Fahrräder sind ein wichtiger Bestandteil autofreier Städte.

Eine autofreie Stadt ist das Ziel einer friedlichen und angenehmen Stadt, ohne die Dominanz des Automobils. Es ist auch eine widerstandsfähige und nachhaltige Stadt . Durch die Betonung des öffentlichen Nahverkehrs, des Radfahrens, des Gehens und der komfortablen Gestaltung wird der Bedarf an Autos stark reduziert.

Die Vorteile sind eine geringere Ölabhängigkeit , Luftverschmutzung , CO2-Emissionen , Autounfälle und die positiven Vorteile einer ruhigeren, friedlicheren Umgebung (weniger Lärm ), besser nutzbarer offener Flächen und viel größerer Freiheit für Fußgänger und Radfahrer - alles führt zu einer größeren Lebensqualität . Einige Städte haben bereits autofreie Orte , aber eine autofreie Stadt erfordert ein viel größeres Engagement, politischen Willen und Unterstützung durch die Gemeinschaft. verboten,

Ältere Städte, die vor dem Automobil begannen (die etablierten Städte Europas, Asiens und Afrikas), haben oft weiterhin autofreie Gebiete in den ältesten Teilen der Stadt. Gebiete, die als Slums begannen, können ihre engen Gassen behalten, auch nachdem sich die Häuser verbessert und Dienstleistungen angeschlossen haben, und dank ihrer engen Gassen bleiben sie ruhig und autofrei (abgesehen von gelegentlichen Motorrädern).

Die Carfree Cities-Bewegung verbindet Menschen aus der ganzen Welt, die auf diese Ziele hinarbeiten und praktische Alternativen zur Autoabhängigkeit entwickeln.

Initial steps

A key step taken is to create car-free places (carfree places within cities), and create awareness and familiarity with the concept, as well as to allow residents to experience the benefits of being car-free.

Such steps may be initiated within government, or proposed and lobbied by NGOs and other representatives of civil society.

More rigorous approach

A more rigorous approach then to just create car-free places is to make the whole city carfree. This can be done by implementing physical barriers as F-shape barriers and bollards would be placed at the edge of the city and would still permit passage to the city for 2-wheeled vehicles, but deny it for 3- and 4-wheeled ones. To still allow passage for 3-wheeled vehicles (and the occasional 4-wheeled one), provisions as retractible bollards[1] (which may be opened only by certain people) can be placed.

The system would also be enforced by law by implementing a law that states that "all human-controlled, 4-wheeled vehicles intented for private use, are banned within city centres.

Outside the cities, 4-wheeled vehicles and cars would not yet be banned by law untill further notice, and parking spaces would be set-up at the edge of town to provide people the further use of their car and allow them to phase it out gradually.

At the moment, cars and roads can (largely) be eliminated and replaced by a combination of

  • in-city transportation: where (well-constructed) roads are kept in place, yet where cars are banned out
  • and city-to-city transportation: where all roads and cars are to be eliminated (over time).

In-city transportation would rely on the following vehicles/modes of transportation:small or two-wheeled vehicles: electric scooters, segway PT's, Toyota winglet's, bicycles, recumbent bicycles, cycle rickshaws, auto rickshaws, cabin cycles, velomobiles, motorised and human powered steps and monowheels, inline skates, heelys,...

communal transportation vehicles: subway, trolley, bus, monorail, folding city car (for point-to-point "cab"-trips only), skycaband by foot

City-to-city transportation would rely on the following vehicles/modes of transportation:by airways: regular communal airplanes, the new airships, personal air vehicles (PAV)by waterways: communal and personal boats and other water vehiclesand by railways: trains travelling in non-eco-fragile environments or travelling underground

The city-to-city transportation vehicles should be seemlessly hooked up to the in-city transportation system/vehicles. This can be done by by for example providing a good connection between trainstations, airports and busses, metros, skycabs,...

Notes and references

  1. A commercial example of retractable bollards can be seen here

Interwiki links

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