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Innovative sheltering 1 The problem of providing emergency shelter
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- bigger picture, broader issues, context
- bangladesh, peru, african floods, philippines tornados etc.
- shelters, yes, it could be better
- $265 is the cost of a disaster tent
- $100 for air freight
- as an architect, how did I wind up having to do tents?
- tents is what we do
- climate events: 70% of disasters, 1bn affected
- lots of small disasters
- risk reduction, exceptions (wars, refugees, cold climate etc.)
- shelter should - protection from climate, security/safety, public health, family/community life, dignity
- promote - communal, self-sufficiency, risk reduction, minimize economic/environmental impact, positive economic effects
- consider - enough space, protection from risk, services, community resources (schools etc.), energy inputs, food storage, refuse, cultural appropriateness.
- informed by - scale of disaster, climate, political/security, rural/urban, host community issues, govt. etc. mandates.
- disaster timeline
- before disaster - built their own hoses etc.
- during disaster - support sheltering, materials, cash, labor, help
- after disaster - goes back to pre-disaster housing processes
- support process, local innovations, innovative processes, flexible niche solutions
A few examples of emergency shelter:
- the Hexayurt project
- ShelterBox Relief Tent
- Shelter and Shelters
- Monolithic domes
- "The Accordion reCover Shelter" "designed by Matthew Malone, Amanda Goldberg, Jennifer Metcalf and Grant Meacham. They have successfully constructed and tested two full-size prototypes and have found them to hold up well against heavy winds and snow."
- "Emergency Shelters and Disaster Relief For The People of Haiti" by Bridgette Meinhold 2010