The human desire to live in harmony with nature and one-another was first proposed as an international endeavour in 1987 when sustainability (as sustainable development) was formally defined by the United Nations as development that "meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs."[1]
Although sustainable development has remained a key global concern, international charters like the United Nations' Millennium Ecosystem Assessment[2], and Millennium Declaration[3] which included the Millennium Development Goals[4] the expression sustainable development is often replaced by the terms sustainability and sustainability science which have broadly the same meaning.

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to sustainability: If an environment is not sustained then the ecosystem will overtime fall apart. Overusing one part of and ecosystem can cause the ecosystem to eventually fail. when you overuse one part of an ecosystem then it has dramatic results on the whole ecosystem, the biosphere.

Essence of sustainability[edit | edit source]

Branches of sustainability[edit | edit source]

Sustainabiity is divided into two main branches: sustainability science and sustainability governance. Each of these branches is divided into a number of subfields:

Sub-fields of sustainability science[edit | edit source]

Main article: Sustainability science

Sub-fields of sustainability governance[edit | edit source]

Related disciplines[edit | edit source]

  • Conservation biology
  • Ecological humanities
  • Environmental biotechnology
  • Environmental chemistry
  • Environmental design
  • Environmental economics
  • Environmental engineering
  • Environmental ethics
  • Environmental history
  • Environmental law
  • Environmental psychology
  • Environmental science
  • Environmental sociology
  • Green politics

History of sustainability[edit | edit source]

Main article: History of sustainability
  • History of conservation

Biodiversity[edit | edit source]

Levels of biological organisation[edit | edit source]

Politics of sustainability[edit | edit source]

  • Rio Declaration on Environment and Development
  • International reports and agreements
  • Politics of global warming
    • Climate change policy of the United States
    • Climate change in China

Population control[edit | edit source]

Environmental technology[edit | edit source]

Energy conservation[edit | edit source]

Over consumption[edit | edit source]

Food[edit | edit source]

Water[edit | edit source]

Materials[edit | edit source]

Scholars of sustainability[edit | edit source]

Leaders in sustainability[edit | edit source]

Category:Sustainability advocates

Sustainability lists[edit | edit source]

Main article: List of sustainability topics

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. United Nations. 1987. "Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development." General Assembly Resolution 42/187, 11 December 1987.
  2. Official Millennium Ecosystem Assessment
  3. United Nations Millennium Declaration
  4. The United Nations Millennium Goals (UN Site)

External links[edit | edit source]

Template:Attrib wikipedia

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