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Hydropower

1,442 bytes added, 14:58, 21 March 2013
moved text (entire Types section) from Hydro energy conversion system
Another method used a [[trompe]] to produce compressed air from falling water, which could then be used to power other machinery at a distance from the water.
 
== Hydropower plants ==
===Types===
* [[Ocean wave energy conversion system|Wave power plants]] (mechanical and electrical generator equipped)
* Tidal power plants (mechanical and electrical generator equipped)
* Tidal stream power plants (mechanical and electrical generator equipped)
* [[OTEC|Ocean thermal energy conversion systems]] (mechanical and electrical generator equipped)
 
* Osmotic power plants (mechanical and electrical generator equipped)
* Vortex power plants (mechanical and electrical generator equipped)
* [[Damless hydro|Continuous flow power plants]] (mechanical and electrical generator equipped) <ref>[http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6VMY-4P2C7CW-1&_user=10&_rdoc=1&_fmt=&_orig=search&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c&_searchStrId=1027978519&_rerunOrigin=google&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=73879df4117fe399322ed83658ac3e9b River current energy conversion system term]</ref><ref>[http://www.berr.gov.uk/files/file47400.pdf Tidal energy conversion system term]</ref><ref>[http://www.freepatentsonline.com/5708305.html Wave energy conversion system term]</ref>
 
Note that the top 4 energy conversion systems are '''ocean energy conversion systems'''' (use in open sea), the osmotic power plant is used where sweetwater and saltwater converges (ie river mouths ending into the sea) and the lower 3 energy conversion systems are used in rivers, streams or on basins/ponds.
==Small hydropower plants==
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