Get our free book (in Spanish or English) on rainwater now - To Catch the Rain.

Difference between revisions of "Garden rotation at Potawot Food Gardens"

From Appropedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Line 4: Line 4:
 
Crop Rotation is a practice in gardening in which different crops are planted in different areas of the field each year to prevent deterioration of the soil. It can improve soil fertility and structure with the right technique. The herb and vegetable gardens at Potawot Indian Health Facility [[http://www.appropedia.org/Potawot]] use the method of crop rotation as a part of their organic gardening routine.  
 
Crop Rotation is a practice in gardening in which different crops are planted in different areas of the field each year to prevent deterioration of the soil. It can improve soil fertility and structure with the right technique. The herb and vegetable gardens at Potawot Indian Health Facility [[http://www.appropedia.org/Potawot]] use the method of crop rotation as a part of their organic gardening routine.  
  
[[Image:sign_potawot.jpg|thumb|right|Potawot Community Food Gardens]]
+
[[Image:WwIIcr.jpg|thumb|right|Sample Garden Rotation Chart from World War II]]
  
 
== Why Crop Rotation is Important ==
 
== Why Crop Rotation is Important ==
Line 23: Line 23:
 
*Goosefoot (Beets, Chard)
 
*Goosefoot (Beets, Chard)
 
*Squash (Winter Squash, Pumpkins)
 
*Squash (Winter Squash, Pumpkins)
  [[Image:potawot006.jpg|thumb|right|Crops at Potawot]]
+
  [[Image:examplecr.jpg|thumb|right|Example Garden Rotation Chart]]
  
 
== Crop Rotation at Potawot ==
 
== Crop Rotation at Potawot ==

Revision as of 22:14, 11 November 2008

Engr115 Page in Progress
Warning: Possibly Inaccurate Content
This page is currently being edited by students in Engr115 Intro to Engineering. The content should be considered inaccurate until this message is removed. Please refrain from making edits before December 12th, 2008 unless you are a part of this class. Feel free to make comments using the discussion tab.



Introduction to Garden Rotation at Potawot Food Gardens

Crop Rotation is a practice in gardening in which different crops are planted in different areas of the field each year to prevent deterioration of the soil. It can improve soil fertility and structure with the right technique. The herb and vegetable gardens at Potawot Indian Health Facility [[1]] use the method of crop rotation as a part of their organic gardening routine.

Sample Garden Rotation Chart from World War II

Why Crop Rotation is Important

Rotating crops is an important part of sustainable organic gardening. Without crop rotation the soil is weakened by one crop repeatedly season after season taking out specific nutrients from the soil. Also without crop rotation specific pests and pathogens will build up in the crop growing area. With crop rotation soil weakening can be avoided by changing the crops season to season because the different crops pull out different nutrients from the soil and attract different pests and pathogens.

Crop Rotation Techniques

Plants in different taxonomic groups are rotated to ward off pests. This generally means deep-rooted plants are rotated with shallow rooted plants. Also certain plants renew different nutrients i.e. legumes (like a kidney bean or vanilla) replenish nitrates in the ground and cereals need nitrate rich soil, therefore it is beneficial to plant legumes before cereals. In ideal conditions it is best to wait three years to plant a crop in the same place as before. Crop rotation techniques ultimately vary depending on the soil quality, precipitation and climate.

The different families are as follows

  • Legume (Peas, /Bell Peppers, Fava Beans, ect.)
  • Mint (Basil, Sage)
  • Alliums (Onions, Garlic)
  • Grass (wheat, Rice)
  • Nightshade (Eggplant, Tomatoes)
  • Umbel (Carrot, Dill)
  • Composite (Lettuce, Artichokes)
  • Crucifer (Radishes, Turnips)
  • Goosefoot (Beets, Chard)
  • Squash (Winter Squash, Pumpkins)
Example Garden Rotation Chart

Crop Rotation at Potawot

At Potawot crop rotation in implemented to maintain an organic pesticide free garden. The gardens grow a variety of different crops including artichokes, sugar snap peas, broccoli, carrots, celery, chard, tomatoes and many others. There are four main fields with varying number of rows in each. Each season a chart is drawn up to organize the crops so that none are in the same places they were the last two years. The charts also rotate cover crops throughout the garden to restore nutrients into the soil for future growing. Then the rotation charts are displayed in the volunteer house showing in what week and what row to plant the crops.

References

"Gardening With The Helpful Gardener." Helpful Gardener. <http:/http://www.helpfulgardener.com/organic/2006/crop.html>.

Tanner, Eddie. The Humboldt Kitchen Gardener. Arcata, CA: Eddie Tanner, 2008. 16-31.

Shonnie, Eddie. Personal Contact. 28 October 2008.

"Potawot Community Food Gardens." California Area Indian Health Services. Federal Health Program for American Indians and Native Alaskans. 28 Oct. 2008

<http://www.ihs.gov/facilitiesservices/areaoffices/california/universal/pagemain.cfm?p=291>.

Ogden, Shepherd. Straight-Ahead Organic : A Step-by-Step Guide to Growing Great Vegetables in a Less Than Perfect World. New York: Chelsea Green, 1999. <layout name="Project" />