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Natural Hazards

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Preface
Part 1: Why Prepare for Natural Disasters?
Part 2: Basic Preparedness for Natural Disasters
A. Getting Informed
B. Emergency Disaster Planning and Checklists
C. Assemble Disaster Supplies Kit
D. Shelter from Natural Disasters
E. Hazard Specific Preparedness
F. Practice and Maintain Your Disaster Safety Plan
Part 3: Natural Hazards
A. Floods
B. Tornadoes
C. Hurricanes
D. Thunderstorms and Lightning
E. Winter Storms and Extreme Cold
F. Extreme Heat
G. Earthquakes
H. Volcanoes
I. Landscape and Debris Flow (Mudslide)
J. Tsunamis
K. Fires
L. Wildfires
Part 4: Technological Hazards
A. Hazardous Material Incidents
B. Household Chemical Emergencies
C. Nuclear Power Plants
Part 5: Terrorism
A. General Information About Terrorism
B. Explosions
C. Biological Threats
D. Chemical Threats
E. Nuclear Blast
F. Radiological Dispersion Device (RDD)
G. Homeland Security Advisory System
Part 6: Recovering from Disaster
Appendix A: Water Conservation Tips
Appendix B: Disaster Supply Checklists
Appendix C: Family Communication Plan

FEMA Homepage


Natural Hazards[edit]

  • Natural Hazards Section 2.1 - 2.5 (PDF 1.5MB)
  • Natural Hazards Section 2.6 - 2.12 (PDF 4.3MB)

Part 2 includes information about many types of natural hazards. Natural hazards are natural events that threaten lives, property, and other assets. Often, natural hazards can be predicted. They tend to occur repeatedly in the same geographical locations because they are related to weather patterns or physical characteristics of an area.

Natural hazards such as flood, fire, earthquake, tornado, and windstorms affect thousands of people every year. We need to know what our risks are from natural hazards and take sensible precautions to protect ourselves, our families, and our communities.

Use Part 2 to learn about the hazards that pose a risk to you. Include the pertinent information in your family disaster plan. Specific content on each hazard consists of the characteristics of that hazard, terms associated with the hazard, measures that can be taken beforehand to avoid or lessen the impact of these events, and what individuals need to do during and after the event to protect themselves.

When you complete Part 2, you will be able to:

  • Know important terms.
  • Take protective measures for natural hazards.
  • Identify resources for more information about natural hazards.

In This Section

Download Plug-in Some of the links on this page require a plug-in to view them. Links to the plug-ins are available below. [http://www.fema.gov/goodbye/goodbye.jsp?url=http://www.adobe.com/products/acrobat/alternate.html Last Modified: Wednesday, 11-Aug-2010 12:25:19 EDT

Federal Emergency Management Agency U.S. Department of Homeland Security 500 C Street SW, Washington, D.C. 20472 External Affairs: (202) 646-4600 [http://www.disasterassistance.gov/ (800) 621-FEMA / TTY (800) 462-7585 3 Step Guide for Assistance