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Washing and drying clothes

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Environmental impact and labor can both be saved by measures that reduce the need for washing: suitable choice of clothes (color and fabric) and habits such as hanging and airing clothes. See the [[Clothing]] page for more detailed suggestions.
==Washing clothes==[[Pedal-powered washing machine]]s have been made at MIT in partnership with a [[Guatemala]]n community (see [http://web.mit.edu/teresab/www/Bicilavadora/index.html Bicilavadora: A Pedal-powered Washing Machine]) and at Humboldt's [[Campus Center for Appropriate Technology]] (see [[HSU Bike powered washing machine]]). These designs use direct power, rather than generating electricity to run the washer.<ref>[http://www.los-gatos.ca.us/davidbu/pedgen/washing_machine.html Pedal Powered Washing Machine Tests], David Butcher, a pedal-power enthusiast, calculates it would take 1 hr and 45 minutes of pedaling to generate electricity for one load of washing. Presumably it is significantly more efficient to use the mechanical power directly, rather than using a generator; also this may be cheaper in a developing country setting.</ref> There are also [[google:pedal-powered-washing-machine|many more hits on Google]].  The [[Wikipedia:Centre for Appropriate Technology (Australia)|Centre for Appropriate Technology (Australia)]] has had some success in Australian indigenous communities with a hand-operated "washing machine" using a paddle to stir the water, which is popular for washing blankets. Attempts have been made by CAT (or people associated with CAT) to introduce it to Indonesia, but it was not popular, as they felt the clothes were not getting a proper wash.<ref>Based on personal conversation between [[User:Chriswaterguy|Chriswaterguy]] and (name?) from CAT, at the EWB Australia national conference, 2005.</ref> A television show in Australia in the 1980s ("The Inventors"?) had a small hand-operated washing machine, suitable for nappies, for example, while camping.  [[Solar hot water]] could make washing easier and more effective, as the additional cleaning effect from using warm or hot water could be an alternative to hard scrubbing work the hands. Of course, this is not suitable for all materials, especially colored clothing, or clothing which is liable to shrink. A method of saving water is to re-use water from the rinse cycle for the next wash. A place is needed to store the water. Great care should be taken if color has come out in the water, not to use that water for washing light-colored clothing. Thus the best design is likely to use a tub or tank which is white or light colored on the inside, and which can be looked into to check the water.{{sp}} == Energy-saving Saving energy ==
{{PD source|source=[http://www1.eere.energy.gov/consumer/tips/laundry.html EERE Energy Savers: Laundry]|statement=http://www1.eere.energy.gov/webpolicies/}}
* '''$ Long-Term Savings Tip''': When shopping for a new clothes dryer, look for one with a moisture sensor that automatically shuts off the machine when your clothes are dry. Not only will this save energy, it will save wear and tear on your clothes caused by over-drying.
* '''$ Long-Term Savings Tip''': [http://www.energystar.gov/ ENERGY STAR] does not label clothes dryers because most of them use similar amounts of energy, which means there is little difference in energy use between models.
 
== Saving water ==
 
A method of saving water is to re-use water from the rinse cycle for the next wash. A place is needed to store the water. Great care should be taken if color has come out in the water, not to use that water for washing light-colored clothing. Thus the best design is likely to use a tub or tank which is white or light colored on the inside, and which can be looked into to check the water.{{sp}}
 
== Human power ==
[[Pedal-powered washing machine]]s have been made at MIT in partnership with a [[Guatemala]]n community (see [http://web.mit.edu/teresab/www/Bicilavadora/index.html Bicilavadora: A Pedal-powered Washing Machine]) and at Humboldt's [[Campus Center for Appropriate Technology]] (see [[HSU Bike powered washing machine]]). These designs use direct power, rather than generating electricity to run the washer.<ref>[http://www.los-gatos.ca.us/davidbu/pedgen/washing_machine.html Pedal Powered Washing Machine Tests], David Butcher, a pedal-power enthusiast, calculates it would take 1 hr and 45 minutes of pedaling to generate electricity for one load of washing. Presumably it is significantly more efficient to use the mechanical power directly, rather than using a generator; also this may be cheaper in a developing country setting.</ref> There are also [[google:pedal-powered-washing-machine|many more hits on Google]].
 
The [[Wikipedia:Centre for Appropriate Technology (Australia)|Centre for Appropriate Technology (Australia)]] has had some success in Australian indigenous communities with a hand-operated "washing machine" using a paddle to stir the water, which is popular for washing blankets. Attempts have been made by CAT (or people associated with CAT) to introduce it to Indonesia, but it was not popular, as they felt the clothes were not getting a proper wash.<ref>Based on personal conversation between [[User:Chriswaterguy|Chriswaterguy]] and (name?) from CAT, at the EWB Australia national conference, 2005.</ref>
 
A television show in Australia in the 1980s ("The Inventors"?) had a small hand-operated washing machine, suitable for nappies, for example, while camping.
 
== Reducing labor ==
 
Washing clothes for those who cannot afford a washing machine can be hard work which is particularly hard on the hands.
 
[[Solar hot water]] could make soaking and washing easier and more effective, as the additional cleaning effect from using warm or hot water could be an alternative to hard scrubbing work the hands. Of course, this is not suitable for all materials, especially colored clothing, or clothing which is liable to shrink. Care should be taken not to immerse the hands in very warm or hot water for long periods, as this will be even harder on the hands than usual. The clothes might be soaked for a time in just enough water to cover, with detergent, then cooler water added before scrubbing; or it may be left to soak for long enough (overnight or a couple of hours) that the water has cooled down significantly before scrubbing.
==Spin-drying or wringing==

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