Difference between revisions of "Fruits"

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*[[Apples]]
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'''Fruits''' are parts of flowering plants that are derived from specific tissues of the flower, mainly one or more ovaries. Fruits are characterized by their sweet taste, moderatly high calorie contents (ie 100-150 kcal/100grams) and low protein content. The definition on what is and what is not a fruit varies<ref>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fruits#Botanic_fruit_and_culinary_fruit Botanic and culinary fruits]</ref> but we will disregard plant parts with low caloric contents (ie tomato, tomatillo, ...).
*[[Bananas]]
+
 
*[[Berries]]
+
==List of fruits==
*[[Cherries]]
+
 
*[[Grapes]]
+
===A===
*[[Melons]]
+
{{div col}}
*[[Peaches]]
+
* <span id="abiu" />[[Abiu]] (''Pouteria caimito''; [[Sapotaceae]])
*[[Pears]]
+
* <span id="acai" />[[Açaí]] (''Euterpe oleracea''; [[Arecaceae]]), or Assai
*[[Plums]]
+
* <span id="acerola" />[[Acerola]] (''Malpighia glabra''; [[Malpighiaceae]]), also called Barbados cherry or West Indian cherry
*[[Quince]]
+
* <span id="ackee" />[[Ackee]] (''Blighia sapida'' or ''Cupania sapida''; [[Sapindaceae]])
 +
* <span id="african_cherry_orange" />[[African cherry orange]] (''Citropsis schweinfurthii''; [[Rutaceae]])
 +
* <span id="african_mango" />[[African mango]] (''Irvingia gabonensis'')
 +
* <span id="african_moringa" />[[African horseradish tree|African moringa]] (''Moringa stenopetala''; [[Moringaceae]])
 +
* <span id="ambarella" />[[Ambarella]] (''Spondias dulcis''; [[Anacardiaceae]])
 +
* <span id="american_black_elderberry" />[[Sambucus canadensis|American Black Elderberry]] (''Sambucus canadensis''; [[Adoxaceae]])
 +
* <span id="american_chestnut" />[[American Chestnut]] (''Castanea dentata''; [[Fagaceae]])
 +
* <span id="american_grape" />American [[grape]]: North American species (e.g., ''[[Vitis labrusca]]''; [[Vitaceae]]) and American-European hybrids are grown where grape (''Vitis vinifera'') is not hardy and are used as [[rootstock]]s
 +
* <span id="american_hazelnut" />[[Corylus americana|American Hazelnut]] (''Corylus americana''; [[Betulaceae]])
 +
* <span id="american_pawpaw" />[[American Pawpaw]] (''[[Asimina triloba]]''; [[Annonaceae]])
 +
* <span id="american_persimmon" />[[American Persimmon]] (''Diospyros virginiana''; [[Ebenaceae]])
 +
* <span id="american_plum" />[[Prunus americana|American plum]] (''Prunus americana''; [[Rosaceae]])
 +
* <span id="american_red_elderberry" />[[American Red Elderberry]] (''Sambucus pubens''; [[Adoxaceae]])
 +
* <span id="american_red_raspberry" />[[American Red Raspberry]] (''Rubus strigosus''; [[Rosaceae]])
 +
* <span id="apple" />[[Apple]] and crabapple (''[[Malus]]'')
 +
* Apple, Malay, see [[#malay apple|Malay apple]]
 +
* Apple, custard, see [[#custard apple|Custard apple]]
 +
* Apple, elephant, see [[#elephant apple|Elephant apple]]
 +
* Apple, kei, see [[#key apple|key apple]]
 +
* Apple, mammee, see [[#mammee apple|mammee apple]]
 +
* <span id="apricot" />[[Apricot]] (''[[Prunus armeniaca]]'' or ''[[Armeniaca vulgaris]]'')
 +
* <span id="araza" />[[Araza]] (''[[Eugenia stipitata]]'')
 +
* <span id="arhat" />[[Siraitia grosvenorii|Arhat]] (''Siraitia grosvenorii''; [[Cucurbitaceae]]) Also called [[Siraitia grosvenorii|longevity fruit]]
 +
* <span id="atemoya" />[[Atemoya]] (''Annona cherimola &times; Annona squamosa''; [[Annonaceae]])
 +
* <span id="atherton_raspberry" />[[Rubus probus|Atherton Raspberry]] (''Rubus probus''; [[Rosaceae]])
 +
* <span id="avocado" />[[Avocado]] (''Persea americana''; [[Lauraceae]])
 +
{{div col end}}
 +
 
 +
===B===
 +
 
 +
{{div col}}
 +
* <span id="babaco" />[[Babaco]] (''Carica pentagona''; [[Caricaceae]])
 +
* <span id="bacupari" />[[Bacupari]] (''Garcinia gardneriana'')
 +
* <span id="bacuri" />[[Bacuri]] (''Platonia esculenta''; [[Guttiferae]])
 +
* <span id="bael" />[[Bael]], or Woodapple (''Aegle marmelos''; [[Rutaceae]]), found in eastern India.
 +
* <span id="banana" />[[Banana]] (''Musacea'' spp.; [[Musaceae]]); its starchy variant is the [[plantain]]
 +
* <span id="barbadine" />[[Passiflora ligularis|Barbadine]] (granadilla; maracujá-açu in Portuguese)
 +
* Barbados Cherry, see [[#acerola|acerola]]
 +
* <span id="batuan" />[[Garcinia morella|Batuan]] (''Garcinia morella'')
 +
* <span id="beach_plum" />[[Beach Plum]] (''Prunus maritima''; [[Rosaceae]])
 +
* <span id="bearberry" />[[Bearberry]] (''[[Arctostaphylos]]'' spp.)
 +
* <span id="betel_nut" />[[Betel Nut]] (“Areca catechu”; [[Arecaceae]])
 +
* <span id="bignay" />[[Antidesma bunius|Bignay]] (''Antidesma bunius''; [[Euphorbiaceae]])
 +
* <span id="bilberry" />[[Bilberry]] or whortleberry (''[[Vaccinium]]'' spp.)
 +
* <span id="bilimbi" />[[Bilimbi]] (''Averrhoa bilimbi''; [[Oxalidaceae]]) Also called [[cucumber tree]] or [[tree sorrel]]
 +
* <span id="biribi" />[[Biriba (fruit)|Biribi]] (''[[Rollinia deliciosa]]''; [[Annonaceae]])
 +
* <span id="bitter_melon" />[[Bitter melon]], the flesh of which is bitter, and used as a culinary vegetable, but with a sweet coating around the mature seeds
 +
* <span id="black_apple" />[[Planchonella australis|Black Apple]] (''Planchonella australis''; [[Sapotaceae]])
 +
* <span id="black_cherry" />[[Black cherry]] (''Prunus serotina''; [[Rosaceae]]) very popular flavoring for pies, jams, and sweets.
 +
* <span id="black_raspberry" />[[Black raspberry]] (''Rubus occidentalis'' or ''Rubus leucodermis''; [[Rosaceae]])
 +
* <span id="black_mulberry" />[[Black Mulberry]] (''Morus nigra''; [[Moraceae]])
 +
* <span id="black_sapote" />[[Black Sapote]] (''[[Diospyros digyna]]'')
 +
* <span id="black_walnut" />[[Juglans nigra|Black Walnut]] (''Juglans nigra''; [[Juglandaceae]])
 +
* <span id="blackberry" />[[Blackberry]], of which there are many species and hybrids, such as [[dewberry]], [[boysenberry]], [[olallieberry]], and [[tayberry]]  (genus ''[[Rubus]]'')
 +
* <span id="blood_orange" />[[Blood Orange]]
 +
* <span id="blue_tongue" />[[Melastoma affine|Blue tongue]] (''Melastoma affine''; [[Melastomataceae]])
 +
* <span id="blueberry" />[[Blueberry]] (''Vaccinium, sect. Cyanococcus''; [[Ericaceae]])
 +
* <span id="bolivian_coconut" />[[Parajubaea torallyi|Bolivian coconut]] (''[[Parajubaea torallyi]]'')
 +
* <span id="bolwarra" />[[Eupomatia laurina|Bolwarra]] (''Eupomatia laurina''; [[Eupomatiaceae]])
 +
* <span id="boquila" />[[Boquila]] (''[[Boquila trifoliata]] ''; [[Lardizabalaceae]])
 +
* <span id="bottle_gourd" />[[Bottle Gourd]] also known as [[Calabash]] (''[[Lagenaria]] siceraria''; [[Cucurbitaceae]])
 +
* <span id="brazilian_guava" />[[Brazilian Guava]] (''Psidium guineense''; [[Myrtaceae]])
 +
* <span id="breadnut" />[[Artocarpus camansi|Breadnut]] (''Artocarpus camansi''; [[Moraceae]])
 +
* Breadnut, Mayan, see [[#mayan breadnut|Mayan breadnut]]
 +
* <span id="broad_leaf_bramble" />[[Rubus moluccanus|Broad-leaf Bramble]] (''Rubus moluccanus''; [[Rosaceae]])
 +
* <span id="buddhas_hand" />[[Buddha's Hand]]
 +
* <span id="buffaloberry" />[[Shepherdia argentea|Buffaloberry]] ("Shepherdia argentea"; [[Elaeagnaceae]]), which grows wild in the prairies of [[Canada]]
 +
* <span id="burdekin_plum" />[[Pleiogynium timorense|Burdekin Plum]] (''Pleiogynium timorense''; [[Anacardiaceae]])
 +
* <span id="burmese_grape" />[[Burmese grape]], or Latka (''Baccaurea sapida''; [[Phyllanthaceae]])
 +
* <span id="bush_tomato" />[[Bush tomato]] (Certain ''Solanum'' species; [[Solanaceae]])
 +
* <span id="button_mangosteen" />[[Button Mangosteen]] (''Garcinia prainiana'')
 +
{{div col end}}
 +
 
 +
===C===
 +
 
 +
{{div col}}
 +
* <span id="caimito" />[[Chrysophyllum cainito|Caimito]] (''Pouteria caimito''; [[Sapotaceae]])
 +
* <span id="calabash_tree" />[[Calabash Tree]] (''Crescentia cujete'')
 +
* <span id="calamondin" />[[Calamondin]] (''Citrofortunella Microcarpa'')
 +
* <span id="calamansi" />[[Calamansi]] (''×Citrofortunella Mitis''))
 +
* <span id="camucamu" />[[CamuCamu]] (''Myrciaria dubia''; [[Myrtaceae]])
 +
* <span id="canistel" />[[Canistel]] (''Pouteria campechiana''; [[Sapotaceae]]), also called [[yellow sapote]] or "[[eggfruit]]"
 +
* <span id="cantaloupe" />[[Cantaloupe]]
 +
* <span id="cape_gooseberry" />[[Cape Gooseberry]] (''Physalis peruviana''; [[Solanaceae]])
 +
* <span id="capulin_cherry" />[[Capulin Cherry|Capuli cherry]] (''Prunus salicifolia'', ''Prunus capuli'' or ''Prunus serotina subsp. capuli''); [[Rosaceae]]), native to the Andes<ref>[[#lcoti|Lost Crops of the Incas]], [http://www.nap.edu/openbook.php?record_id=1398&page=223 p. 223]</ref>
 +
* <span id="carambola" />[[Carambola]] (''Averrhoa carambola''; [[Oxalidaceae]]), also called [[carambola|star fruit]] or ''five fingers''
 +
* <span id="cardon" />[[Pachycereus pringlei|Cardón]]  (''Pachycereus pringlei''; [[Cactaceae]])
 +
* <span id="carob" />Carob (''[[Ceratonia siliqua]]''; [[Fabaceae]])
 +
* <span id="cashew_apple" />[[Cashew apple]] (''Anacardium occidentale'')
 +
* <span id="cassabanana" />[[Cassabanana]] (''Sicana odorifera''; [[Cucurbitaceae]])
 +
* <span id="cattley_guava" />[[Cattley Guava]] (''Psidium cattleianum''; [[Myrtaceae]])
 +
* <span id="cawesh" />[[Cawesh]] (''Annona scleroderma''; [[Annonaceae]])
 +
* <span id="cedar_bay_cherry" />[[Eugenia carissoides|Cedar Bay cherry]] (''Eugenia carissoides''; [[Myrtaceae]])
 +
* <span id="ceriman" />[[Ceriman]] (''Monstera deliciosa''; [[Araceae]])
 +
* <span id="cereus_peruvianus" />[[Cereus peruvianus]]
 +
* <span id="ceylon_gooseberry" />Ceylon gooseberry (''[[Dovyalis hebecarpa]]''; [[Flacourtiaceae]]
 +
* <span id="charichuelo" />[[Charichuelo]] (''Garcinia intermedia'')
 +
* <span id="chayote" />[[Chayote]] (''Sechium edule''; [[Cucurbitaceae]])
 +
* <span id="che" />Che (''Cudrania tricuspidata''; [[Moraceae]]) Also called  Cudrania, [[Chinese Mulberry]], [[Cudrang]], [[Mandarin Melon Berry]], [[Silkworm Thorn]], [[Maclura tricuspidata|zhe]]
 +
* <span id="chempedak" />[[Chempedak]] or Champedak (''Artocarpus integer''; [[Moraceae]])
 +
* <span id="chenet" />[[Chenet]] ([[guinep]] or ackee; pitomba-das-Guinas in Portuguese), also known as Spanish lime or mamoncillo
 +
* <span id="cherimoya" />[[Cherimoya]] (''Annona cherimola''; [[Annonaceae]]), native to the [[Ecuadorian Andes]]<ref>[[#lcoti|Lost Crops of the Incas]],  [http://www.nap.edu/openbook.php?record_id=1398&page=229 p. 229]</ref>
 +
* <span id="cherry" />[[Cherry]], sweet, black, sour, and wild species (''[[Prunus avium]]'', ''[[Prunus serotina]]'', ''[[Prunus cerasus]]'', and [[Prunus|others]])
 +
* <span id="cherry_ballart" />[[Exocarpus cupressiformis|Cherry ballart]] (''Exocarpus cupressiformis''; [[Santalaceae]])
 +
* <span id="cherry_of_the_rio_grande" />[[Cherry of the Rio Grande]] (''Eugenia aggregata''; [[Myrtaceae]])
 +
* <span id="chilean_guava" />[[Chilean guava]] (''Psidium cattleianum''; see also [[#ugni|ugni]] ([[Myrtaceae]])
 +
* <span id="chinese_jujube" />[[Jujube|Chinese jujube]] (''Ziziphus zizyphus''; [[Rhamnaceae]])
 +
* <span id="chinese_olive" />[[Chinese Olive]] (''Canarium album''; [[Burseraceae]])
 +
* <span id="chinese_quince" />[[Chinese Quince]] (''Pseudocydonia sinensis'')
 +
* <span id="chokeberry" />[[Chokeberry]] (''[[Aronia]]'')
 +
* <span id="chokecherry" />[[Chokecherry]] (''[[Prunus virginiana]]'')
 +
* <span id="chupa_chupa" />Chupa-Chupa (''[[Quararibea cordata]]''; [[Malvaceae]])
 +
* <span id="citron" />[[Citron]] (''Citrus medica'')
 +
* <span id="clementine" />[[Clementine]] (''Citrus reticulata'' var. ''clementine''),
 +
* <span id="cloudberry" />[[Cloudberry]] (''[[Rubus chamaemorus]]'')
 +
* <span id="cluster_fig" />[[Ficus racemosa|Cluster fig]] (''Ficus racemosa''; [[Moraceae]])
 +
* <span id="cocky_apple" />[[Planchonia careya|Cocky apple]] (''Planchonia careya'')
 +
* <span id="coco_plum" />[[Coco Plum]] (''Chrysobalanus icaco''; [[Chrysobalanaceae]])
 +
* <span id="cocona" />[[Cocona]] (''Solanum sessilifolium''; [[Solanaceae]])
 +
* <span id="coconut" />[[Coconut]] (''Cocos nucifera''; [[Arecaceae]])
 +
* <span id="cocoplum" />[[Cocoplum]] (''Chrysobalanus icaco''; [[Chrysobalanaceae]])
 +
* <span id="coffee" />[[Coffea|Coffee]] ("coffee cherries" surround the better-known "bean")
 +
* <span id="cola_nut" />[[Cola nut]] (''Cola acuminata''; [[Sterculiaceae]])
 +
* <span id="common_apple_berry" />[[Billardiera scandens|Common apple-berry]] (''Billardiera scandens''; [[Pittosporaceae]])
 +
* <span id="conkerberry" />[[Carissa lanceolata|Conkerberry]] (''Carissa lanceolata''; [[Apocynaceae]])
 +
* <span id="cornelian_cherry" />[[Cornelian cherry]] (''[[Cornus mas]]''; [[Cornaceae]])
 +
* <span id="costa_rican_guava" />[[Costa Rican Guava]] (''Psidium friedrichsthalianum''; [[Myrtaceae]])
 +
* <span id="cranberry" />[[Cranberry]] (''Vaccinium'' spp.)
 +
* <span id="crowberry" />[[Crowberry]] (''[[Empetrum]]'' spp.)
 +
* <span id="cupuacu" />[[Cupuaçu]] (''Theobroma grandiflorum''; [[Malvaceae]])
 +
* <span id="currant" />[[Ribes|Currant]] (''[[Ribes]]'' spp.; [[Grossulariaceae]]), [[Red Currant|red]], [[Black Currant|black]], and [[White Currant|white]] types
 +
* <span id="curry_leaf_tree" />[[Curry-leaf Tree]] (''Murraya koenigii''; [[Rutaceae]])
 +
* <span id="custard_apple" />[[Custard Apple]] (''Annona reticulata''; [[Annonaceae]]), also called ''Bullock's Heart''
 +
{{div col end}}
 +
 
 +
===D===
 +
 
 +
{{div col}}
 +
* <span id="damson_plum" />[[Damson|Damson plum]] (''Prunus domestica subsp. insititia''; [[Rosaceae]])
 +
* <span id="date" />[[Date (fruit)|Date]] (''[[Phoenix dactylifera]]''; [[Arecaceae]])
 +
* <span id="date_plum" />[[Date plum]] (''Diospyros lotus''; [[Ebenaceae]])
 +
* <span id="davidsons_plum" />[[Davidsonia|Davidson's plum]] (''Davidsonia'' spp.; [[Cunoniaceae]]) [[Davidsonia jerseyana]] [[Davidsonia johnsonii]] [[Davidsonia pruriens]]
 +
* <span id="dead_mans_fingers" />[[Decaisnea|Dead Man's Fingers ]](''Blue Bean'', ''Blue Sausage Fruit'',''[[Decaisnea|Decaisnea fargesii]]'')
 +
* <span id="desert_banana" />[[Marsdenia australis|Desert banana]] (''Marsdenia australis'')
 +
* <span id="desert_fig" />[[Ficus platypoda|Desert fig]] (''Ficus platypoda''; [[Moraceae]])
 +
* <span id="desert_lime" />[[Citrus glauca|Desert lime]] (''Citrus glauca''; [[Rutaceae]])
 +
* <span id="dodder_laurel" />[[Cassytha melantha|Dodder laurel]] (''Cassytha melantha'')
 +
* <span id="doubah" />[[Marsdenia australis|Doubah]] (''Marsdenia australis''; [[Apocynaceae]])
 +
* <span id="double_coconut" />[[Double Coconut]] or [[Coco-de-mer]](''Lodoicea maldivica''; [[Arecaceae]])
 +
* <span id="dragonfruit" />[[Dragonfruit]] / [[Pitaya]] (''Hylocereus'' spp.; [[Cactaceae]])
 +
* <span id="duku" />[[Duku]] (''Lansium domesticum''; [[Meliaceae]])
 +
* <span id="durian" />[[Durian]] (''Durio zibethicus''; [[Malvaceae]])
 +
{{div col end}}
 +
 
 +
===E===
 +
 
 +
{{div col}}
 +
* <span id="eastern_may_hawthorn" />[[Crataegus aestivalis|Eastern May Hawthorn]] (''Crataegus aestivalis''; [[Rosaceae]], better known as mayhaw.)
 +
* <span id="elderberry" />[[Elderberry]] (''[[Sambucus]]''; [[Caprifoliaceae]])
 +
* <span id="elephant_apple" />[[Elephant Apple]] (''[[Dillenia indica]]''; [[Dilleniaceae]])
 +
* Emblica, see [[#indian gooseberry|Indian gooseberry]]
 +
* <span id="emu_apple" />[[Owenia acidula|Emu Apple]] (''Owenia acidula''; [[Meliaceae]])
 +
* <span id="emu_berry" />[[Grewia retusifolia|Emu berry]] (''Grewia retusifolia'')
 +
{{div col end}}
 +
 
 +
===F===
 +
 
 +
{{div col}}
 +
* <span id="falberry" />[[Falberry]] (''Vaccinium'' spp.)
 +
* <span id="false_mastic" />[[Sideroxylon foetidissimum|False-mastic]] (''Sideroxylon foetidissimum''; [[Sapotaceae]])
 +
* <span id="feijoa" />[[Feijoa]], see [[#pineapple guava|pineapple guava]]
 +
* <span id="fibrous_satinash" />[[Syzygium fibrosum|Fibrous Satinash]] (''Syzygium fibrosum''; [[Myrtaceae]])
 +
* <span id="fig" />[[Common fig|Fig]] (''[[Ficus]]'' spp. [[Moraceae]])
 +
* <span id="finger_lime" />[[Finger Lime]] (''Citrus australasica''; [[Rutaceae]])
 +
* <span id="florida_strangler_fig" />[[Ficus aurea|Florida strangler fig]] (''Ficus aurea''; [[Moraceae]])
 +
{{div col end}}
 +
 
 +
===G===
 +
 
 +
{{div col}}
 +
* <span id="gac" />[[Gac]]
 +
* <span id="galia" />[[Galia (melon)|Galia melon]]
 +
* <span id="gambooge" />[[Gambooge]] (''Garcinia cambogia''; [[Clusiaceae]])
 +
* <span id="genip" />[[Genip]] (''Melicoccus bijugatus''; [[Sapindaceae]])
 +
* <span id="giant_columbian_blackberry" />Giant Colombian blackberry (''Rubus macrocarpus''), native to the highlands of [[Colombia]], up to 5cm long and 2.5cm wide<ref>[[#lcoti|Lost Crops of the Incas]] [http://www.nap.edu/openbook.php?record_id=1398&page=216 p. 216]</ref>
 +
* <span id="giant_granadilla" />[[Giant Granadilla]] (''Passiflora quadrangularis''; [[Passifloraceae]])
 +
* <span id="gooseberry" />[[Gooseberry]] (''Ribes'' spp.; [[Grossulariaceae]])
 +
* Gooseberry, Ceylon, see [[#ceylon gooseberry|Ceylon gooseberry]]
 +
* Gooseberry, Indian, see [[#indian gooseberry|Indian gooseberry]]
 +
* Gooseberry, Otaheite, see [[#otaheite gooseberry|Otaheite gooseberry]]
 +
* Gooseberry, cape, see [[#cape gooseberry|cape gooseberry]]
 +
* <span id="goumi" />[[Elaeagnus multiflora|Goumi]] (''[[Elaeagnus multiflora]]''; [[Elaeocarpaceae]])
 +
* <span id="governers_plum" />[[Ramontchi|Governor’s Plum]] (''Flacourtia indica''; [[Flacourtiaceae]])
 +
* Granadilla, Montessa, see [[#montessa granadilla|Montessa granadilla]]
 +
* Granadilla, yellow, see [[#yellow granadilla|yellow granadilla]]
 +
* <span id="grape" />[[Grape]], called [[raisin]], [[sultana (grape)|sultana]] when it is dried. (''[[Vitis]]'' spp.; [[Vitaceae]])
 +
* <span id="grapefruit" />[[Grapefruit]] (''Citrus &times; paradisi''; [[Rutaceae]])
 +
* <span id="greengage" />[[Greengage]], a cultivar of the [[plum]]
 +
* <span id="ground_plum" />[[Ground Plum]] (''[[Astragalus crassicarpus]]''; [[Fabaceae]]), also called Ground-plum milk-vetch
 +
* <span id="grumichama" />[[Grumichama]] (''Eugenia brasiliensis''; [[Myrtaceae]])
 +
* <span id="guanabana" />[[Guanabana]] (''Annona muricata''; [[Annonaceae]])
 +
* <span id="guarana" />[[Guarana]] (''Paullinia cupana''; [[Sapindaceae]])
 +
* <span id="guava" />[[Guava]] (''[[Psidium guajava]]''; [[Myrtaceae]])
 +
* Guava, Cattley, see [[#cattley guava|Cattley guava]]
 +
* Guava, Chilean, see [[#chilean guava|Chilean guava]]
 +
* Guava, Costa Rican, see [[#costa rican guava|Costa Rican guava]]
 +
* Guava, pineapple, see [[#pineapple guava|pineapple guava]]
 +
* Guava, purple, see [[#purple guava|purple guava]]
 +
* Guava, strawberry, see [[#strawberry guava|strawberry guava]]
 +
* <span id="guavaberry" />[[Guavaberry]]/Rumberry; (''Myrciaria floribunda''; [[Myrtaceae]])
 +
{{div col end}}
 +
 
 +
===H===
 +
 
 +
{{div col}}
 +
* <span id="hackberry" />[[Celtis|Hackberry]] (''[[Celtis]]'' spp.;  [[Cannabaceae]])
 +
* <span id="hairless" />[[Hairless rambutan]]
 +
* <span id="hardy_kiwi" />[[Hardy Kiwi]] (''[[Actinidia|Actinidia arguta]]''; [[Actinidiaceae]] family)
 +
* <span id="hawthorn" />Hawthorn (''[[Crataegus]]'' and ''[[Rhaphiolepis]]'')
 +
* <span id="hog_plum" />[[Hog Plum]] (taperebá in Portuguese)
 +
* <span id="honeydew" />[[Honeydew (melon)|Honeydew]]
 +
* <span id="honeysuckle" />[[Honeysuckle]]<ref name="honeysuckle" />
 +
* <span id="horned_melon" />[[Horned melon]] (''Cucumis metuliferus''; [[Cucurbitaceae]])
 +
* <span id="huckleberry" />[[Huckleberry (plant)|Huckleberry]] (''Vaccinium'' spp.)
 +
* <span id="huito" />[[Huito]] (''[[Genipa americana]]''; [[Rubiaceae]]); also called ''jagua'', ''[[genipap]]'', [[jenipapo]]
 +
{{div col end}}
 +
 
 +
===I===
 +
 
 +
{{div col}}
 +
* <span id="ice_cream_bean" />[[Ice Cream Bean]] (''Inga edulis'')
 +
* <span id="ilama" />[[Ilama (fruit)|Ilama]] (''Annona diversifolia''; [[Annonaceae]])
 +
* <span id="illawarra palm" />[[Podocarpus elatus|Illawarra Plum]] (''Podocarpus elatus''; [[Podocarpaceae]])
 +
* <span id="imbe" />[[Imbe]] (''Garcinia livingstonei'')
 +
* <span id="indian_almond" />[[Indian almond]]
 +
* <span id="indian_fig" />[[Indian fig]]
 +
* <span id="indian_gooseberry" />[[Indian gooseberry]] (''Phyllanthus emblica/Emblica officinalis''; [[Euphorbiaceae]])
 +
* <span id="indian_jujube" />[[Indian jujube]] (''Ziziphus mauritiana''; [[Rhamnaceae]])
 +
* <span id="indian_prune" />[[Indian prune]] (''[[Flacourtia rukan]]''; [[Flacourtiaceae]])
 +
{{div col end}}
 +
 
 +
===J===
 +
{{div col}}
 +
 
 +
* <span id="jabuticaba" />[[Jabuticaba]] (''Myrciaria cauliflora''; [[Myrtaceae]]), also called [[Brazilian Grape Tree]]
 +
* <span id="jackfruit" />[[Jackfruit]] (''Artocarpus heterophyllus'' [[Moraceae]]), also called ''nangka''
 +
* <span id="jambul" />[[Jambul]] (''Syzygium cumini''; [[Myrtaceae]])
 +
* <span id="japanese_persimmon" />[[Japanese Persimmon]], or Sharon fruit (''Diospyros kaki''; [[Ebenaceae]])
 +
* <span id="jatoba" />[[Jatobá]] (''Hymenae coubaril''; [[Leguminosae]]) [[Caesalpinioideae]])
 +
* <span id="jelly_palm" />[[Jelly Palm]] (''Butia capitata'')
 +
* <span id="jocote" />[[Jocote]], also called Jamaica Plum
 +
* <span id="jujube" />[[Jujube]] (''[[Ziziphus zizyphus]]''; [[Rhamnaceae]])
 +
* Jujube, Chinese, see [[#chinese jujube|Chinese jujube]]
 +
* Jujube, Indiana, see [[#indian jujube|Indian jujube]]
 +
* <span id="juniper_berry" />[[Juniper berry]] (''[[Juniperus]]'' spp.), used for flavoring and in making [[gin]]
 +
{{div col end}}
 +
 
 +
===K===
 +
 
 +
{{div col}}
 +
* <span id="kabosu" />[[Kabosu]] (''Citrus Sphaerocarpa'') [[Rutaceae]]
 +
* <span id="kaffir_lime" />[[Kaffir lime]] (''Citrus hystix'')
 +
* <span id="kahikatea" />[[Kahikatea]] (''Dacrycarpus dacrydioides'')
 +
* <span id="kakadu_lime" />[[Citrus gracilis|Kakadu lime]] (''Citrus gracilis''; [[Rutaceae]])
 +
* <span id="kakadu_palm" />[[Terminalia ferdinandiana|Kakadu plum]] (''Terminalia ferdinandiana''; [[Combretaceae]])
 +
* <span id="kandis" />[[Kandis (fruit)|Kandis]] (''[[Garcinia forbesii]]''; [[Clusiaceae]])
 +
* <span id="kapok" />[[Kapok]] (''Ceiba pentandra''; [[Bombacaceae]])
 +
* <span id="karkalla" />[[Carpobrotus rossii|Karkalla]] (''Carpobrotus rossii''; [[Aizoaceae]])
 +
* <span id="karonda" />[[Karonda]] (''Carissa carandas''; [[Apocynaceae]])
 +
* <span id="kei_apple" />[[Kei apple]] (''[[Dovyalis caffra]]''; [[Flacourtiaceae]])
 +
* <span id="kepel_fruit" />[[Kepel fruit]] (''[[Stelechocarpus burahol]]''; [[Annonaceae]])
 +
* <span id="keule" />[[Keule]] (''[[Gomortega keule]]''; [[Gomortegaceae]])
 +
* <span id="key_lime" />[[Key Lime]] (''Citrus aurantifolia'')
 +
* <span id="kitembilla" />[[Kitembilla]] (''Dovyalis hebecarpa''; [[Flacourtiaceae]])
 +
* Kiwano, see [[#horned melon|horned melon]]
 +
* <span id="kiwifruit" />[[Kiwifruit]] (''Actinida spp.''; [[Actinidiaceae]])
 +
* <span id="korlan" />[[Korlan]]
 +
* <span id="kumquat" />[[Kumquat]] (''Fortunella spp.'')
 +
* Kumquat, meiwa, see [[#meiwa kumquat|meiwa kumquat]]
 +
* Kumquat, nagami, see [[#nagami kumquat|nagami kumquat]]
 +
* <span id="kundong" />[[Kundong (fruit)|Kundong]] (''[[Garcinia]] sp.''; [[Clusiaceae]])
 +
* <span id="kutjera" />[[Solanum centrale|Kutjera]] (''Solanum centrale''; [[Solanaceae]])
 +
* <span id="kwai_muk" />[[Kwai Muk]] (''Artocarpus hypargyraea''; [[Moraceae]])
 +
{{div col end}}
 +
 
 +
===L===
 +
 
 +
{{div col}}
 +
* <span id="lady_apple" />[[Syzygium suborbiculare|Lady apple]] (''Syzygium suborbiculare''; [[Myrtaceae]])
 +
* <span id="lakoocha" />[[Lakoocha]] (''Artocarpus lakoocha''; [[Moraceae]])
 +
* <span id="langsat" />[[Langsat]] (''Lansium domesticum''), also called [[longkong]] or [[duku]]
 +
* <span id="lanzones" />[[Lanzones]] (''Lansium domesticum''; [[Meliaceae]])
 +
* <span id="lapsi" />[[Lapsi (fruit)|Lapsi]] (''Choerospondias axillaris Roxb.'' [[Anacardiaceae]])
 +
* <span id="lardizabala" />[[Lardizabala]] (''[[Lardizabala biternata]]''; [[Lardizabalaceae]])
 +
* <span id="lemon" />[[Lemon]] (''Citrus limon'')
 +
* <span id="lemon_aspen" />[[Acronychia acidula|Lemon aspen]] (''Acronychia acidula''; [[Rutaceae]])
 +
* <span id="leucaena" />[[Leucaena]]
 +
* <span id="lillypilly" />[[Syzygium luehmannii|Lillypilly]] (''Acmena'' spp., ''Syzygium'' spp.) Used raw and in jam
 +
* <span id="little_gooseberry_tree" />[[Buchanania arborescens|Little gooseberry tree]] (''Buchanania arborescens''; [[Anacardiaceae]])
 +
* <span id="lime" />[[Lime (fruit)|Lime]]
 +
* <span id="limeberry" />[[Limeberry]] (''Trifasia trifolia''; [[Rutaceae]])
 +
* <span id="limequat" />[[Limequat]] (''Citrus aurantifolia &times; Fortunella spp.''; [[Rutaceae]])
 +
* <span id="lingonberry" />[[Lingonberry]] (''[[Vaccinium vitis-idaea]]'')
 +
* <span id="loganberry" />[[Loganberry]] (''[[Rubus loganobaccus]]'')
 +
* <span id="longan" />[[Longan]] (''Dimocarpus longan'' or ''Euphoria longana''; [[Sapindaceae]])
 +
* <span id="loquat" />[[Loquat]] (''Eriobotrya japonica''; [[Rosaceae]])
 +
* <span id="louvi" />[[Louvi]] (''Flacourtia inermis''; [[Flacourtaceae]])
 +
* <span id="lucuma" />[[Lucuma|Lúcuma]] (''Pouteria campechiana''; [[Sapotaceae]])
 +
* <span id="lychee" />[[Lychee]] (''Litchi chinensis''; [[Sapindaceae]])
 +
{{div col end}}
 +
 
 +
===M===
 +
 
 +
{{div col}}
 +
* <span id="ma_praang" />[[Ma-praang]] (''Bouea macrophylla''; [[Anacardiaceae]])
 +
* <span id="mabolo" />[[Mabolo]] (''Diospyros discolor''; [[Ebenaceae]]) also known as a [[velvet persimmon]]
 +
* <span id="macadamia" />[[Macadamia]] (''Macadamia integrifolia''; [[Proteaceae]])
 +
* Macadamia, rough shell, see [[#rough shell macadamia|rough shell macadamia]]
 +
* <span id="madrono" />[[Madrono]] (''Rheedia acuminata''; [[Guttiferae]])
 +
* <span id="malabar_plum" />[[Malabar plum]] (''Syzygium jambos''; [[Myrtaceae]])
 +
* <span id="malay_apple" />[[Malay Apple]] (''Syzygium malaccense''; [[Myrtaceae]])
 +
* <span id="mamey" />[[Mamey]] (''Pouteria sapota''; [[Sapotaceae]])
 +
* <span id="mammee_apple" />[[Mammee Apple]] (''Mammea americana''; [[Guttiferae]])
 +
* <span id="mamoncillo" />[[Mamoncillo]] (''Melicoccus bijugatus''; [[Sapindaceae]]), also known as [[quenepa]], [[genip]] or Fijian Longan
 +
* <span id="mandarin" />[[Mandarin (fruit)|Mandarin]] (''Citrus reticulata'')
 +
* <span id="mangaba" />[[Mangaba]] (''[[Hancornia speciosa]]''; [[Apocynaceae]])
 +
* <span id="mango" />[[Mango]] (''Mangifera indica''; [[Anacardiaceae]])
 +
* <span id="mangosteen" />[[Mangosteen]] (''Garcinia mangostana''; [[Guttiferae]])
 +
* <span id="manila_tamarind" />[[Manila tamarind]] (''Pithecellobium dulce''; [[Leguminosae]])
 +
* <span id="manoao" />[[Manoao]] (''Manoao colensoi'')
 +
* <span id="maqui" />[[Aristotelia chilensis|Maqui]] (''[[Aristotelia chilensis]]''; [[Elaeocarpaceae]])
 +
* <span id="marang" />[[Marang]]
 +
* <span id="marula" />[[Marula]] (''Sclerocarya birrea'')
 +
* <span id="mayan_breadnut" />[[Mayan Breadnut|Breadnut, Mayan]] (''[[Brosimum alicastrum]]''; [[Moraceae]])
 +
* <span id="mayapple" />[[Podophyllum|Mayapple]] (''[[Podophyllum]]'' spp.; [[Berberidaceae]])
 +
* Mayhaw, see [[#eastern may hawthorn|Eastern may hawthorn]]
 +
* <span id="maypop" />[[Maypop]] (''Passiflora incarnata''; [[Passifloraceae]])
 +
* <span id="medlar" />[[Mespilus germanica|Medlar]] (''Mespilus germanica'')
 +
 
 +
* <span id="meiwa_kumquat" />[[Meiwa Kumquat]] (''Fortunella japonica''; [[Rutaceae]])
 +
* <span id="melinjo" />[[Melinjo]]
 +
* <span id="melon_pear" />[[Melon pear]]
 +
* <span id="midyim" />[[Austromyrtus dulcis|Midyim]] (''Austromyrtus dulcis''; [[Myrtaceae]])
 +
* <span id="miracle_fruit" />[[Miracle Fruit]] (''Synsepalum dulcificum''; [[Sapotaceae]])
 +
* <span id="mock_strawberry" />[[Mock Strawberry]] or Indian Strawberry (''Potentilla indica''; [[Rosaceae]])
 +
* Mombin, purple, see [[#purple mombin|purple mombin]]
 +
* Mombin, red, see [[#red mombin|red mombin]]
 +
* Mombin, yellow, see [[#yellow mombin|yellow mombin]]
 +
* <span id="monkey_jackruit" />[[Monkey Jackruit]] (''Artocarpus rigidus''; [[Moraceae]])
 +
* <span id="monkey_tamarind" />[[Monkey Tamarind]] (''Inga edulis''; [[Leguminosae]])
 +
* <span id="monstera" />[[Monstera]] (''Monstera deliciosa''; [[Araceae]]) also called [[Swiss Cheese Plant]], [[Split-leaf Philodendron]]
 +
* <span id="montessa_granadilla" />[[Montessa Granadilla]] (''Passiflora platyloba''; [[Passifloraceae]])
 +
* <span id="mora_commun" />[[Mora Común]] (''Rubus adenotrichus''), most common native berry from Mexico to Ecuador<ref>[[#lcoti|Lost Crops of the Incas]], [http://www.nap.edu/openbook.php?record_id=1398&page=217 p. 217]</ref>
 +
* <span id="mora_de_castilla" />[[Mora de Castilla]] (''Rubus glaucus''), a blackberry native to [[South America|South]] and [[Central America]]<ref>[[#lcoti|Lost Crops of the Incas]], [http://www.nap.edu/openbook.php?record_id=1398&page=213 p. 213]</ref>
 +
* <span id="morinda" />[[Morinda]]
 +
* <span id="morinda_citrifolia" />[[Morinda citrifolia]]
 +
* <span id="mortino" />[[Mortiño]], or Andean blueberry (''Vaccinium floribundum''), undomesticated, abundant in the northern [[Andes]]<ref>[[#lcoti|Lost Crops of the Incas]], [http://www.nap.edu/openbook.php?record_id=1398&page=218 p. 218]</ref>
 +
* <span id="mountain_pepper" />[[Tasmannia|Mountain pepper]] (''Tasmannia'' spp.; [[Winteraceae]] )
 +
* <span id="mountain_soursop" />[[Mountain Soursop]] (''Annona montana''; [[Annonaceae]])
 +
* <span id="mulberry" />[[Mulberry]] (''[[Morus (plant)|Morus]]'' spp.; [[Moraceae]]) including [[#black mulberry|black]], [[#red mulberry|red]] and [[#white|white mulberry]]
 +
* Munydjudj, see [[#wild plum|wild plum]]
 +
* <span id="mundu" />[[Mundu (plant)|Mundu]] (''[[Garcinia dulcis]]'')
 +
* <span id="muntries" />[[Kunzea pomifera|Muntries]] (''Kunzea pomifera''; [[Myrtaceae]])
 +
* <span id="muscadine" />[[Muscadine]] (''Vitis rotundifolia''; [[Vitaceae]])
 +
* <span id="muskmelon" />[[Muskmelon]]
 +
{{div col end}}
 +
 
 +
===N===
 +
 
 +
{{div col}}
 +
* <span id="naartjie" />[[Naartjie]] (''Citrus reticulata'', ''[[Citrus nobilis]]'')
 +
* <span id="nagami_kumquat" />[[Nagami Kumquat]] (''Fortunella margarita''; [[Rutaceae]])
 +
* <span id="nageia" />[[Nageia]] (''Nageia'' spp.)
 +
* <span id="nance" />[[Nance]] (''Byrsonima crassifolia''; [[Malpighiaceae]])
 +
* <span id="nannyberry" />[[Nannyberry]] or sheepberry (''[[Viburnum]]'' spp.; [[Caprifoliaceae]])
 +
* <span id="naranjilla" />[[Naranjilla]] (''Solanum quitoense''; [[Solanaceae]])
 +
* <span id="native_currant" />[[Acrotriche depressa|Native currant]] (''Acrotriche depressa''; [[Ericaceae]])
 +
* <span id="native_gooseberry" />[[Physalis minima|Native gooseberry]] (''Physalis minima''; [[Solanaceae]])
 +
* <span id="native_raspberry" />[[Rubus parviflorus|Native raspberry]] (Rubus parviflorus)
 +
* Nectarine, see [[#peach|peach]]
 +
* <span id="neem" />[[Neem]] (''Azadirachta indica''; [[Meliaceae]])
 +
* <span id="nere" />[[Parkia biglobosa|Néré]] (''[[Parkia biglobosa]]'')
 +
* <span id="nonda_plum" />[[Parinari nonda|Nonda plum]] (''Parinari nonda'')
 +
* <span id="noni" />[[Noni]] (''Morinda citrifolia''; [[Rubiaceae]])
 +
* <span id="nungu" />[[Nungu Fruit|Nungu]] (''Borassus flabellifer''; [[Arecaceae]])
 +
* <span id="nutmeg" />[[Nutmeg]] (''Myristica fragrans''; [[Myristicaceae]])
 +
{{div col end}}
 +
 
 +
===O===
 +
 
 +
{{div col}}
 +
* <span id="oil_palm" />[[Oil Palm]] (''Elaeis guineensis''; [[Arecaceae]])
 +
* <span id="olive" />[[Olive]]
 +
* <span id="orange" />[[Orange (fruit)|Orange]], of which there are sweet (''[[Citrus sinensis]]'') and sour (''[[Citrus aurantium]]'') species
 +
* <span id="oregon_grape" />[[Oregon grape]] (''[[Mahonia aquifolium]]''; [[Berberidaceae]])
 +
* <span id="oroblanco" />[[Oroblanco]] ([[Citrus paradisi]]  [[Citrus grandis|C. grandis]]) [[Rutaceae]] (Also called the sweetie)
 +
* <span id="otaheite_gooseberry" />[[Otaheite gooseberry]] (''Phyllanthus acidus''; [[Phyllanthaceae]])
 +
{{div col end}}
 +
 
 +
===P===
 +
{{div col}}
 +
* <span id="palmyra_palm" />[[Palmyra Palm]]/Toddy Palm (''Borassus flabellifer''; [[Arecaceae]])
 +
* <span id="papaya" />[[Papaya]] (''Carica papaya''; [[Caricaceae]])
 +
* <span id="passion_fruit" />[[Passion fruit]] or Granadilla (''[[Passiflora edulis]]'' and other ''[[Passiflora]]'' spp.; [[Passifloraceae]])
 +
* <span id="pawpaw" />[[Asimina triloba|Pawpaw]] (''Asimina triloba''; [[Annonaceae]], not to be confused with [[Papaya]] (''Carica papaya''; [[Caricaceae]]), which is called pawpaw in some English dialects)
 +
* <span id="peach" />[[Peach]] (of the normal and white variety) and its variant the [[nectarine]] (''[[Prunus persica]]'')
 +
* <span id="peach_palm" />[[Peach palm]] (''Bactris gasipaes''; [[Arecaceae]])
 +
* <span id="peanut" />[[Peanut]] (''Arachis hypogaea''; [[Fabaceae]])
 +
* <span id="peanut_butter_fruit" />[[Peanut butter fruit]] (''Bunchosia argentea''; [[Malpighiaceae]])
 +
* <span id="pear" />[[Pear]], European and Asian species (''[[Pyrus]]'')
 +
* <span id="pecan" />[[Pecan]] (''Carya illinoinensis'' or ''illinoensis''; [[Juglandaceae]])
 +
* <span id="pepino" />[[Pepino]] (''Solanum muricatum'')
 +
* <span id="pequi" />[[Pequi]] (''Caryocar brasiliensis''; [[Caryocaraceae]])
 +
* <span id="persian_lime" />[[Persian lime]] Also known as tahiti lime.
 +
* Persimmon, American, see [[#american persimmon|American persimmon]]
 +
* Persimmon, oriental, see [[#oriental persimmon|Oriental persimmon]]
 +
* <span id="peumo" />[[Cryptocarya alba|Peumo]] (''[[Cryptocarya alba]]''; [[Lauraceae]])
 +
* <span id="phalsa" />[[Phalsa]] (''Grewia subinaequalis''; [[Tiliaceae]])
 +
* <span id="pigeon_pea" />[[Pigeon pea]]
 +
* <span id="pigeon_plum" />[[Coccoloba diversifolia|Pigeon plum]] (''Coccoloba diversifolia''; [[Polygonaceae]])
 +
* <span id="pigface" />[[Carpobrotus glaucescens|Pigface]] (''Carpobrotus glaucescens''; [[Aizoaceae]])
 +
* <span id="pili_nut" />[[Pili Nut]] (''Canarium ovatum''; [[Burseraceae]])
 +
* <span id="pindo_palm" />[[Pindo Palm]] (''Butia Capitata''; [[Arecaceae]])
 +
* <span id="pineapple" />[[Pineapple]] (''Ananas comosus'' ; [[Bromeliaceae]])
 +
* <span id="pineapple_guava" />[[Pineapple guava]] (''Feijoa sellowiana''; [[Myrtaceae]])
 +
* <span id="pink_flowered_native_raspberry" />[[Rubus parvifolius|Pink-flowered Native Raspberry]] (''Rubus parvifolius''; [[Rosaceae]])
 +
* <span id="pistachio" />[[Pistachio]] (''Pistacia vera''; [[Anacardiaceae]])
 +
* Pitaya, see [[#dragon fruit|Dragon fruit]]
 +
* <span id="pitomba" />[[Eugenia luschnathiana|Pitomba]] (''[[Eugenia luschnathiana]]'' or ''[[Talisia esculenta]]'')
 +
* <span id="plum" />[[Plum]], of which there are several domestic and wild species; dried plums are called '''[[prunes]]'''
 +
* <span id="pois_doux" />[[Pois doux]] (''[[Inga edulis]]'', ''[[ice-cream bean]]'', or ''[[inga-cipó]]'' in Portuguese)
 +
* <span id="pomegranate" />[[Pomegranate]] (''[[Punica granatum]]''; [[Punicaceae]])
 +
* <span id="pomelo" />[[Pomelo]] (also known as the shaddock) (''Citrus maxima'')
 +
* <span id="pommecythere" />[[Pommecythère]] or pomcité (''[[Spondias cytherea]]''); also known as [[golden apple]], [[June plum]] or [[Jew plum]] and [[ambarella]], and as [[cajamanga]] in Portuguese
 +
* <span id="pommerac" />[[Pommerac]] (''[[Eugenia malaccensis]]''); also known as [[Otaheite apple]]; Malay apple; jambo in Portuguese
 +
* <span id="pond_apple" />Pond-apple (''[[Annona glabra]]''; [[Annonaceae]]) Also called Alligator-apple and Monkey-apple
 +
* <span id="prickly_pear" />[[Opuntia|Prickly pear]] (''Opuntia spp.''; [[Cactaceae]]) used as both a fruit and vegetable depending on part of plant.
 +
* <span id="pulasan" />[[Pulasan]] (''Nephelium mutabile''; [[Sapindaceae]])
 +
* <span id="pummelo" />[[Pummelo]] (''Citrus grandis''; [[Rutaceae]])
 +
* <span id="pupunha" />[[Pupunha]] (''Bactris gasipaes''; [[Arecaceae]]); also known as ''Peach Plum'' or ''Pewa''
 +
* <span id="purple_apple_berry" />[[Billarderia longiflora|Purple apple-berry]] (''Billarderia longiflora''; [[Pittosporaceae]])
 +
* <span id="purple_granadilla" />[[Purple granadilla]] (''Passiflora edulis f edulis''; [[Passifloraceae]])
 +
* <span id="purple_guava" />[[Purple Guava]] (''[[Psidium rufum]]''; [[Myrtaceae]])
 +
* <span id="purple_mombin" />[[Purple Mombin]] (''Spondias purpurea''; [[Anacardiaceae]])
 +
{{div col end}}
 +
 
 +
===Q===
 +
 
 +
{{div col}}
 +
* <span id="quandong" />[[Santalum acuminatum|Quandong]] (''Santalum acuminatum''; [[Santalaceae]])
 +
* <span id="queensland_ebony" />[[Queensland Ebony]] (''Diospyros humilis'')
 +
* <span id="quince" />[[Quince]] (''[[Quince|Cydonia oblonga]]'' and ''[[Chaenomeles]]'')
 +
{{div col end}}
 +
 
 +
===R===
 +
 
 +
{{div col}}
 +
* <span id="raisin_tree" />[[Raisin tree]] (''Hovenia dulcis'', [[Rhamnaceae]]) Also called [[Japanese Raisin Tree]]
 +
* <span id="rambutan" />[[Rambutan]] (''Nephelium lappaceum''; [[Sapindaceae]])
 +
* <span id="raspberry" />[[Raspberry]], several species (genus ''Rubus'')
 +
* <span id="red_granadilla" />[[Red granadilla]] (''Passiflora coccinea''; [[Passifloraceae]])* [[Red Mombin]] (''Spondias purpurea''; [[Anacardiaceae]])
 +
* <span id="red_mombin" />[[Red Mombin]] (''Spondias purpurea''; [[Anacardiaceae]])
 +
* <span id="red_mulberry" />[[Red Mulberry]] (''[[Morus rubra]]'')
 +
* <span id="rhubarb" />[[Rhubarb]] (''Rheum rhaponticum''; [[Polygonaceae]])
 +
* <span id="riberry" />[[Riberry]] (''Syzygium luehmannii''; [[Myrtaceae]]), also called [[Syzygium luehmannii|Lilly Pilly]], [[Syzygium luehmannii|Lillipilli]], [[Syzygium luehmannii|Chinese Apple]]
 +
* <span id="rimu" />[[Rimu]] (''Dacrydium cupressinum'')
 +
* <span id="rollinia" />[[Rollinia]] (''Rollinia mucosa''; [[Annonaceae]])
 +
* <span id="rose_apple" />[[Rose Apple]] (''Syzygium jambos''; [[Myrtaceae]])
 +
* <span id="rose_hip" />[[Rose hip]], the fruitlike base of roses (''[[Rose|Rosa]]''); used mostly for [[jam]]s and [[herbal teas]]
 +
* <span id="rose_leaf_bramble" />[[Rubus rosifolius|Rose-leaf Bramble]] (''Rubus rosifolius''; [[Rosaceae]])
 +
* <span id="rose_myrtle" />[[Archirhodomyrtus beckleri|Rose myrtle]] (''Archirhodomyrtus beckleri''; [[Myrtaceae]])
 +
* <span id="rough_shell_macadamia" />[[Rough Shell Macadamia]] (''Macadamia tetraphylla''; [[Proteaceae]])
 +
* <span id="rowan" />[[Rowan]] (''[[Sorbus]]'')
 +
{{div col end}}
 +
 
 +
===S===
 +
 
 +
{{div col}}
 +
* <span id="safou" />[[Safou]] (''Dacryodes edulis''), also called ''atanga'' or ''butterfruit''
 +
* <span id="sagaretia" />[[Sageretia theezans|Sageretia]] (''Sageretia theezans''; [[Rhamnaceae]]) Also called Mock Buckthorn.
 +
* <span id="saguaro" />[[Saguaro]] (''Carnegiea gigantea''; [[Cactaceae]])
 +
* <span id="salak" />[[Salak]] (''Salacca edulis''; [[Arecaceae]]), also called [[snakefruit]] or ''cobrafruit''
 +
* <span id="salal" />[[Salal]] (''Gaultheria shallon''; [[Ericaceae]])
 +
* <span id="salmonberry" />[[Salmonberry]] (''[[Rubus spectabilis]]'')
 +
* <span id="sandpaper_fig" />[[Ficus coronata|Sandpaper Fig]] (''Ficus coronata''; [[Moraceae]])
 +
* <span id="santol" />[[Santol (fruit)|Santol]] (''Sandoricum koetjape''; [[Meliaceae]])
 +
* Sapote, see [[#mamey|mamey]]
 +
* <span id="sapodilla" />[[Sapodilla]] (''Manilkara zapota''; [[Sapotaceae]]), also called [[chiku]], [[Sapodilla|mespel]], [[naseberry]], [[sapadilla]], [[snake fruit]], [[sawo]]
 +
* Satinash, fibrous, see [[#fibrous_satinash#fibrous satinash]]
 +
* <span id="saskatoonberry" />[[Saskatoonberry]] (''Amelanchier alnifolia'', [[Rosaceae]])
 +
* <span id="saw_palmetto" />[[Serenoa|Saw Palmetto]] (''Serenoa repens''; [[Arecaceae]])
 +
* <span id="sea_buckthorn" />[[Sea-buckthorn]] (''[[Hippophae rhamnoides]]''; [[Elaeagnaceae]])
 +
* <span id="sea_grape" />[[Sea Grape]] (''Coccoloba uvifera''; [[Polygonaceae]])
 +
* <span id="serviceberry" />[[Amelanchier|Serviceberry]] or Saskatoon (''[[Amelanchier]]'')
 +
* <span id="shipova" />[[Shipova]] (''[[× Sorbopyrus auricularis]]'')
 +
* <span id="small_leaf_tamarind" />[[Diploglottis campbellii|Small-leaf tamarind]] (''Diploglottis campbellii''; [[Sapindaceae]])
 +
* <span id="snowberry" />[[Gaultheria hispida|Snow berry]] (''Gaultheria hispida''; [[Ericaceae]])
 +
* <span id="soncoya" />[[Soncoya]] (''Annona diversifolia''; [[Annonaceae]])
 +
* <span id="sorbus" />[[Sorbus|Service tree]] (''[[Sorbus domestica]]''), bears a fruit known as a sorb or sorb apple
 +
* <span id="soursop" />[[Soursop]] (''Annona muricata''; [[Annonaceae]]), also called [[guanabana]]
 +
* <span id="southern_crabapple" />[[Malus angustifolia|Southern Crabapple]] (''Malus angustifolia''; [[Rosaceae]])
 +
* <span id="spanish_lime" />[[Spanish lime]] (''Melicoccus bijugatus''; [[Sapindaceae]])
 +
* <span id="spanish_tamarind" />[[Spanish tamarind]] (''Vangueria madagascariensis'')
 +
* <span id="spiny_monkey_orange" />[[Strychnos spinosa|Spiny Monkey-orange]] (''Strychnos spinosa'')
 +
* <span id="star_apple" />[[Star Apple]] (''Chrysophyllum cainito''; [[Chrysobalanaceae]]), also called [[Chrysophyllum cainito|caimito]] or ''caimite''
 +
* Starfruit, see [[#carambola|carambola]]
 +
* <span id="strawberry" />[[Fragaria|Strawberry]] (''Fragaria'')
 +
* <span id="strawberry_guava" />[[Strawberry Guava]] (''Psidium littorale''; [[Myrtaceae]])
 +
* Strawberry myrtle, see [[#ugni|ugni]]
 +
* <span id="strawberry_pear" />[[Strawberry Pear]]
 +
* <span id="sugar_apple" />[[Sugar Apple]] (''Annona squamosa''; [[Annonaceae]]); ata in Portuguese
 +
* <span id="suriman_cherry" />[[Surinam Cherry]] (''Eugenia uniflora''; [[Myrtaceae]]) also called [[Brazilian Cherry]], [[Cayenne Cherry]], [[Surinam Cherry|Pitanga]]
 +
* <span id="sweet_apple_berry" />[[Billarderia cymosa|Sweet apple-berry]] (''Billarderia cymosa''; [[Pittosporaceae]])
 +
* <span id="sweet_granadilla" />[[Sweet Granadilla]] (''Passiflora ligularis''; [[Passifloraceae]])
 +
* <span id="sweet_lemon" />[[Citrus limetta|Sweet Lemon]] (''Citrus limetta'')
 +
* <span id="sweet_orange" />[[Sweet orange]]
 +
* <span id="sweet_pepper" />[[Sweet pepper]]
 +
* <span id="sweetsop" />[[Sweetsop]] (''Annona squamosa''; [[Annonaceae]]) also called Sugar Apple
 +
* <span id="sycamore_fig" />[[Sycamore fig]] ([[Ficus sycomorus]]. [[Moraceae]]) also called [[old world sycomore]] or just [[sycomore]].
 +
{{div col end}}
 +
 
 +
===T===
 +
 
 +
{{div col}}
 +
* <span id="tahitian_apple" />[[Spondias dulcis|Tahitian apple]] (''Spondias dulcis'')
 +
* <span id="tamarillo" />[[Tamarillo]] or Tree Tomato (''Cyphomandra betacea''; [[Solanaceae]])
 +
* <span id="tamarind" />[[Tamarind]] (''Tamarindus indica''; [[Leguminosae]])
 +
* Tamarind, Manila, see [[#manila tamarind|Manila tamarind]]
 +
* Tamarind, monkey, see [[#monkey tamarind|monkey tamarind]]
 +
* Tamarind, velvet, see [[#velvet tamarind|velvet tamarind]]
 +
* <span id="tangerine" />[[Tangerine]], and similar
 +
* <span id="tanjong" />[[Mimusops elengi|Tanjong]] (''Mimusops elengi''; [[Sapindaceae]])
 +
* <span id="texas_persimmon" />[[Diospyros texana|Texas Persimmon]] (''Diospyros texana''; [[Ebenaceae]])
 +
* <span id="thimbleberry" />[[Thimbleberry]] (''[[Rubus parviflorus]]'')
 +
* <span id="totara" />[[Tōtara]] (''Podocarpus totara'')
 +
* <span id="toyon" />[[Toyon]] (''Heteromeles arbutifolia''; [[Rosaceae]])
 +
* <span id="tropical_almond" />[[Tropical Almond]] (''[[Terminalia catappa]]''; [[Combretaceae]])
 +
{{div col end}}
 +
 
 +
===U===
 +
 
 +
{{div col}}
 +
* <span id="ugni" />[[Ugni molinae|Ugni]] (''[[Ugni molinae]]''; [[Myrtaceae]])
 +
{{div col end}}
 +
 
 +
===V===
 +
 
 +
{{div col}}
 +
* <span id="vanilla" />[[Vanilla]] (''Vanilla planifolia''; [[Orchidaceae]])
 +
* <span id="velvet_tamarind" />[[Velvet Tamarind]] (''Dialium indum''; [[Leguminosae]])
 +
{{div col end}}
 +
 
 +
 
 +
* [[Wampee]] (''Clausena lansium''; [[Rutaceae]])
 +
* [[Water Apple]] (''Syzygium aqueum''; [[Myrtaceae]])
 +
* [[Watermelon]] (''Citrullus lanatus'')
 +
* [[Wax Gourd]], or winter melon (''Benincasa hispida'')
 +
* [[Wax jambu]] (''Syzygium samarangense''; [[Myrtaceae]])
 +
* West Indian cherry, see [[#acerola|acerola]]
 +
* [[Acronychia oblongifolia|White aspen]] (''Acronychia oblongifolia''; [[Rutaceae]])
 +
* [[White Mulberry]] (''[[Morus alba]]'')
 +
* [[White Sapote]] (''Casimiroa edulis''; [[Rutaceae]])
 +
* Whortleberry, see [[#bilberry|bilberry]]
 +
* [[Ampelocissus acetosa|Wild grape]] (''Ampelocissus acetosa'')
 +
* [[Capparis mitchelii|Wild orange]] (''Capparis mitchellii''; [[Capparaceae]])
 +
* [[Terminalia carpentariae|Wild peach]] (''Terminalia carpentariae'')
 +
* [[Buchanania obovata|Wild plum (munydjudj)]] (''Buchanania obovata'')
 +
* [[Santalum lanceolatum|Wild plum]] (''Santalum lanceolatum'')
 +
* [[Wild Mangosteen]] (''Garcinia indica'')
 +
* [[Wineberry (United States)|Wineberry]] (''[[Rubus phoenicolasius]]'')
 +
* [[Wolfberry]] (''[[Lycium barbarum]]'', ''[[Lycium]]'' spp.; [[Solanaceae]])
 +
* [[Manilkara kaukii|Wongi]] (''Manilkara kaukii''; [[Sapotaceae]])
 +
* [[Limonia (plant)|Wood Apple]] (''Feronia limonia''; [[Rutaceae]])
 +
* Yangmei (''[[Myrica rubra]]''; [[Myricaceae]])
 +
* [[Yantok]], or rattan fruit (''Calamus manillensis'')
 +
* [[Yellow Granadilla]] (''Passiflora edulis f flavicarpa''; [[Passifloraceae]])
 +
* [[Yellow Mombin]] (''Spondias mombin''; [[Anacardiaceae]])
 +
* [[Ximenia americana|Yellow plum]] (''Ximenia americana''; [[Olacaceae]])
 +
* [[Youngberry]]
 +
*[[Melodorum leichhardtii|Zig Zag Vine]] (''Melodurum leichhardtii''; [[Annonaceae]])
 +
* Ziziphus, see [[#jujube|Jujube]]
  
 
== See also ==
 
== See also ==

Revision as of 13:51, 2 August 2012

Fruits are parts of flowering plants that are derived from specific tissues of the flower, mainly one or more ovaries. Fruits are characterized by their sweet taste, moderatly high calorie contents (ie 100-150 kcal/100grams) and low protein content. The definition on what is and what is not a fruit varies[1] but we will disregard plant parts with low caloric contents (ie tomato, tomatillo, ...).

List of fruits

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Q

R

S

T

U

V


See also