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Initiatives by topic
Arts, sport and culture
wikipedia:LIPU, the Lega italiana protezione uccelli (En. “Italian League for Bird Protection”) is an Italian charitable organisation, founded in 1965 and devoted to the protection of the country’s wildlife with a particular focus on birds. It has a membership of 42,000 and is the Italian partner of Birdlife International.
wikipedia:Conservatoria delle Coste (Coastal conservation agency) (official name: Conservatoria delle Coste della Sardegna in Italian, Conservatoria de sas Costeras de sa Sardigna in Sardinian) is a Sardinian public agency created by the Regional Law N°2 of the 29th of May 2007, to ensure the protection of outstanding natural areas on the Sardinian coast.
Community currencies activism
RESEDA, una ecocoperativa solidale dove possono lavorare anche persone disabili. La RESEDA opera nel settore della sostenibilità ecologica e sociale, per la diffusione delle fonti di energia rinnovabile e le tecnologie appropriate.
Office for Civic Imagination, Bologna
Four years ago, three residents were interested in taking care of a bench located in Piazza dei Colori in the suburbs of Bologna, Italy. They approached the city government, which fielded the request through five different departments, but it came to nothing. This is where the well-known "Regulation for the Care and Regeneration of the Urban Commons in Bologna" stems from — a thriving, citizen-led commons initiative. It now boasts more than 400 collaborative agreements for individuals and communities to work together to improve schools, public spaces, and more. This is what made a difference, what made Bologna win the Engaged Cities Award, an initiative underwritten by Bloomberg Philanthropies and promoted by the international non-profit organization Cities of Service.
Starting from one single need, one single bench to be cared for, the Bologna city government created a growing process for civic engagement. This includes the Civic Network, a public digital space where thousands of citizens have access to data or to voting, with almost 16,000 voters in the participatory budgeting project in 2017. It also includes INCREDIBOL, an initiative that has already given to creative communities access to around 35 premises and buildings owned by the Municipality of Bologna as well as the District Co-Design Laboratories and the Civic Imagination Office, that has so far organized 190 meetings and involved more than 6,000 people.
This year, participatory processes are happening in every district in Bologna, with regular public meetings and new community places. In the fields of culture, welfare, mobility, and sport, we find more and more projects where citizens are the promoters and the Bologna city administration is the enabling partner. What bonds all this is the Office for Civic Imagination, a multi-professional working group tasked with conceiving new solutions so that the city government can share the responsibility for the care of common spaces and places, for the sustainable use and the fair appreciation of local resources. The aim of this department is to manage relationships, find the necessary instruments for efficient co-production, and provide information.
At a time of disillusion toward institutions, many cities are building processes to enable citizens not only to take care of their own districts and cities, but also to be a partially governing force and figure out new solutions together. The scenario is still a little blurry, because of the continuous fight between those who have more capacities and resources and those with less, but there are examples of innovation in the urban democracy aiming at redistribution. Some cities invest resources to re-design the traditional models, trying to shift towards open and democratic co-design approaches. Urban space is often the source of contemporary conflicts, where forms of cooperation and extractive platforms assume new shapes. It's being aware of this tension, with citizens doing things, asking, demanding, and claiming their right to care for public spaces that makes Bologna a city that is able to regenerate in spite of the continuous conflict. 
Monithon, an independent civic monitoring initiative
wikipedia:CieloBuio-coordinamento per la protezione del cielo notturno (coordination for the protection of the night sky) is a non-profit organization that operates in Italy for the protection of the night sky by promoting a culture of eco-friendly lighting and raising public awareness on the phenomenon of light pollution.
ClairCity, Eu project about air pollution and CO2 emissions in cities, putting the power in the hands of residents to determine the best local solutions.
Wikipedia: Fairtrade settlements in Italy
Caffè sospeso is a tradition in the working-class cafés of Naples where a person who has experienced good luck financially pays for two coffees, but receives and consumes only one, the second being left until a person enquires later whether a sospeso is available. 
The Emilia Romagna region of northern Italy has more than 15,000 co-operatives, which contribute over one-third of the region’s GDP. 
Parks.it, portal about parks in Italy
Reduce, reuse, repair and recycle
Capannori's zero-waste strategy
The city council of Capannori, adopted its zero-waste strategy in 2007. The first article sets out the ambitious goals: achieve a recycling rate of 75 percent by 2011 and zero waste by 2020. Using what experts call the "waste hierarchy," Capannori's policy makers identified 11 high-impact tactics to reduce waste. The strategy includes everything from a door-to door waste collection scheme to a "pay-as-you-throw" waste tariff. Two of the more innovative tactics include tax incentives for small retailers who sell products loose or on tap (food and liquids), and the operation of a municipal reuse center.
At the reuse center, slightly damaged clothes, electronic devices, toys, footwear, and more are repaired and then donated to people in need or sold at low prices. The center has also held free classes on upcycling techniques, from sewing to woodwork, since 2014. The results have been dramatic. According to a case study on Zero Waste Europe's website, the city reduced waste by 39 percent between 2004 and 2012, achieved an 82 percent recycling rate in 2013, and now hundreds of cities are following its example. As planned, most of the gains in waste reduction came from focusing on tactics high on the waste hierarchy, like prevention and reuse, rather than recycling — which is low on the hierarchy. 
Trees, woodland and forest
petition: Help Save Grandma Oak! www.salviamononnaquercia.com
News and comment
Real Bread Campaign welcomes Italy’s new fresh bread law, Dec 19 
Free beer (and ice cream) for cycling in Bologna, local retail services for volunteering in Newcastle-Under-Lyme. Communities can incentivise themselves, Dec 14 
What Italian cities can teach us about how to establish urban commons - and their value, Nov 19 
Castelbuono, the Sicilian town where young Africans are the hope for the future, Nov 6 
The Italian Region Where Co-ops Produce a Third of Its GDP, Jul 5 
The Nidiaci Garden of Florence, an Oasis of Commoning in a Busy City, Mar 28 
Can Venice Save Itself? Feb 10 
There is a renewed sense of civic participation in Italy, Dec 13 
Milan leads fight against food waste – with ugly fruit and Michelin-starred soup kitchens, Oct 16 
Italy adopts new law to slash food waste, Aug 3 
CO-Bologna runs towards new cooperative forms of governance of the commons: a focus on Bolognina site. Jun 15 
How a regulation turned Bologna’s civic pride into action, Apr 12 
Italy passes law to make supermarkets give wasted food to charity, Mar 17 
Italy smog: Milan bans cars for three days to fight pollution, December 24 
The Miracle of Mals, September 30 
Milan Is the Latest European City to Embrace a Car-Free Future, July 13 
Bologna Celebrates One Year of a Bold Experiment in Urban Commoning, June 8 
Milan introduces 1,000 e-bikes to city bike scheme, June 10 
Interviewed: Professor Christian Iaione on the City as Commons, February 17 
CO-Mantova as the trigger for a co-cities movement, Nov 27 
Shaking hands with the Mayor of Bologna, November 1 
Siena starts the New Year as Europe’s first carbon free city, January 22 
The historical importance of the Italian referendum and victory for the water commons,  November 27
Can Italy carry off its plastic bag ban?  January 3
Italy to begin ban on plastic bags in shops,  December 31
Apps for sustainability
Sharing economy, ecco le app made in Italy contro lo spreco, October 20, 2014 
“ZAPPATA ROMANA”: community-run green areas, by studioUAP: About 50 community-run green areas mapped: little urban gardens, play yards, edible gardens and areas for walking, resting, or simply talking. Citizens and associations acting together to reclaim the abandoned areas in Rome.
Wikipedia: Italy - Italy, Environment - Fondo per l'Ambiente Italiano National Trust of Italy - Italia Nostra (Our Italy) Italian not for profit campaigning organisation, dedicated to the protection and promotion of the country’s historical, artistic and environmental heritage - Legambiente Italian environmentalist association with roots in the anti-nuclear movement
Cittaslow Italy, (slow cities)