sciure d'Erssons3.jpg
Données du projet
EmplacementPortland , Oregon , États-Unis
Coût10 USD
Exemple deToilettes à compost
Manifeste OKHOuvrir le manifeste de savoir-faireTélécharger
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Ma version d'une toilette à sciure de bois (telle que décrite dans le manuel Humanure ) se compose d'un seau réceptacle, d'un siège de toilette amovible qui se glisse dans le dessus et d'un seau de sciure de bois à recouvrir après chaque utilisation. Lorsque les toilettes sont pleines, le siège est commuté sur le seau à sciure vide. La toilette est vidée, nettoyée et désinfectée puis devient le seau à sciure après remplissage avec de la sciure propre.

The whole toilet system, including outdoor compost chamber, can be constructed for less than $10. This simple, inexpensive and hygienic toilet is affordable to construct and maintain by just about anyone on the planet. It's a perfect example of an appropriate and sustainable technology.

En fermant le cycle des nutriments humains, c'est un complément parfait au jardinage biologique . À bien des égards, il surpasse les systèmes compliqués qui coûtent des centaines de fois plus cher ! Bien qu'il puisse manquer d'attrait dans les pays du premier monde avec leurs systèmes d'égouts coûteux, « loin des yeux, loin du cœur », il peut être très approprié dans les régions qui manquent d'infrastructures aussi complexes. Cependant, il semble y avoir une explosion d'intérêt pour la durabilité , et de nombreux autres citoyens en viennent à penser que les toilettes à compost sont la seule solution !


  • 3 or more plastic 5-gallon buckets (20 l)
  • 1 toilet seat
  • 6 wood screws
  • 3 small pieces of wood that function as cleats — Approximately, 1 inch (2,5 cm) wide by 3 inches long (8 cm) by 3/4 inch deep (2 cm)
  • 1 compost chamber — Mine is constructed from recycled wooden pallets held together by wire at the corners.


  • Wood saw
  • Screw driver


  1. Using a wood saw, cut the top 4 to 6 inches off one of the buckets. This will serve as a flange to which a toilet seat is attached, allowing it to slip inside a second bucket (see photo). The bottom part of the cut bucket can be recycled, for example as a planter.
  2. Attach this flange to the bottom of a toilet seat using two screws at each of three wood cleats. One screw attaches the cleat to the toilet seat; the second attaches the bucket flange to the cleat (see photos and drawings). The four small brown objects in the photo, the original toilet seat spacers, are removed and discarded. The completed receptacle with flanged seat in place on a receptacle bucket is shown at the top of this page.
  3. A second bucket contains sawdust, chipped wood, chopped straw, cereal hulls, or other absorbent carbon-rich organic matter. Covering with several cups or handfuls of this matter after each use effectively prevents odors (see photo).
  4. When the receptacle bucket is full transfer the flanged toilet seat to the now empty sawdust bucket which then becomes the receptacle.
  5. Empty the toilet contents into a composting chamber (see photo) and cover with a fresh layer of sawdust to prevent odors and present an aesthetic appearance. Clean the empty receptacle and sanitize and freshen in sunlight. This bucket, after filling with clean material, then becomes the sawdust bucket, and the cycle starts over. This step is the only time when odors are present, and only momentarily. Although not necessary, some individuals collect urine separately in a sealable container (such as an inexpensive but sturdy plastic bottle) because of its high value as a nitrogen source. It can be diluted by 5 parts water and put directly on plants.


We recently tested a simple ventilation system to capture odors during use and vent them outdoors. This common-sense, basic capability is something lacking in almost all toilets, even in the wealthy industrialized countries. The American approach is to ventilate the toilet room by a fan installed in the ceiling. This makes some sense, as this approach will also ventilate a shower or bath. However, a much more effective approach, which prevents any odors from even escaping from the toilet, is to ventilate the toilet itself. You can achieve this by attaching a flexible air suction hose to the toilet flange powered by an electric fan which sucks air from the room and vents it either into the normal ventilation stack or through the wall to the outside.

Our simple contraption consists of a second hand vacuum cleaner, a 2" check valve to prevent odors or outside air from flowing backwards into the room, a dimmer switch to lower the power (and therefore noise) of the vacuum, and a few pieces of 2" or 3" pipe to route the air flow. Total cost is less than $35 (vacuum: free, check valve: $17, other plumbing parts for routing air: about $5, dimmer switch and other electric parts: $10). The fan device is actuated for only a few seconds during use, until new deposits are covered when no further odors are present. This method works flawlessly and prevents all odors, all the time. For those who don't want to re-invent the wheel, I have come across a commercial version of a toilet ventilation fan, although I cannot vouch for whether it works well. Basically, it appears to be a thin device that fits between the usual toilet seat and the porcelain fixture. It ventilates air in its proximity with an electric fan. The following simple diagram shows the basic plan for this toilet (not including the ventilation device). The air suction device (connection by some type of flexible hose) attaches to anywhere on the flange.

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Données de pages
Keywordscompost, toilet, sawdust, plastic bucket, wood, offline
SDG Sustainable Development GoalsSDG06 Clean water and sanitation, SDG11 Sustainable cities and communities
AuthorsCurt Beckmann
DerivativesCome realizzare e utilizzare una toilette con segatura, Comment fabriquer et utiliser une toilette en sciure de bois, Como fazer e usar um vaso sanitário de serragem, Cómo hacer y usar un inodoro de aserrín, Wie man eine Sägemehltoilette herstellt und benutzt
LanguageEnglish (en)
Impact Number of views to this page and its redirects. Updated once a month. Views by admins and bots are not counted. Multiple views during the same session are counted as one.48,039
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