Cradle-to-cradle design (sometimes C2C, cradle 2 cradle, or Regenerative design) is a biomimetic philosophy and practice of design. It approaches design and production as a system, using nature's processes as a model. Materials are viewed as nutrients circulating in a metabolismW.

It is a holistic economic and industrial ramework for efficiency and the elimination of waste.[1] See No such thing as waste.

Cradle to cradle is applicable to industrial design, manufacturing, urban environments, buildings - and more controversially to economics and even social systems.

History[edit | edit source]

The term was coined by Walter R. Stahel in Switzerland in the 1970s,[2] applied by the Interface carpet company in the mid-1990s (working with Amory Lovins, Paul Hawken and others), and popularized by William McDonough.

Waste separation[edit | edit source]

See Waste#Waste separation It should be noted that the cradle-to-cradle envisions far better separation as what's currently done. For example, plastics can then be recycled rather than burned. See Plastics recovery manual 4

Recycling[edit | edit source]

McDonough divides categorises recycling into Upcycling and Downcycling. The first describes a method of recyling in which the waste material is made more pure, allowing its use in more products/processes. The latter makes the waste material more contaminated with other materials, making it usable in less products/materials.

Examples of finished products[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Lovins, L. Hunter (2008). Rethinking production in State of the World 2008, pp. 38–40.
  2. Green Guru Gone Wrong: William McDonough, Fast Company, November 1, 2008.
  3. Nike Considered
  4. Rohner textile Climatex as cradle-to-cradle certified textile
  5. Biofoam

External links[edit | edit source]

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Keywords industrial ecology, energy, energy efficiency, environmental philosophy, industry, sustainability, waste management, design
Authors KVDP
License CC-BY-SA-3.0
Language English (en)
Related 0 subpages, 6 pages link here
Aliases Cradle to cradle, Cradle-to-cradle
Impact 874 page views
Created February 16, 2012 by KVDP
Modified October 23, 2023 by Maintenance script
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