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==1."[http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0038092X04002415/pdfft?md5=334d50805aead5aa354432c3ee4c0dc2&pid=1-s2.0-S0038092X04002415-main.pdf Status of thin film solar cells in research, production and the market S0016328702000083 Photovoltaics — a path to sustainable futures]" == ''' By Arnulf Ja¨ger-Waldau Joshua M Pearce''' <br /><br /> '''Review''':Photovoltaics As both population and energy use per capita increase, modern society is one of the fastest growing industries at presentapproaching physical limits to its continued fossil fuel consumption. Over The immediate limits are set by the last five yearsplanet’s ability to adapt to a changing atmospheric chemical composition, not the production availability of photovoltaicsolar cells has steadily increased resources. In order for a future society to be sustainable while operating at an annual average or above our current standard of 40%, driven not only by the progress in materials and processing technology, but by market introduction programmes in many countries around the worldliving a shift away from carbon based energy sources must occur. This growth ismainly being attained by an increase in manufacturing capacities based on An overview of the technology current state of crystallineactive solar (photovoltaic, single junctiondevices. Consistent with PV) energy technology is provided here to outline a partial solution for the time needed for any major change in environmental problems caused by accelerating global energy infrastructureexpenditure. The technical, another 20–30 years social, and economic benefits and limitations of sustainedPV technologies to provide electricity in both off-grid and aggressive growth will be required for photovoltaics to substitute a significant share on-grid applications is critically analyzed in the context of conventional this shift in energysources. The question It is shown that PV electrical production is whether a switch will be possible with the current technologies alone or whether this growth willonly be possible with the continuous introduction of new technologies. It leads us to the search for new developmentswith respect to material use and consumptiontechnologically feasible, economically viable, environmentally benign, sustainable, device design and production technologies as well as new concepts socially equitable solution toincrease overall efficiency. This paper analyses the current status of thin film solar cells and their outlook for society’s futuredevelopmentsenergy requirements.
==22."[http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0016328702000083 Photovoltaics — a path to sustainable futuresS0038092X04002415/pdfft?md5=334d50805aead5aa354432c3ee4c0dc2&pid=1-s2.0-S0038092X04002415-main.pdf Status of thin film solar cells in research, production and the market ]" == '''By Joshua M PearceArnulf Ja¨ger-Waldau '''<br /><br /> '''Review''':As both population Photovoltaics is one of the fastest growing industries at present. Over the last five years, the production of photovoltaicsolar cells has steadily increased at an annual average of 40%, driven not only by the progress in materials and energy use per capita increaseprocessing technology, modern society but by market introduction programmes in many countries around the world. This growth is approaching physical limits to its continued fossil fuel consumption. The immediate limits are set mainly being attained by an increase in manufacturing capacities based on the planet’s ability to adapt to a changing atmospheric chemical compositiontechnology of crystalline, not single junctiondevices. Consistent with the availability time needed for any major change in energy infrastructure, another 20–30 years of resources. In order sustainedand aggressive growth will be required for photovoltaics to substitute a future society to be sustainable while operating at or above our current standard significant share of living a shift away from carbon based conventional energy sources must occur. An overview of The question is whether a switch will be possible with the current state technologies alone or whether this growth willonly be possible with the continuous introduction of active solar (photovoltaic, PV) energy technology is provided here new technologies. It leads us to outline a partial solution the search for the environmental problems caused by accelerating global energy expenditure. The technical, socialnew developmentswith respect to material use and consumption, device design and economic benefits and limitations of PV production technologies as well as new concepts to provide electricity in both off-grid and on-grid applications is critically analyzed in increase overall efficiency. This paper analyses the context current status of this shift in energy sources. It is shown that PV electrical production is a technologically feasible, economically viable, environmentally benign, sustainable, thin film solar cells and socially equitable solution to society’s their outlook for future energy requirementsdevelopments.
==23."[http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=4529197 Hybrid Micropower Source for Wireless Sensor Network]" ==
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