Ang ICT o Information Communication Technology ay may mahalagang papel sa pagbabago, at paggawa ng makabago sa kasalukuyang mga sistema ng pag-aaral at pang-edukasyon. Katulad ng Information technology, ang ICT ay isa pang teknolohiya na tumutulong sa mga tao na makakuha ng access sa impormasyon.
Nakatuon ang ICT sa komunikasyon na kinabibilangan ng wireless network, internet, pati na rin ang mga medium ng komunikasyon. Ang merkado ay puno ng malawak na hanay ng mga tool sa ICT, na kinabibilangan ng industriya ng computing, electronic display, at telekomunikasyon. Naaapektuhan ng ICT ang ating buhay sa positibo at negatibong paraan. Ipaalam sa amin ang higit pa tungkol sa mga epektong ito nang detalyado.
Mga positibong epekto ng ICT
Nadagdagang access sa mga serbisyo
The major benefit of ICT on people is the increased access to services, and information that has accompanied in the progress of the Internet. ICT provides quick access to affordable, and better means of communication in the form of Instant Messaging, and VoIP phone. It brings exciting ways to indulge in entertainment, leisure, build contacts, make relations, and procure services, and goods from suppliers.
This technology assist in enhanced access to education, in the form of on-line tutorials, and distance learning. People get to enjoy newer modes of learning as virtual reality, and interactive multi-media. Mobile working, flexible work schedules, virtual offices, etc. help people to enjoy improved job opportunities in the communications area.
Offer new tools and new opportunities
The second important impact of Information Communication Technology is that it provides access to a wide range of new tools that have not existed before.
ICT provides distinctive, and highly innovative set of tools and processes in areas of photography. Use of photo-editing software, high quality printers, and digital cameras enables people to yield impressive outcome. In this way, these technologies have replaced the need for a photographic studio to a large extent.
ICT also aids people to overcome their disabilities. Screen reading or magnification software assist blind or partially sighted people to work using an ordinary text instead of using Braille.
Enhances operation of organizations
There are basically three main regions that are influenced by ICT in an organization: communications, security, and information management.
- Communication: ICT provides technologies like VoIP are more efficient and affordable that other forms of commonly used communication in the organization such as telephone, messaging, email, and sales catalogues. VoIP allows people to access to large and worldwide markets easily.
- Flexible response: Organizations that have implemented ICT ensures good communication. This implies that they can quickly and easily respond to changes. This technology implies improved customer relations, better supply chain for services, and goods, serve customers efficiently by quickly manufacturing new products as per their requirements etc.
- Information management: Organizations greatly benefit from ICT for management of their information. Better stock control, less wastage, increased cash flow, etc. are some of the benefits realized by mangers who use ICT in their organization. By being constantly updated of the information, they can form better decisions.
- Enhanced Security: ICT can improve security of the data. Its encryption methods help in keeping data secure from people with malicious intent. This technology stores encryption for storing as well as sending data electronically. This enables commercial secrecy within the organization. ICT uses physical security systems to access data such as face or iris recognition, or fingerprint detection.
Negative effects of ICT
Loss of job
A major negative effect of ICT is seen in the form of job loss. This technology is capable of automating commonly used operations in an organization so that humans are no more required for performing those tasks. Manual operations are getting replaced by automation that has become the sole cause for job loss. Some of the examples being robots that replaces people for the assembly of parts, a barcode scanner replaces a worker for checkout tasks, etc. Use of ICT leads to adverse economic consequences, social consequences, loss of earnings, loss of self-esteem, and status among people in the society.
Reduced personal interaction
Work from home, that is considered as a benefit of ICT, also has negative impact on a person. A person loses touch with people due to reduced social interaction. This makes him/her feel unhappy, and isolated.