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Difference between revisions of "Information technology"

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{{wikipedia p|Information and communication technology}}
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{{topic header| default.png | Information technology}}  
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==Introduction==
 
==Introduction==
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== ICT in development ==
 
== ICT in development ==
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The term '''ICT4D''' (Information and Communication Technologies for Development) refers to the use of ICTs to support socio-economic development. Examples of this follow.
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== Lean code, development and sustainability==
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{{main|Sustainable computing}}
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Computing can be made more sustainable in several ways. Better practices (like hibernation, screens switching off instead of going to screensavers, and just switching off or hibernating when the computer is not in use) can save power. More efficient coding means computers use less power and need less powerful hardware - see [http://blogs.appropedia.org/2008/12/05/the-world-needs-lean-code/ The world needs lean code!] (December 5th, 2008) on the Appropedia Foundation Blog.
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==ICT in commerce==
 
Farmers in  
 
Farmers in  
{{WP|Uganda}} have used SMS ({{WP|short message service}} text messaging on mobile phones) to find out about the latest crop prices.<ref name="Africa's Mobile Success Story">[http://www.comminit.com/en/node/265616 The Un-wired Continent: Africa's Mobile Success Story], summary of a 7-page paper by Vanessa Gray, 2006 ''- The Communication Initiative Network''</ref> This service provides them with valuable information to negotiate with middlemen.
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[[Uganda]]{{w|Uganda}} have used SMS ([[short message service]]{{w|short message service}} text messaging on mobile phones) to find out about the latest crop prices.<ref name="Africa's Mobile Success Story">[http://www.comminit.com/en/node/265616 The Un-wired Continent: Africa's Mobile Success Story], summary of a 7-page paper by Vanessa Gray, 2006 ''- The Communication Initiative Network''</ref> This service provides them with valuable information to negotiate with middlemen.
  
== ICT in public health ==
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=== ICT in public health ===
  
In {{WP|South Africa}}, the "Compliance Service" uses short message service (SMS) to remind [[tuberculosis]] (TB) patients to take their medication. This kind of intervention, which is claimed to have  "substantially decreased the number of treatment failures", has important implications in [[public health]].<ref name="Africa's Mobile Success Story"/>
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In [[South Africa]]{{w|South Africa}}, the "Compliance Service" uses short message service (SMS) to remind [[tuberculosis]] (TB) patients to take their medication. This kind of intervention, which is claimed to have  "substantially decreased the number of treatment failures", has important implications in [[public health]].<ref name="Africa's Mobile Success Story"/>
  
==ICT in Africa==
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===ICT in Africa===
 
From a [http://www.comminit.com/africa/ Soulbeat Africa] newsletter (from [http://www.comminit.com The Communications Initiative]):
 
From a [http://www.comminit.com/africa/ Soulbeat Africa] newsletter (from [http://www.comminit.com The Communications Initiative]):
 
*[http://www.comminit.com/africa/experiences/pds72004/experiences-2592.html The African Information Society Initiative]: Africa's Vision to Digital Opportunities is the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa 's (ECA) work programme to use information and communication technology to accelerate economic and social development in ECA's 53 member states in Africa.  
 
*[http://www.comminit.com/africa/experiences/pds72004/experiences-2592.html The African Information Society Initiative]: Africa's Vision to Digital Opportunities is the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa 's (ECA) work programme to use information and communication technology to accelerate economic and social development in ECA's 53 member states in Africa.  
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*[http://www.comminit.com/africa/e-newsletters/enews/enews-364.html PICTA Bulletin]: This monthly (online) publication provides information on activities of members in the Partnership for ICTs in Africa (PICTA), and news on ICT-related activities in Africa.
 
*[http://www.comminit.com/africa/e-newsletters/enews/enews-364.html PICTA Bulletin]: This monthly (online) publication provides information on activities of members in the Partnership for ICTs in Africa (PICTA), and news on ICT-related activities in Africa.
  
==ICT in Asia==
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===ICT in Asia===
 
* [http://www.apdip.net/news/exploringnewmodalities Exploring New Modalities: Experiences with ICT Interventions in the Asia-Pacific Region] : Excellent publication (free PDF available) highlighting 56 ICT projects sponsored by the UN's Asia-Pacific Development Information Programme between 2002 and 2005.
 
* [http://www.apdip.net/news/exploringnewmodalities Exploring New Modalities: Experiences with ICT Interventions in the Asia-Pacific Region] : Excellent publication (free PDF available) highlighting 56 ICT projects sponsored by the UN's Asia-Pacific Development Information Programme between 2002 and 2005.
  
==Computing and sustainability==
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==Notes==
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<small><references/></small>
  
{{main|Sustainable computing}}
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== See also ==
  
Computing can be made more sustainable in several ways. Better practices (like hibernation, screens switching off instead of going to screensavers, and just switching off or hibernating when the computer is not in use) can save power. More efficient coding means computers use less power and need less powerful hardware.
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* [[Low cost computer guide]]
  
==Notes==
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== Interwiki links ==
<small><references/></small>
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==See also==
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* [[Wikipedia:ICT4D]]
*[http://ngoinabox.org/ NGO-in-a-Box: Powerful tools for the daily work of NGO's].
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* [[Wikipedia:Information and communication technology]]
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* [http://www.ewb-isn.com/wiki/ EWB's ICT4D Support Network Wiki], a project of [[Engineers Without Borders Australia]]
  
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
 
*[http://www.tectonic.co.za Tectonic] - technology with a focus on open source software, and Africa.
 
*[http://www.tectonic.co.za Tectonic] - technology with a focus on open source software, and Africa.
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*[http://ngoinabox.org/ NGO-in-a-Box: Powerful tools for the daily work of NGO's].
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[[Category:Information technology]]
 
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[[Category:Knowledge]]

Latest revision as of 18:31, 5 November 2011


Default.png    See also the Information technology category.
for subtopics, how-tos, project pages, designs, organization pages and more.


Introduction[edit]

Various appropriate technologies in information and communication technology are mentioned at the Wikipedia article on appropriate technology, and some encyclopedic articles are linked from there.

ICT in development[edit]

The term ICT4D (Information and Communication Technologies for Development) refers to the use of ICTs to support socio-economic development. Examples of this follow.

Lean code, development and sustainability[edit]

Computing can be made more sustainable in several ways. Better practices (like hibernation, screens switching off instead of going to screensavers, and just switching off or hibernating when the computer is not in use) can save power. More efficient coding means computers use less power and need less powerful hardware - see The world needs lean code! (December 5th, 2008) on the Appropedia Foundation Blog.

ICT in commerce[edit]

Farmers in UgandaW have used SMS (short message serviceW text messaging on mobile phones) to find out about the latest crop prices.[1] This service provides them with valuable information to negotiate with middlemen.

ICT in public health[edit]

In South AfricaW, the "Compliance Service" uses short message service (SMS) to remind tuberculosis (TB) patients to take their medication. This kind of intervention, which is claimed to have "substantially decreased the number of treatment failures", has important implications in public health.[1]

ICT in Africa[edit]

From a Soulbeat Africa newsletter (from The Communications Initiative):

  • The African Information Society Initiative: Africa's Vision to Digital Opportunities is the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa 's (ECA) work programme to use information and communication technology to accelerate economic and social development in ECA's 53 member states in Africa.
  • Building ICT4D Capacity in and by African Universities
  • Imfundo Project - Sub-Saharan Africa: This Department for International Development (DFID) initiative aims to transform the education sector in Africa through the use of ICTs. It is dedicated to finding new ways to improve the training of teachers, identify the most effective way to improve the management and support of teachers in developing countries, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, using new technologies where appropriate.
  • PICTA Bulletin: This monthly (online) publication provides information on activities of members in the Partnership for ICTs in Africa (PICTA), and news on ICT-related activities in Africa.

ICT in Asia[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 The Un-wired Continent: Africa's Mobile Success Story, summary of a 7-page paper by Vanessa Gray, 2006 - The Communication Initiative Network

See also[edit]

Interwiki links[edit]

External links[edit]



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