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Appendix A: Water Conservation Tips

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Preface
Part 1: Why Prepare for Natural Disasters?
Part 2: Basic Preparedness for Natural Disasters
A. Getting Informed
B. Emergency Disaster Planning and Checklists
C. Assemble Disaster Supplies Kit
D. Shelter from Natural Disasters
E. Hazard Specific Preparedness
F. Practice and Maintain Your Disaster Safety Plan
Part 3: Natural Hazards
A. Floods
B. Tornadoes
C. Hurricanes
D. Thunderstorms and Lightning
E. Winter Storms and Extreme Cold
F. Extreme Heat
G. Earthquakes
H. Volcanoes
I. Landscape and Debris Flow (Mudslide)
J. Tsunamis
K. Fires
L. Wildfires
Part 4: Technological Hazards
A. Hazardous Material Incidents
B. Household Chemical Emergencies
C. Nuclear Power Plants
Part 5: Terrorism
A. General Information About Terrorism
B. Explosions
C. Biological Threats
D. Chemical Threats
E. Nuclear Blast
F. Radiological Dispersion Device (RDD)
G. Homeland Security Advisory System
Part 6: Recovering from Disaster
Appendix A: Water Conservation Tips
Appendix B: Disaster Supply Checklists
Appendix C: Family Communication Plan

FEMA Homepage


  • Appendix A: Water Conservation Tips (PDF 33KB)

Indoor Water Conservation Tips

General

  • Never pour water down the drain when there may be another use for it. Use it to water your indoor plants or garden.
  • Repair dripping faucets by replacing washers. One drop per second wastes 2, 700 gallons of water per year!
  • Check all plumbing for leaks. Have leaks repaired by a plumber.
  • Retrofit all household faucets by installing aerators with flow restrictors.
  • Install an instant hot water heater on your sink.
  • Insulate your water pipes to reduce heat loss and prevent them from breaking.
  • Install a water-softening system only when the minerals in the water would damage your pipes. Turn the softener off while on vacation.
  • Choose appliances that are more energy and water efficient.

Bathroom

  • Consider purchasing a low-volume toilet that uses less than half the water of older models. Note: In many areas, low-volume units are required by law.
  • Install a toilet displacement device to cut down on the amount of water needed to flush. Place a one-gallon plastic jug of water into the tank to displace toilet flow (do not use a brick, it may dissolve and loose pieces may cause damage to the internal parts). Be sure installation does not interfere with the operating parts.
  • Replace your showerhead with an ultra-low-flow version.
  • Place a bucket in the shower to catch excess water for watering plants.
  • Avoid flushing the toilet unnecessarily. Dispose of tissues, insects, and other similar waste in the trash rather than the toilet.
  • Avoid taking baths - take short showers - turn on water only to get wet and lather and then again to rinse off.
  • Avoid letting the water run while brushing your teeth, washing your face, or shaving.

Kitchen

  • Operate automatic dishwashers only when they are fully loaded. Use the "light wash" feature, if available, to use less water.
  • Hand wash dishes by filling two containers - one with soapy water and the other with rinse water containing a small amount of chlorine bleach.
  • Clean vegetables in a pan filled with water rather than running water from the tap.
  • Start a compost pile as an alternate method of disposing of food waste or simply dispose of food in the garbage. (Kitchen sink disposals require a lot of water to operate properly).
  • Store drinking water in the refrigerator. Do not let the tap run while you are waiting for water to cool.
  • Avoid wasting water waiting for it to get hot. Capture it for other uses such as plant watering or heat it on the stove or in a microwave.
  • Avoid rinsing dishes before placing them in the dishwasher; just remove large particles of food. (Most dishwashers can clean soiled dishes very well, so dishes do not have to be rinsed before washing)
  • Avoid using running water to thaw meat or other frozen foods. Defrost food overnight in the refrigerator or use the defrost setting on your microwave oven.

Laundry

  • Operate automatic clothes washers only when they are fully loaded or set the water level for the size of your load.

Outdoor Water Conservation Tips

General

Car Washing

Lawn Care

Pool

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