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Difference between revisions of "Chemical resistance of 3D printable polymers: literature review"

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Journal Articles
 
*Mark D. Symes, Philip J. Kitson, Jun Yan, Craig J. Richmond, Geoffrey J. T. Cooper, Richard W. Bowman, Turlif Vilbrandt & Leroy Cronin: [https://www.nature.com/articles/nchem.1313 Integrated 3D-printed reactionware for chemical synthesis and analysis], Nature Chemistry 4, 349–354 (2012), doi:10.1038/nchem.1313
 
*Mark D. Symes, Philip J. Kitson, Jun Yan, Craig J. Richmond, Geoffrey J. T. Cooper, Richard W. Bowman, Turlif Vilbrandt & Leroy Cronin: [https://www.nature.com/articles/nchem.1313 Integrated 3D-printed reactionware for chemical synthesis and analysis], Nature Chemistry 4, 349–354 (2012), doi:10.1038/nchem.1313
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*Jennifer S. Mathieson, Mali H. Rosnes, Victor Sans, Philip J. Kitson and Leroy Cronin: [https://www.beilstein-journals.org/bjnano/articles/4/31 Continuous parallel ESI-MS analysis of reactions carried out in a bespoke 3D printed device], Beilstein J. Nanotechnol. 2013, 4, 285–291. doi:10.3762/bjnano.4.31
 
*Bethany C. Gross, Jayda L. Erkal, Sarah Y. Lockwood, Chengpeng Chen, and Dana M. Spence: [http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ac403397r Evaluation of 3D Printing and Its Potential Impact on Biotechnology and the Chemical Sciences], Anal. Chem., 2014, 86 (7), pp 3240–3253, DOI: 10.1021/ac403397r
 
*Bethany C. Gross, Jayda L. Erkal, Sarah Y. Lockwood, Chengpeng Chen, and Dana M. Spence: [http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ac403397r Evaluation of 3D Printing and Its Potential Impact on Biotechnology and the Chemical Sciences], Anal. Chem., 2014, 86 (7), pp 3240–3253, DOI: 10.1021/ac403397r
 
*Philip J. Kitson, Stefan Glatzel, Wei Chen, Chang-Gen Lin, Yu-Fei Song,and Leroy Cronin: [https://www.nature.com/articles/nprot.2016.041.pdf 3D printing of versatile reactionware for chemical synthesis], Nat. Protocols, 2016, 11 (5), 920-936
 
*Philip J. Kitson, Stefan Glatzel, Wei Chen, Chang-Gen Lin, Yu-Fei Song,and Leroy Cronin: [https://www.nature.com/articles/nprot.2016.041.pdf 3D printing of versatile reactionware for chemical synthesis], Nat. Protocols, 2016, 11 (5), 920-936

Revision as of 11:20, 10 November 2017

This is a literature review for a study on the chemical resistance of 3D printable polymers. This literature review is initially targeted at liquid chemicals which can "attack" 3D printed polymers. In the future gas and plasma attack can be studied but for now it is out of the scope of this lit review.

Introduction

Chemicals and processes

List of chemicals

The resistance of 3D printable materials at least to the following solvents, acids and solutions is tested:

  • Deionized H2O
  • Isopropanol
  • Acetone
  • Hydrochloric acid (HCl), 37%
  • Ammonia (NH3), aqueous solution 25%
  • Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), aqueous solution 30%
  • Nitric acid (HNO3)
  • Phosphoric acid (H3PO4)
  • Acetic acid, concentrated

These chemicals are common chemicals used in many laboratories and many semiconductor processing steps, such as in the cleaning of silicon wafers.

Chemical processes

  • Resist strip
  • RCA1 and RCA2 wafer cleaning processes


3D printing materials and their chemical properties

PLA (Polylactic acid)

One of the most used 3D printing filaments. Various vendors and available in multiple colors. Biodegradable, potentially not very resistant to chemicals.

ABS (Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene)

Co-polyesters

Commercial 3D printing filaments: Inova Co-Polyester, ColorFabb nGen

PETG

PP (Polypropylene)

Resistant to various laboratory chemicals. Quite resistant to acids and bases. Widely used in clean rooms. Is susceptible to oxidation for example peroxides, as it is just a hydrocarbon.

PC (Polycarbonate)

PETT

Taulman T-glase is made of PETT.

FEP

Should be in the sweet spot of fluoropolymers. Low enough melting point to be printable but chemically very durable. According to some data should be resistant to nearly all room temperature liquid chemiclas used in clean rooms.

PEI

Ultem(R) is a commercial plastic which mainly consists of PEI.

Nylon

Taulman Alloy 910 is apparently Nylon-based.

PETG

Polyethylene terephthalate modified with glycol.


Organic polymers

General level discussion of organic polymers .Focus here in differences of organic polymers, their production, etc 

Fluoro polymers

Contrast these guys to organics

Sources

Journal Articles


Chemical resistance charts

Books

Searches

Google:

  • Chemical resistance of 3D printing materials
  • 3D printing filament chemical resistance
  • Chemical resistance of polymers
  • Chemically resistant 3D printing material
  • Chemically resistant 3D printing filament

Scholar:

  • Chemical resistance of 3D printing materials
  • Fused filament fabrication materials resistance
  • Chemical resistance of polymers


Aalto.png This page was part of an Aalto University course 3D Printing of Open Source Hardware for Science

Please leave comments using the discussion tab. The course runs in the Fall semester 2017. It is not open edit.


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