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CEO Utility Pay Literature Review

3,799 bytes added, 15:10, 18 February 2016
Industry Sector Emissions
*Results support the view "that concentrated ownership structure substitutes for CEO performance-based compensation contracts."
==CO2 Emissions==
===Industry Sector Emissions===
[http://www3.epa.gov/climatechange/ghgemissions/sources/industry.html C. C. D. US EPA, “Industry Sector Emissions.” (Online). Available: http://www3.epa.gov/climatechange/ghgemissions/sources/industry.html. (Accessed: 15-Feb-2016).]
*in 2013, electricity generation accounted for 31% of all greenhouse gas emissions in the US
*
 
===Trends '93: A Compendium of Data on Global Change===
[https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=FXdNAQAAIAAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PA552&dq=emissions+CO2+united+states&ots=EQmIP2jhcd&sig=0MNkh4m8uWiDtdP2g1bV06xnLCE#v=onepage&q=emissions%20CO2%20united%20states&f=false G. Marland, R. J. Andres, and T. A. Boden, Trends ’93: A Compendium of Data on Global Change, vol. Global, Regional, and National CO2 Emissions. Tenn., USA: Oak Ridge National Laboratories, 1994.]
*
===Future CO2 Emissions emissions===[http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/EN.ATM.CO2E.PC?order=wbapi_data_value_2011+wbapi_data_value+wbapi_data_value-first&sort=desc&cid=GPD_27 “CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita),” Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tenessee, United States.]*CO2 emissions per person increased until the 1990s.*They have remained relatively stable until 2007 and Climate Change from Existing Energy Infrastructureeven dropped 2 metric tons per capita since 2007.*The united states is the 11th highest producer of CO2 per capita===Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency===[http://scienceprograms.sciencemagdsireusa.org/contentsystem/329program?state=US “Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency.” Online. Available: http:/5997/1330 Sprograms. Jdsireusa. Davis, Korg/system/program?state=US. CaldeiraAccessed: 15-Feb-2016.]*28 National incentives*2633 total incentives*Mix of personal, business, etc. ===Emerging carbon constraints for corporate risk management===[http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921800906003521 T. Busch and V. H. D. MatthewsHoffmann, “Future CO2 Emissions and Climate Change from Existing Energy Infrastructure“Emerging carbon constraints for corporate risk management,” ScienceEcological Economics, vol. 32962, no. 59973–4, pp. 1330–1333518–528, Sep. 2010May 2007.]*CO2 emitting infrastructure will keep being built unless developing alternatives becomes priority
*
===Energy consumption, income, and carbon emissions in the United States===
[http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921800906003430 U. Soytas, R. Sari, and B. T. Ewing, “Energy consumption, income, and carbon emissions in the United States,” Ecological Economics, vol. 62, no. 3–4, pp. 482–489, May 2007.]
*the statistically main cause of CO2 emissions in the US is energy use
*Suggests that policies that promote alternatives can help
*reducing growth of energy use is the most effective immediate solution to the problem.
 
===Future CO2 Emissions and Climate Change from Existing Energy Infrastructure===
[http://science.sciencemag.org/content/329/5997/1330 S. J. Davis, K. Caldeira, and H. D. Matthews, “Future CO2 Emissions and Climate Change from Existing Energy Infrastructure,” Science, vol. 329, no. 5997, pp. 1330–1333, Sep. 2010.]
*CO2 emitting infrastructure will keep being built unless developing alternatives becomes priority
*The US produces one of the highest (>30) Gt Co2/year in the world as well as a significant amount of (~225) t CO2/person/year in the world.
*When normalized to GDP is is moderately low
*If no new CO2 emitting infrastructure is built, warming levels will peak at 0.7degreesC.
*30TW of alternative energy sources are needed by 2050 to not produce CO2 emissions
 
===A Review of Hybrid Renewable/Alternative Energy Systems for Electric Power Generation: Configurations, Control, and Applications===
[http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpls/abs_all.jsp?arnumber=5773511 M. H. Nehrir, C. Wang, K. Strunz, H. Aki, R. Ramakumar, J. Bing, Z. Miao, and Z. Salameh, “A Review of Hybrid Renewable/Alternative Energy Systems for Electric Power Generation: Configurations, Control, and Applications,” IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 392–403, Oct. 2011.]
*Renewable energy production is predicted to more than double by 2035.
*renewable percentage of total power production is predicted to increase as well
 
===Analysis of renewable energy development to power generation in the United States===
[http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960148113004631 A. Aslani and K.-F. V. Wong, “Analysis of renewable energy development to power generation in the United States,” Renewable Energy, vol. 63, pp. 153–161, Mar. 2014.]
*11% of electricity generated was from renewable in 2009
*diversification of energy sources is important
*development of renewables is very dependent on utilization costs and government policy
*has graphs of predicted costs of all different renewables over time
*has maps of the utiliation available for the us for each renewable
*has a prediction for total electrictiy generated by renewables
 
===Industry Sector Emissions===
[http://www3.epa.gov/climatechange/ghgemissions/sources/industry.html C. C. D. US EPA, “Industry Sector Emissions.” (Online). Available: http://www3.epa.gov/climatechange/ghgemissions/sources/industry.html. (Accessed: 15-Feb-2016).]
*in 2013, electricity generation accounted for 31% of all greenhouse gas emissions in the US
*
===Power Generation===[http://costing.irena.org/technology-costs/power-generation.aspx “Power Generation.” (Online). Available: http://costing.irena.org/technology-costs/power-generation.aspx. (Accessed: 18-Feb-2016).]*The cost of many renewables has dropped significantly from 2010 to 2014, moving them into the cost range of fossil fuel generation. ===US EPA===[http://www3.epa.gov/statelocalclimate/state/topics/renewable.html “US EPA,” United States Environmental Protection Agency. Online. Available: http://www3.epa.gov/statelocalclimate/state/topics/renewable.html. Accessed: 15-Feb-2016.]*lists renewable policies*discusses importance of renewable energy:*reduction in pollution 
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