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== Pannier installation ==
 
== Pannier installation ==
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[[Image:bicycles_construction_panniers.jpg|thumb|300px|center|Figure 1: Construction of panniers]]
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[[Image:bicycles_extentions.jpg|thumb|300px|center|Figure 2: Construction of luggage carrier for a standard bicycle]]
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The carrying capacity of the bicycle can be greatly increased by attaching panniers either
 
The carrying capacity of the bicycle can be greatly increased by attaching panniers either
 
side of the wheel. However, the loads in the panniers must be reasonably well balanced.
 
side of the wheel. However, the loads in the panniers must be reasonably well balanced.
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The base and sides may be filled in with wire mesh (weldmesh), wooden slats or canvas
 
The base and sides may be filled in with wire mesh (weldmesh), wooden slats or canvas
 
type material. The ends can be filled in on fixed panniers but not on fold-up designs.
 
type material. The ends can be filled in on fixed panniers but not on fold-up designs.
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[[Image:bicycles_construction_panniers.jpg|thumb|900px|center|Figure 2: Construction of panniers]]
      
===Luggage carrier installation===
 
===Luggage carrier installation===
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The load that can be carried is limited by the strength of the rear wheel and tyre. A
 
The load that can be carried is limited by the strength of the rear wheel and tyre. A
 
strengthened wheel can be used so that the limiting factor is the load capacity of the tyre.
 
strengthened wheel can be used so that the limiting factor is the load capacity of the tyre.
[[Image:bicycle_extended_bicycle.jpg|thumb|250px|left|Figure 3: Extended bicycle Photo: Practical Action]]
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{|border="1"
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|-
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|bgcolor="silver"|
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Extended cycle user, W
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Aloysius Fernando, cultivator of
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mainly plantains & peanuts,
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sells peanuts in nearby towns.
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With the extended cycle, he can
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now transport enough to meet
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demand (1200 packets as
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oppose to 400 packets on his
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original bicycle). With increased
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business earnings he began to
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cultivate a larger area of land
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and could hire a peanut shelling
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machine.
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|}
      
This particular bicycle adaptation requires; the chain to be lengthened, the brackets for the
 
This particular bicycle adaptation requires; the chain to be lengthened, the brackets for the
 
rear break to be moved, and the brake rods to be lengthened. The frame does not have to
 
rear break to be moved, and the brake rods to be lengthened. The frame does not have to
 
be cut or modified in any way.
 
be cut or modified in any way.
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[[Image:bicycles_extentions.jpg|thumb|900px|center|Figure 4: Construction of luggage carrier for a standard bicycle]]
      
===Construction of a luggage carrier with small (20”) rear wheel===
 
===Construction of a luggage carrier with small (20”) rear wheel===
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[[Image:bicycles__panniers20in.jpg|thumb|900px|center|Figure 5: Construction of luggage carrier with small (20”) rear wheel]]
 
[[Image:bicycles__panniers20in.jpg|thumb|900px|center|Figure 5: Construction of luggage carrier with small (20”) rear wheel]]
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===Bicycle taxis===
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== References and further reading ==
The Bicycle taxi or boda boda has become popular in Uganda and Kenya, they operate for
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This document was produced by Neil Noble for Practical Action and last updated
hire from stands in towns, bus stops and market centres. The name boda boda is said to
+
in January 2007.
come from the time when the East African Community existed and there was free movement
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across the boarder between Uganda and Kenya. Travellers were offered transport to the
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boarder by bicycle-riders shouting ‘Border Border’ to attract passengers.
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Converting a bicycle to a taxi requires reinforced forks, stronger brakes, a passenger seat
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and footrests, and cushions. New seat designs enable woman to ride side-addle should help
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to improve access.
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Although the work is hard, the operators can earn a living despite a lack of formal education.
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The community transport organisation in Ndhiwa and The Kibos Cycle Taxi Association of
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Kisumu, Western Kenya worked in conjunction with [[Practical Action East Africa]] to:<br>
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• enhance the safety of bicycle taxis<br>
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• provide a cycle lane along the Kibos road<br>
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• set up a mini-medical insurance scheme for passengers and operators<br>
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• provide a credit scheme and repair fund for the members
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== References and further reading ==
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* Bicycle Trailers ([[Practical Action Technical Brief]])<br>
Bicycle Trailers ([[Practical Action Technical Brief]])<br>
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* Low-cost Load-carrying Devices: The Design & Manufacture of Some Basic Means of Transport Ron Dennis and Alan Smith ITDG Publishing 1995
Low-cost Load-carrying Devices: The Design & Manufacture of Some Basic Means
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* Puncture Prevention Techniques for Low Cost Vehicles Michael Ayre & Alan Smith
of Transport Ron Dennis and Alan Smith ITDG Publishing 1995<br>
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* The Impact of Road Condition on Operating Costs of Bicycles, IT Transport, 2004, DFID. http://www.ittransport.co.uk/index.php?page=publications
Puncture Prevention Techniques for Low Cost Vehicles Michael Ayre & Alan Smith<br>
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* Forum News, IFRTD
The Impact of Road Condition on Operating Costs of Bicycles, IT Transport, 2004,
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A quarterly newsletter looking at the issues of transport with animal power, bridges, bicycles, gender and transport, financing, engineering, sustainable rural livelihoods, and community planning. Forum News is produced four times a year in English, French and Spanish.
DFID. http://www.ittransport.co.uk/index.php?page=publications<br>
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Forum News, IFRTD
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A quarterly newsletter looking at the issues of transport with animal power, bridges,
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bicycles, gender and transport, financing, engineering, sustainable rural livelihoods,
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and community planning. Forum News is produced four times a year in English,
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French and Spanish.
      
== Useful contacts and addresses ==
 
== Useful contacts and addresses ==
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productivity, the quality of life and the environment in Africa.<br>
 
productivity, the quality of life and the environment in Africa.<br>
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Re~Cycle<br>
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Re-Cycle<br>
 
Unit A Global Park<br>
 
Unit A Global Park<br>
 
Moorside<br>
 
Moorside<br>
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unwanted bicycles to send to reliable partners in developing countries.<br>
 
unwanted bicycles to send to reliable partners in developing countries.<br>
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== Wikis ==
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Practical Action
HowtoPedia http://www.howtopedia.org/en/How_to_use_a_Bicycle_to_carry_things<br>
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Appropedia http://www.appropedia.org/BICYCLE
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{|border="1"
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|-
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|bgcolor="silver"|'''Practical Action'''
   
The Schumacher Centre for Technology and Development<br>
 
The Schumacher Centre for Technology and Development<br>
 
Bourton-on-Dunsmore<br>
 
Bourton-on-Dunsmore<br>
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E-mail: inforserv@practicalaction.org.uk<br>
 
E-mail: inforserv@practicalaction.org.uk<br>
 
Website: http://www.practicalaction.org/<br>
 
Website: http://www.practicalaction.org/<br>
This document was produced by Neil Noble for Practical Action and last updated
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in January 2007.
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|}
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==Gallery==
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<Gallery>
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File:bicycle1.jpeg|Figure 1: Cyclist carrying mattresses, Puttalam District. An example of ordinary bicycle used to transport difficult loads. Photo: Practical Action.
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File:bicycle_extended_bicycle.jpg|Figure 2: Extended bicycle Photo: Practical Action
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== External links ==
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HowtoPedia http://www.howtopedia.org/en/How_to_use_a_Bicycle_to_carry_things<br>
    
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