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White Oak guild

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In Gaia's Garden by Toby Hemenway, the White Oak guild is described in detail.

Natural Guild[edit]

In nature, plants normally found in the White Oak/Hazelnut community are:

Modified Guild[edit]

For a functional guild useful to humans, Hemenway suggests

  • substituting a domesticated hazelnut for california hazelnut
  • a strawberry tree (Arbutus unedo) for the for pacific madrone
  • grafting a domesticated cherry scion to the Mazzard Cherry rootstock
  • grafting a pear variety to the black hawthorne
  • substituting a thornless variety of blackberry for the trailing blackberry
  • substituting lemonade berry (Rhus integrifolia) for the poison oak.
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