User:RichardF/Outline of nutrition

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Nutrition or nutrition science studies the relationship between diet and states of health and disease. The scope of nutrition science ranges from malnutrition to optimal health. Many common symptoms and diseases can often be prevented or alleviated with better nutrition.

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to nutrition:

Essence of nutrition[edit | edit source]

Food pyramid (Hill[1], 2008).
Main article: Nutrition

Branches of nutrition[edit | edit source]

History of nutrition[edit | edit source]

Main article: History of nutrition

Nutrients[edit | edit source]

Macronutrients[edit | edit source]

Water[edit | edit source]

Protein[edit | edit source]

Amino Acids[edit | edit source]

Fat[edit | edit source]

Saturated fats[edit | edit source]
Monounsaturated fats[edit | edit source]
Polyunsaturated fats[edit | edit source]
Essential fatty acids[edit | edit source]
Other Fats[edit | edit source]
Fat substitutes[edit | edit source]

Carbohydrates[edit | edit source]

Dietary fiber[edit | edit source]
Starch[edit | edit source]
Sugars[edit | edit source]
Sugar substitutes[edit | edit source]
  • Artificial sugar substitutes
    • Acesulfame-K
    • Acesulfame potassium – 200x sweetness (by weight), Nutrinova, E950, FDA Approved 2003
    • Alitame – 2,000x sweetness (by weight), Pfizer, Pending FDA Approval
    • Aspartame – 160-200x sweetness (by weight), NutraSweet, E951, FDA Approved 1981
    • Cyclamate – 30x sweetness (by weight), Abbott, E952, FDA Banned 1969, pending re-approval
    • Dulcin – 250x sweetness (by weight), FDA Banned 1950
    • Neohesperidine dihydrochalcone – 1,500x sweetness (by weight), E959
    • Neotame – 8,000x sweetness (by weight), NutraSweet, FDA Approved 2002
    • P-4000 – 4,000x sweetness (by weight), FDA Banned 1950
    • Saccharin – 300x sweetness (by weight), E954, FDA Approved 1958
    • Sucralose – 600x sweetness (by weight), Tate & Lyle, FDA Approved 1998
  • Natural sugar substitutes
    • Brazzein – Protein, 2,000x sweetness of sucrose (by weight), Exxx
    • Curculin – Protein, 550x sweetness (by weight), Exxx
    • Erythritol – 0.7x sweetness (by weight), 14x sweetness of sucrose (by food energy), 0.05x energy density of sucrose
    • Fructose
    • Glycyrrhizin – 50x sweetness (by weight)
    • Glycerol – 0.6x sweetness (by weight), 0.55x sweetness (by food energy), 1.075x energy density, E422
    • Hydrogenated starch hydrolysates – 0.4x–0.9x sweetness (by weight), 0.5x–1.2x sweetness (by food energy), 0.75x energy density
    • Isomalt – 0.45x–0.65x sweetness (by weight), 0.9x–1.3x sweetness (by food energy), 0.5x energy density, E953
    • Lactitol – 0.4x sweetness (by weight), 0.8x sweetness (by food energy), 0.5x energy density, E966
    • Mabinlin – Protein, 100x sweetness (by weight), Exxx
    • Maltitol – 0.9x sweetness (by weight), 1.7x sweetness (by food energy), 0.525x energy density, E965
    • Mannitol – 0.5x sweetness (by weight), 1.2x sweetness (by food energy), 0.4x energy density, E421
    • Miraculin – Protein, nx sweetness (by weight), Exxx
    • Monellin – Protein, 3,000x sweetness (by weight), Exxx
    • Pentadin – Protein, 500x sweetness (by weight), Exxx
    • Sorbitol – 0.6x sweetness (by weight), 0.9x sweetness (by food energy), 0.65x energy density, E420
    • Stevia – 250x sweetness (by weight)
    • Tagatose – 0.92x sweetness (by weight), 2.4x sweetness (by food energy), 0.38x energy density
    • Thaumatin – Protein, – 2,000x sweetness (by weight), E957
    • Xylitol – 1.0x sweetness (by weight), 1.7x sweetness (by food energy), 0.6x energy density, E967

Micronutrients[edit | edit source]

Vitamins[edit | edit source]

Minerals[edit | edit source]

Organic Acids[edit | edit source]

Foods[edit | edit source]

Pyramid Groups[edit | edit source]

Qualities of food[edit | edit source]

General nutrition concepts[edit | edit source]

Diets and dieting[edit | edit source]

Nutrition problems[edit | edit source]

Behavioral problems[edit | edit source]

Nutrition politics[edit | edit source]

Organizations[edit | edit source]

Nutrition scholars[edit | edit source]

Nutrition lists[edit | edit source]

Main article: Lists of nutrition topics

See also[edit | edit source]

External links[edit | edit source]

Databases and search engines[edit | edit source]

Governmental agencies and intergovernmental bodies[edit | edit source]


  1. Ms. Bhakta’s Blog. ‘Good Shepherd Catholic School.’ <new-food-pyramid.jpg>. April 22, 2010.