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About this user
Name Valerie Meyer
Alma mater Fordham University (May 2015)

"At present we are stealing the future, selling it in the present, and calling it gross domestic product. We can just as easily have an economy that is based on healing the future instead of stealing it. We can either create assets for the future or take the assets of the future. One is called restoration and the other exploitation" - Paul Hawken (2009 Commencement Address)

Academic Background[edit | edit source]

Currently a senior at Fordham University majoring in Environmental Policy and English. Research interests are in how 3D-printing can offer global environmental justice (equal environmental benefits and burdens to all), by using studies in industrial ecology, biomimicry theory, environmental economics, and environmental historical/political data. A founding member of Fordham Divest, a student group that campaigns to make Fordham University a fossil free campus.

Publications[edit | edit source]

  • Meyer, V. (2013). Cap and Trading in America, Environmentally Productive or Not?
    • Research done evaluating the economic impact of Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative: a cap and trade program in the Northeastern United States and Eastern Canada to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Meyer, V. (2013, May 1). Retrieved March 19, 2015, from
    • A blog on Environmental Policy.

Thesis Research Topic[edit | edit source]

Title: : Environmental Impacts of Additive Manufacturing

Thesis Poster: Fordham University's Eighth Annual Undergraduate Research Symposium, April 15, 2015


Introduction: Prototyping the Risks of a 3D Printed Future

  • Reasons why Interdisciplinary approaches to study 3D printing are necessary

Chapter 1: The Makers Behind the Movement

  • History of Additive Manufacturing
  • Recent Exponential Growth of AM
    • Open Source
    • Drop in Prices
  • Major Players in the industry

Chapter 2: Creating Criteria to Compare Assembly Lines to Keyboards

  • Ecological Economics
  • Sustainable Business
  • Ecological and Carbon Footprints
  • IPAT Model

Chapter 3: The Environmental Impacts

  • Current "Ink" and Materials Used in 3D printing
  • Current Energy Sources
  • Current Waste Management
  • Potential materials, energy sources, and waste

Chapter 4: Attracting and Regulating Investors and Capital

  • Current Laws and Regulations Applied to 3D printing
    • For example, Gun Control Laws and Thingiverse Regulation

Conclusion: Envisioning the Final Product

  • Specific policy and research recommendations for 3D printing