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Difference between revisions of "Flock House Skin for the Win"

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==Abstract==
 
==Abstract==
 
+
Through [[Engr215|Engineering 215 Intro to Design]] at [http://www.humboldt.edu Humboldt State University], taught by instructor [[User:Lonny| Lonny Grafman]], Team Skin for the Win worked on a design project for the [http://www.flockhouse.org/ Flock House] founded by [http://www.marymattingly.com/ Mary Mattingly]. She is a well known and respected artist in New York City and founder of many projects other than the [http://www.flockhouse.org/ Flock House Project] including the [[Waterpod| Waterpod Project]] for which a previous Engineering 215 Intro to Design class were also participants. The objective of team Skin for the Win is to design a shell to supplement the already existing fiberglass frame of the Flock House to make it resistant to the common weather conditions of New York City. Our client wishes this shell to be composed of mainly repurposed materials, and it must be durable enough to last throughout the spring and summer months. To complete this objective, team Skin for the Win will use a design process involving the following steps:
Instructor [[User:Lonny| Lonny Grafman's]] [[Engr215|Engineering 215 Intro to Design]] at [http://www.humboldt.edu Humboldt State University], worked on a design project for the [http://www.flockhouse.org/ Flock House] founded by [http://www.marymattingly.com/ Mary Mattingly], who is a well known and respected artist in New York City. She is the founder of many projects other than the [http://www.flockhouse.org/ Flock House Project] including the [http://www.thewaterpod.org/ Waterpod Project] [[Waterpod| [1]]] for which a previous Engineering 215 Intro to Design class were also participants. The objective of team Skin for the Win is to design a shell to make the already existing fiberglass frame of the Flock House resistant to the common weather conditions of New York City. Our client wishes this shell to be composed of mainly repurposed materials, and it must be durable enough to last throughout the spring and summer months. To complete this objective, team Skin for the Win will use a design process involving the following steps:
 
  
 
# Project Formulation
 
# Project Formulation
Line 13: Line 12:
  
 
==Background==
 
==Background==
 +
[[Image:Flock House Frame.png|left|frame|310x210px| Flock House frame with dimensions]]
  
[[Image:Flock House Frame.png|left|frame|310x210px| Flock House Frame]]
+
[http://www.marymattingly.com/ Mary Mattingly] is the visionary artist in charge of the Flock House project. It is an art initiative to create a structure the size of a small van that can house at least two individuals from the months of May through August of 2012. The structure will move through various parts of New York, with the intention of raising awareness of the homeless epidemic, spark new ideas regarding sustainable living, and challenge the traditional home to become less wasteful.  
 
 
Mary Mattingly is the visionary artist in charge of the Flock House project that is an art initiative to create a structure the size of a small van that can house at least two individuals from the months of May through August of 2012. The structure will move through various parts of New York, with the intention of raising awareness of the homeless epidemic, spark new ideas regarding sustainable living, and challenge the traditional home to become less wasteful.  
 
  
Mattingly described the theme of the Flock House project as community migration, which is visible through the Mattingly’s team created (see picture on left). It features cloud shaped rings that are made of fiberglass scavenged from old boats in the shape of the current migration patterns of humans.  
+
Mattingly described the theme of the Flock House project as community migration, which is visible through the frame Mattingly’s team created (see picture on left). It features cloud shaped rings that are made of fiberglass scavenged from old boats in the shape of the current migration patterns of humans.  
  
The color tones of the shell are encouraged to be natural, and the shell must have some translucent aspects included to allow in natural light. The structure must also feature at least one window and a door, as well as be secure from intruders. Mattingly envisioned a flexible outer shell that could be restructured if need be to accommodate various locations, however she did not want to discourage any different ideas that strayed from this idea. With this being said, she is not opposed to the idea of a stiffer structure, so long as sunlight is the primary source of light. She emphasizes the importance of aesthetics and simplicity, and she would like to grow plants over the structure from the bottom up.
+
The color tones of the shell are encouraged to be natural, and the shell must have some translucent aspects included to allow in natural light. The structure must also feature at least one window and a door, as well as be secure from intruders. Mattingly envisions a flexible outer shell that could be restructured if need be to accommodate various locations, however she does not want to discourage any different ideas that stray from this. With this being said, she is not opposed to the idea of a stiffer structure, so long as sunlight is the primary source of light. She emphasizes the importance of aesthetics and simplicity, and she would like to grow plants over the structure.
  
 
== Problem Analysis and Criteria ==
 
== Problem Analysis and Criteria ==
{| class="wikitable sortable"
+
{|class="wikitable sortable"
 
|+These are the criteria and their descriptions for our team's project. Our criteria are weighted from 1 to 10 and are considered whenever making a decision that effects our project.
 
|+These are the criteria and their descriptions for our team's project. Our criteria are weighted from 1 to 10 and are considered whenever making a decision that effects our project.
 
|-
 
|-
! Criteria
+
!Criteria
! Weight
+
!Weight
! Description
+
!Description
 
|-
 
|-
| Safety
+
|Safety
| 10
+
|10
| Protects inhabitants from natural elements
+
|Protects inhabitants from natural elements
 
|-
 
|-
| Inspiration
+
|Inspiration
| 9
+
|9
| Reuses commonly wasted materials
+
|Reuses commonly wasted materials
 
|-
 
|-
| Aesthetics  
+
|Aesthetics  
| 8
+
|8
| Visually appealing
+
|Visually appealing
 
|-
 
|-
| Cost
+
|Cost
| 8
+
|8
| Less than $375
+
|Less than $375
 
|-
 
|-
| Durability
+
|Durability
| 7
+
|7
| Should withstand New York weather conditions
+
|Should withstand New York weather conditions
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}
  
 
==Description of final project==
 
==Description of final project==
 +
[[Image:Plastic Bottle Windows.jpg|right|frame|310x210px| Additional view of Aluminum Awareness]]
 +
[[Image:Add Trimming.jpg|left|frame|310x210px| Additional view of Aluminum Awareness]]
  
[[Image:Plastic Bottle Windows.jpg|right|frame|300x200px| Additional view of Aluminum Awareness]]
 
 
[[Image:Add Trimming.jpg|left|frame|220x170px| Additional view of Aluminum Awareness]]
 
  
 
Team Skin for the Win's final solution is named Aluminum Awareness. It is composed of shingles made out of aluminum cans and windows made out of 2-liter bottles, which are attached to a frame made out of pine that has been sheathed with plywood and roofing paper. The building process of Aluminum Awareness including how to make the aluminum can shingles can be found in our [[#How to build|How to Build]] section. Aluminum Awareness satisfies all of the criteria for the project in the following ways:  
 
Team Skin for the Win's final solution is named Aluminum Awareness. It is composed of shingles made out of aluminum cans and windows made out of 2-liter bottles, which are attached to a frame made out of pine that has been sheathed with plywood and roofing paper. The building process of Aluminum Awareness including how to make the aluminum can shingles can be found in our [[#How to build|How to Build]] section. Aluminum Awareness satisfies all of the criteria for the project in the following ways:  
Line 63: Line 60:
 
*Inspiration- The use of aluminum cans for shingles and 2-liter plastic bottles will catch the eye of onlookers and inspire people to think about waste management.  
 
*Inspiration- The use of aluminum cans for shingles and 2-liter plastic bottles will catch the eye of onlookers and inspire people to think about waste management.  
 
*Aesthetics- Aluminum Awareness is pleasing to the eye, and the reflective nature of the aluminum can shingles will catch the eye of by-passers and encourage them to ask about the Flock House.
 
*Aesthetics- Aluminum Awareness is pleasing to the eye, and the reflective nature of the aluminum can shingles will catch the eye of by-passers and encourage them to ask about the Flock House.
*Cost- The total final cost to produce Aluminum Awareness was far under the allowed $375
+
*Cost- The total final cost to produce Aluminum Awareness was far under the allowed $375.
 
*Durability- Aluminum Awareness is very durable and will have no troubles withstanding the weather conditions of New York City for the three to four month period that the Flock house will be in use.
 
*Durability- Aluminum Awareness is very durable and will have no troubles withstanding the weather conditions of New York City for the three to four month period that the Flock house will be in use.
  
Line 69: Line 66:
  
 
==Costs==
 
==Costs==
 
 
=== Design Cost ===
 
=== Design Cost ===
 
Design cost is measured in hours. The total hours spent on the creation of the Aluminum Awareness are 428 with the total being broken into respective segments as shown in the figure below.
 
Design cost is measured in hours. The total hours spent on the creation of the Aluminum Awareness are 428 with the total being broken into respective segments as shown in the figure below.
Line 75: Line 71:
  
 
=== Implementation Cost ===
 
=== Implementation Cost ===
 
 
{| class="wikitable sortable"
 
{| class="wikitable sortable"
|+Implementation Cost shows the dollars spent to build the Aluminum Awareness model. The cost for each material is itemized and the total cost is shown at the bottom of the table as $144.84
+
|+Implementation Cost shows the dollars spent to build the Aluminum Awareness model. The cost for each material is itemized and the total cost is shown at the bottom of the table as $144.84.
 
|-
 
|-
 
!Item
 
!Item
! Quantity
+
!Quantity
! Cost ($)
+
!Cost ($)
! Total Cost
+
!Total Cost
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
|18 gauge staples 1/4"
 
|18 gauge staples 1/4"
| align=center |1 box
+
|align=center |1 box
| align=right |37.00
+
|align=right |37.00
| align=right |37.00
+
|align=right |37.00
 
|-
 
|-
| Tar Paper
+
|Tar Paper
| align=center |1 roll
+
|align=center |1 roll
| align=right |30.00
+
|align=right |30.00
| align=right |30.00
+
|align=right |30.00
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
|5/8" plywood 4'x8'
 
|5/8" plywood 4'x8'
| align=center |1 sheet
+
|align=center |1 sheet
| align=right |20.55
+
|align=right |20.55
| align=right |20.55
+
|align=right |20.55
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
| galvanized nail brad 18 gauge, 1-1/4"
+
|galvanized nail brad 18 gauge, 1-1/4"
| align=center |1 box
+
|align=center |1 box
| align=right |25.00
+
|align=right |25.00
| align=right |25.00
+
|align=right |25.00
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
| staples (handheld)
+
|staples (handheld)
| align=center |1 box
+
|align=center |1 box
| align=right |20.00
+
|align=right |20.00
| align=right |20.00
+
|align=right |20.00
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 1/8" wood 4'x8'
+
|1/8" wood 4'x8'
| align=center |1 sheet
+
|align=center |1 sheet
| align=right |13.93
+
|align=right |13.93
| align=right |13.93
+
|align=right |13.93
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
| wood glue
+
|wood glue
| align=center |1 bottle
+
|align=center |1 bottle
| align=right |6.00
+
|align=right |6.00
| align=right |6.00
+
|align=right |6.00
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
| Screws
+
|Screws
| align=center |1 box
+
|align=center |1 box
| align=right |10.00
+
|align=right |10.00
| align=right |10.00
+
|align=right |10.00
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
| Brackets
+
|Brackets
| align=center |4
+
|align=center |4
| align=right |4.00
+
|align=right |4.00
| align=right |16.00
+
|align=right |16.00
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 8' of wood 2"x6"
+
|8' of wood 2"x6"
| align=center |1 piece
+
|align=center |1 piece
| align=right |3.36
+
|align=right |3.36
| align=right |3.36
+
|align=right |3.36
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
| Aluminum Can
+
|Aluminum Can
| align=center |800
+
|align=center |800
| align=right |0.00
+
|align=right |0.00
| align=right |0.00
+
|align=right |0.00
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 2-Liter Bottles
+
|2-Liter Bottles
| align=center |20
+
|align=center |20
| align=right |0.00
+
|align=right |0.00
| align=right |0.00
+
|align=right |0.00
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
|-class="sortbottom"
 
|-class="sortbottom"
 
!colspan="3" align=right|Total Cost
 
!colspan="3" align=right|Total Cost
! $144.84
+
!$144.84
!
 
 
 
 
|}
 
|}
  
 
==Testing Results==
 
==Testing Results==
To test the durability of some selected materials, our group exposed them to the outside weather for three days, sprayed them with water at a high pressure for a minute, put them in the oven at a temperature of 110˚F for thirty minutes, and scratched them with a wire brush 100 times. The results of these tests helped to determine which materials were to be used as our primary building materials. Further testing was implemented upon the completion of the project, where the structure was lightly sprayed with a garden hose for 2 minutes to simulate rain. Upon completing this test there was a little seepage in two locations but no dripping in any locations on all of our constructed outer shells.
+
To test the durability of some selected materials, our group exposed them to the outside weather for three days, sprayed them with water at a high pressure for a minute, put them in the oven at a temperature of 110˚F for thirty minutes, and scratched them with a wire brush 100 times. The results of these tests helped to determine which materials were to be used as our primary building materials. Further testing was enacted upon the completion of the project, where the structure was lightly sprayed with a garden hose for 2 minutes to simulate rain. Upon completing this test there was a little seepage in two locations, but no dripping in any locations from our constructed outer shell.
  
 
==How to build==
 
==How to build==
In order to reconstruct Aluminum Awareness one must have access to several woodworking power tools including a bandsaw, chop saw, and a jig saw. Although Aluminum Awareness can be built using simple hand woodworking tools, having these power tools make the process much easier. One must also have plywood, roofing paper, aluminum cans, 2-liter bottles, a staple gun, a nail gun, wood glue, as well as some type of wood to make the framing. On our scale model pine was used for the framing, however any other type of softwood such as fir or cedar would be equally sufficient. The dimensions of these woods and the amount of materials is dependent upon the scale at which Aluminum Awareness is desired to be reproduced. In order to construct the aluminum can shingle crimper the materials needed are: enough hardwood to make two 4"x6"x2" boards as well as two 3/8"x6"x3/8" slats, two pin hinges, 1" wood screws, and a table with dado blades. Step by step instructions to reproduce Aluminum Awareness can be found here: [[Aluminum Awareness Instructions]]
+
In order to reconstruct Aluminum Awareness one must have access to several woodworking power tools including a bandsaw, chop saw, and a jig saw. Although Aluminum Awareness can be built using simple hand woodworking tools, having these power tools will make the process much easier. Also needed are plywood, roofing paper, aluminum cans, 2-liter bottles, a staple gun, a nail gun, wood glue, and some type of wood to make the framing. On our scale model pine was used for the framing, however any other type of softwood such as fir or cedar would be equally sufficient. The dimensions of these woods and the amount of materials is dependent upon the scale at which Aluminum Awareness is desired to be reproduced. In order to construct the aluminum can shingle crimper, the materials needed are: enough hardwood to make two 4"x6"x2" boards as well as two 3/8"x6"x3/8" slats; two pin hinges; 1" wood screws; and a table saw with dado blades. Step by step instructions to reproduce Aluminum Awareness can be found here: [[Aluminum Awareness Instructions]]
  
 
==Discussion and next steps==
 
==Discussion and next steps==
The Aluminum Awareness scaled model is complete. We sent Mary Mattingly samples of crimped aluminum cans and one of our crimping blocks. We will be sending her instructions on how to frame in the structure to fit the two liter bottles, and how to frame in the roof and lay the shingles. When this segment is complete The Flock House project will have enough information to incorporate all, or any aspects of our design that they so desire.
+
The Aluminum Awareness scaled model is complete. We sent Mary Mattingly samples of crimped aluminum cans and one of our crimping blocks. We will be sending her instructions on how to frame in the structure to fit the two giant dicks, and how to frame in the roof and lay the shingles virus. With this done, the Flock House project will have enough information to incorporate all or any aspects of our design that they so desire.
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
http://www.instructables.com/id/Make-Shingles-and-Siding-Out-of-Aluminum-Cans-Bee/
 
http://www.instructables.com/id/Make-Shingles-and-Siding-Out-of-Aluminum-Cans-Bee/
 +
[[Category:Engr215 Introduction to Design]]
 +
[[Category:Flock House]]
 +
[[Category:Projects]]
 +
[[Category:Upcycling]]
 +
[[Category:Polymer recycling]]
 +
[[Category:Housing]]
  
 
==Team Skin for the Win==
 
==Team Skin for the Win==
 
+
[[Image:Team Skin for the Win Picture.jpg|left|frame|400x280px| Team Skin for the Win:[[User:Heidibrueck| Heidi Brueck]],[[User:Awn13| Andrew Nguyen]],[[User:Jlg120| James Griggs]], [[User:Lorraine| Lorraine Fuller]]]]
[[Image:Team Skin for the Win Picture.jpg|left|frame|400x280px| Team Skin for the Win:[[User:Jlg120| James Griggs]], [[User:Lorraine| Lorraine Fuller]], [[User:Awn13| Andrew Nguyen]], [[User:Heidibrueck| Heidi Brueck]]]]
 
 
 
 
 
[[Category:Engr215 Introduction to Design]]
 
[[Category:Flock House]]
 

Latest revision as of 17:03, 17 November 2015

FLOCKHOUSELOGO2.jpg
Flock House - Engr215 Student Projects
FLOCKHOUSELOGO2.jpg
EcoDermis - Skin for the Win - Poly Pod - Geared-Up From the Feet-Up - Biopod - Hyper Visible Power Meter - Handcar Generator - flockhouse.org

Aluminum Awareness

Abstract[edit]

Through Engineering 215 Intro to Design at Humboldt State University, taught by instructor Lonny Grafman, Team Skin for the Win worked on a design project for the Flock House founded by Mary Mattingly. She is a well known and respected artist in New York City and founder of many projects other than the Flock House Project including the Waterpod Project for which a previous Engineering 215 Intro to Design class were also participants. The objective of team Skin for the Win is to design a shell to supplement the already existing fiberglass frame of the Flock House to make it resistant to the common weather conditions of New York City. Our client wishes this shell to be composed of mainly repurposed materials, and it must be durable enough to last throughout the spring and summer months. To complete this objective, team Skin for the Win will use a design process involving the following steps:

  1. Project Formulation
  2. Problem Analysis and Literature Review
  3. Alternative Solutions
  4. Design Process
  5. Specification of Final Solution

Background[edit]

Flock House frame with dimensions

Mary Mattingly is the visionary artist in charge of the Flock House project. It is an art initiative to create a structure the size of a small van that can house at least two individuals from the months of May through August of 2012. The structure will move through various parts of New York, with the intention of raising awareness of the homeless epidemic, spark new ideas regarding sustainable living, and challenge the traditional home to become less wasteful.

Mattingly described the theme of the Flock House project as community migration, which is visible through the frame Mattingly’s team created (see picture on left). It features cloud shaped rings that are made of fiberglass scavenged from old boats in the shape of the current migration patterns of humans.

The color tones of the shell are encouraged to be natural, and the shell must have some translucent aspects included to allow in natural light. The structure must also feature at least one window and a door, as well as be secure from intruders. Mattingly envisions a flexible outer shell that could be restructured if need be to accommodate various locations, however she does not want to discourage any different ideas that stray from this. With this being said, she is not opposed to the idea of a stiffer structure, so long as sunlight is the primary source of light. She emphasizes the importance of aesthetics and simplicity, and she would like to grow plants over the structure.

Problem Analysis and Criteria[edit]

These are the criteria and their descriptions for our team's project. Our criteria are weighted from 1 to 10 and are considered whenever making a decision that effects our project.
Criteria Weight Description
Safety 10 Protects inhabitants from natural elements
Inspiration 9 Reuses commonly wasted materials
Aesthetics 8 Visually appealing
Cost 8 Less than $375
Durability 7 Should withstand New York weather conditions

Description of final project[edit]

Additional view of Aluminum Awareness
Additional view of Aluminum Awareness


Team Skin for the Win's final solution is named Aluminum Awareness. It is composed of shingles made out of aluminum cans and windows made out of 2-liter bottles, which are attached to a frame made out of pine that has been sheathed with plywood and roofing paper. The building process of Aluminum Awareness including how to make the aluminum can shingles can be found in our How to Build section. Aluminum Awareness satisfies all of the criteria for the project in the following ways:

  • Safety- Aluminum Awareness is very weatherproof and structurally sound, so it will keep the inhabitants of the Flock House safe from the elements.
  • Inspiration- The use of aluminum cans for shingles and 2-liter plastic bottles will catch the eye of onlookers and inspire people to think about waste management.
  • Aesthetics- Aluminum Awareness is pleasing to the eye, and the reflective nature of the aluminum can shingles will catch the eye of by-passers and encourage them to ask about the Flock House.
  • Cost- The total final cost to produce Aluminum Awareness was far under the allowed $375.
  • Durability- Aluminum Awareness is very durable and will have no troubles withstanding the weather conditions of New York City for the three to four month period that the Flock house will be in use.

Furthermore, the inclusion of many 2-liter bottle windows provides the interior of the Flock House with natural light, which was a primary concern of Mary Mattingly. Also there are slight gaps in-between the overhanging roof of Aluminum Awareness and the windows which will provide the interior of the Flock House with a source of ventilation.

Costs[edit]

Design Cost[edit]

Design cost is measured in hours. The total hours spent on the creation of the Aluminum Awareness are 428 with the total being broken into respective segments as shown in the figure below.

Pie chart of design hours spent on each design section.

Implementation Cost[edit]

Implementation Cost shows the dollars spent to build the Aluminum Awareness model. The cost for each material is itemized and the total cost is shown at the bottom of the table as $144.84.
Item Quantity Cost ($) Total Cost
18 gauge staples 1/4" 1 box 37.00 37.00
Tar Paper 1 roll 30.00 30.00
5/8" plywood 4'x8' 1 sheet 20.55 20.55
galvanized nail brad 18 gauge, 1-1/4" 1 box 25.00 25.00
staples (handheld) 1 box 20.00 20.00
1/8" wood 4'x8' 1 sheet 13.93 13.93
wood glue 1 bottle 6.00 6.00
Screws 1 box 10.00 10.00
Brackets 4 4.00 16.00
8' of wood 2"x6" 1 piece 3.36 3.36
Aluminum Can 800 0.00 0.00
2-Liter Bottles 20 0.00 0.00
Total Cost $144.84

Testing Results[edit]

To test the durability of some selected materials, our group exposed them to the outside weather for three days, sprayed them with water at a high pressure for a minute, put them in the oven at a temperature of 110˚F for thirty minutes, and scratched them with a wire brush 100 times. The results of these tests helped to determine which materials were to be used as our primary building materials. Further testing was enacted upon the completion of the project, where the structure was lightly sprayed with a garden hose for 2 minutes to simulate rain. Upon completing this test there was a little seepage in two locations, but no dripping in any locations from our constructed outer shell.

How to build[edit]

In order to reconstruct Aluminum Awareness one must have access to several woodworking power tools including a bandsaw, chop saw, and a jig saw. Although Aluminum Awareness can be built using simple hand woodworking tools, having these power tools will make the process much easier. Also needed are plywood, roofing paper, aluminum cans, 2-liter bottles, a staple gun, a nail gun, wood glue, and some type of wood to make the framing. On our scale model pine was used for the framing, however any other type of softwood such as fir or cedar would be equally sufficient. The dimensions of these woods and the amount of materials is dependent upon the scale at which Aluminum Awareness is desired to be reproduced. In order to construct the aluminum can shingle crimper, the materials needed are: enough hardwood to make two 4"x6"x2" boards as well as two 3/8"x6"x3/8" slats; two pin hinges; 1" wood screws; and a table saw with dado blades. Step by step instructions to reproduce Aluminum Awareness can be found here: Aluminum Awareness Instructions

Discussion and next steps[edit]

The Aluminum Awareness scaled model is complete. We sent Mary Mattingly samples of crimped aluminum cans and one of our crimping blocks. We will be sending her instructions on how to frame in the structure to fit the two giant dicks, and how to frame in the roof and lay the shingles virus. With this done, the Flock House project will have enough information to incorporate all or any aspects of our design that they so desire.

References[edit]

http://www.instructables.com/id/Make-Shingles-and-Siding-Out-of-Aluminum-Cans-Bee/

Team Skin for the Win[edit]