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Multi-level buildings havea number of advantages in sustainable design and urban planning:
- They allow higher population densities, reducing distances traveled and making public transport more feasible and effective.
- They reduce the urban heat island effect, especially when interspersed with green open space, and in combination with light colored roofs and green roofs.
High-rise and community
The challenges include allowing communities and relationships to flourish (essential to quality of life. While higher densities and shorter distances make engaging in social activities much easier, relationships between neighbors tend to be very limited in high-rise living.
The ideal for this aspect of community may be the dense-low style of housing popular in, for example, Denmark. This is development which is several stories high, with adjoining buildings, resulting in medium-high population density and allowing good transport options, but residences generally have their own entrance onto the street.
Notes and references
- Newman P and Kenworthy J, Sustainability and Cities: Overcoming Automobile Dependence.
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