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In natural ecosystems, soil over thousands of years old builds up as a mixture of biomass accumulated through the life and death of countless organisms, and also the breakdown of geological features in what is called [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geomorphology geomorphology]. Current industrial practices were empowered by [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norman_Borlaug Normal Borlaug]'s effort while at the Rockerfeller Foundation in the 50s to put forward a "[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Green_Revolution Green Revolution]. The Green Revolution led to the rapid industrialization of agriculture. This included the injection of industrial chemicals for fertilizers and pesticides, homogenized see varieties and mass production, mechanized farming practices. These produces while providing dramatic short term gains in production, are over the long term rapidly degrading those natural systems that build soil. At the same time, we are basically mining the agricultural lands of their valuable soils to keep unsustainable levels of production at industrial monoculture farms.  
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In natural ecosystems, soil over thousands of years old builds up as a mixture of biomass accumulated through the life and death of countless organisms, and also the breakdown of geological features in what is called [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geomorphology geomorphology]. Current industrial practices were empowered by [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norman_Borlaug Normal Borlaug]'s effort while at the Rockerfeller Foundation in the 50s to put forward a "[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Green_Revolution Green Revolution]. The Green Revolution led to the rapid industrialization of agriculture. This included the injection of industrial chemicals for fertilizers and pesticides, homogenized see varieties and mass production, mechanized farming practices. While providing dramatic short term gains in production, over the long term these innovations led the rapid degradation of natural systems that build and sustain fertile lands.  
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Often though the debate is quite narrow in that ecologists and industrialist debate about whether or not organic farming can sustain current production levels. What is still ignored in the mainstream (on both extremes of the agricultural debate) is that a paradigm shift is emerging that is moving humanity (whether it likes or not) away from conventional land based food production systems that require large amounts of land and heavy machinery in order for the farms to be economically viable.  
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Often though the debate is quite narrow in that ecologists and industrialists debate about whether or not organic farming can sustain current production levels. What is still ignored in the mainstream (on both extremes of the agricultural debate) is that a paradigm shift is emerging that is moving humanity (whether it likes or not) away from conventional land based food production systems that require large amounts of land and heavy machinery (in order for the farms to be economically viable).  
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* As an alternative to these a series of Bio-intensive ([[permaculture]], [[growbiointensive]], [[agroecology]], [[biodynamic]]) agriculture practiced some of which are compost and land based but optimize the systems using organic, [[poly-culture]] food growing practices.  
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An alternative to conventional farming has emerged that includes what are termed
* Other systems use digesters to process animal, plant and agro-industrial waste and then use hydraulic principles of water to optimize the growing process such as aquaponics and pond-based agricultural systems.  
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* Bio-intensive [[permaculture]], [[growbiointensive]], [[agroecology]], [[biodynamic]] farming practices optimize natural systems using organic, [[poly-culture]] food growing practices, so that small gardens can rival the productivity of large scale corporate farming monocultures.  
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* Water based Integrated Farming Systems use digesters to process animal, plant and agro-industrial waste and then use hydraulic principles of water to optimize the growing process and may include aquaponics and pond-based agricultural systems.  
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These systems are more productive than conventional agriculture because they are designed to complement and [[synergize]] naturally occurring processes.
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These systems are more productive than conventional agriculture because they are designed to complement and [[synergize]] naturally occurring processes by:  
 
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They do this by:  
   
* Maximizing the uptake/sequestration of gases (mainly carbon and nitrogen) from the atmosphere.  
 
* Maximizing the uptake/sequestration of gases (mainly carbon and nitrogen) from the atmosphere.  
 
* Creating synergistic loops within the growing ecosystem that lead to a permaculture type design that modifies natural ecosystems but augments (rather than obliterating them as industrialized agriculture does) making selective changes that optimize production.
 
* Creating synergistic loops within the growing ecosystem that lead to a permaculture type design that modifies natural ecosystems but augments (rather than obliterating them as industrialized agriculture does) making selective changes that optimize production.
* Adding potent fertilizers such as [[mineralized water]] and compost teas to maximize beneficial microbial that plants need to grow rapidly.
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* Adding potent natural and organics fertilizers such as [[mineralized water]] and compost teas to maximize beneficial microbial that plants need to grow rapidly.
 
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Integrated Farming Systems typically uses bio-solids from feedlots and feed barns as a feedstock for bioreactors. Biowaste feedstocks are first used to generate energy through the stimulation of anaerobic bacteria, in an airtight reactor which can then be used for electrical generation and heating.
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Biowaste feedstocks are first used to generate energy through the stimulation of anaerobic bacteria, in an airtight reactor which can then be used for electrical generation and heating.  
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Methane resulting from the Anerobic reactions in the reactor can be stored and then used at a basic level to create heat for cooking and hot water. At the larger, more ambitious scale Intergrated Farms can power fuel cells, microturbines and gas fired internal combustion engines as Combined Heating & Power units to produce electricity and heat for local use.  
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Integrated Farming using bio-solids from feedlots and feed barns as a feedstock for bioreactors that they produce methane that can power fuel cells and produce electricity and heat for the village. Algae and other microorganisms then feast on the remaining effluent in the fishpond or fish tanks, which the fish then eat thus preventing eutrophication and the degradation of the living machine system. Inflow effluent becomes nutrient loaded pond water, which then irrigates crops in a variety of methods from berm agriculture to aquaponics.
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Algae and other microorganisms then feast on the remaining effluent first in the settling and aerobic digestion tanks Then once the sludge is removed it goes into fishpond and/or fish tanks, which the fish then eat thus preventing eutrophication and the degradation of the living machine system. Inflow effluent becomes nutrient loaded pond water, which then irrigates crops in a variety of methods from berm agriculture to aquaponics.
    
== Restorative Economics ==
 
== Restorative Economics ==
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