= Papers Read =
*Sensitivity analyses, economic analyses (using LCOE)
*Equations for power output for individual components in the system
*system degradation rate is generally treated as a single value in LCOE calculations despite the fact that it is known that even within a single PV installation individual panels will degrade with substantially different rates.
====Tax Rates and Subsidies====
*As with inputs such as solar insolation, taxes and incentives for promoting solar energy also vary widely by location. In our model we have used a consistent federal tax rate of 30% and statetax rate of 8%.
*Monte Carlo Simulation used to create distributions
===[https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0360544201000093 Energy and economic evaluation of building-integrated photovoltaics]===
*This paper applies energy analysis and economic analysis in order to assess the application of solar photovoltaics (PVs) in buildings.
*there are substantial resource benefits to be gained from using PVs to supply electricity, but the economic cost of doing so is significantly higher than conventional sources. This trade-off is reduced when the benefits of building integrated PVs (BiPVs) are considered. By comparison with centralised PV plants, BiPV systems offer the “double dividend” of reduced economic costs and improved environmental performance.
*When assessing the viability of technologies such as photovoltaics (PVs) it is important to
recognise the dynamic nature of technological development.
*PV systems integrated into or mounted onto buildings can avoid the cost of land acquisition,
fencing, access roads and major support structures for the modules.
*This paper compares costs in energy and economic terms of supplying a kWh of electricity to
the point of use.
implications of a project. Put simply, to be economically viable an investment must promise a
rate of return greater than the cost of capital needed to finance it.
===Data and Assumptions===
*The data presented for PVs are for poly-crystalline silicon (p-Si) frameless modules of 1 m2.
Data for mono-crystalline modules were also available but the difference between the technologies
was negligible and within the range of uncertainty in the results.
*for each kWh of electricity supplied from the average European electricity mix a total of 13.2 MJ of primary energy is used, 11.4 MJ in generation and 1.8 MJ in transmission and distribution.
*for a centralised PV plant 4.15 MJ of primary energy is embodiedin each kWh of electricity supplied to the point of use. 3.4 MJ is embodied in each kWh producedby the PV system divided 55:45 modules to balance of system. However a further 0.7 MJ is embodied in transmitting the electricity to the point of use.
*2.9 MJ of primary energy is required to supply each kWh of electricity from a BiPV cladding system to the point of use within the building on which it is placed.
*embodied energy is reduced to 2.6 MJ per kWh supplied if the energy embodied in a conventional glass cladding system is deducted from the BiPV system asan avoided burden .
===[https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0927024816304664 Cooling methodologies of photovoltaic module for enhancing electrical efficiency: A review]===
*Mostly about cooling PV modules which can affect the lifespan and power outputs adversely.
*Not very useful considering most of the year for the case this paper is looking at is very cold.
*A 43.2kW grid connected PV system was was designed and its performance at local climate conditions was simulated.
= Papers from other Literature Reviews =