WaterPod Tour de Volts pedal powered generator

A pedal powered generator is a Human Powered Energy Generator (HPEG) that provides a method of generating electricity by means of a modified exercise bike for use in energy storage and running household appliances. Human/mechanical energy is converted into electrical current by means of a Direct Current (DC) generator that is connected by a fanbelt to an exercise bike flywheel.

The energy created by the DC generator can be stored in various types of lead-acid batteries. Energy stored in battery form can act as a supplemental energy source for battery banks that may already be used for wind, hydro and photovoltaic systems. Also, energy that is stored within the lead-acid battery can be utilized as DC current for use in DC appliances such as those found in automotive mobile homes. If Alternating Current (AC) appliances are in place then an inverter must be used to transfer the 12 volts of DC current into the standard 110 volts of AC current for usage by these appliances.

For a complete guide on how to build a pedal powered generator visit Bicycle generator: The ultimate how to guide (With examples!)

## Introduction

As discussed in Pedal Power: In work, leisure, and transportation by James McCullagh (1977), tests at Oxford by Stuart Wilson on a bicycle showed that 75 watts of power is possible to be generated by an average rider at road speed in a one hour time frame. Wilson also found that at 18 mph it is possible to achieve 200 watts for short periods, while 750 watts is possible only for a second or so, under extreme load. These calculations show that human/mechanical energy, if harnessed could add to existing battery banks, or could be set up alone to run appliances. Appliances that could be powered include radios, televisions, lights, power tools and other appliances that pull relatively low amounts of energy for their usage.

Now that the potential power output for an average cyclist has been defined it is possible to design a human powered energy generator. The information that is contained within this web page is intended to allow the reader to examine potential uses for this design. This example is based upon calculations done by myself, and can be used as a template for design of different energy demand systems. This system would be most appropriate for a household with more than four people that do not have high energy demands, and are in average physical condition.

Written by Ben Erickson

# Discussion

The fact that human power using the major muscle group, (legs) can produce 75 watts on a sustained basis leads us to several interesting conclusions:

1. Human muscle power can never provide more than a tiny fraction of the power that each American typically uses. Assuming that a person could ride an hour a day with health benefits, but much more than that would seriously interfere with other activities, we can expect a person to produce 75 kWh of energy a day. A very conscientious American consumer is proud to say that "My family of four uses, on average, 4.7 kilowatt hours (kWh) of electricity per day." [1] That is 1.175 kWh per person so the hour's exercise would produce 4% of her energy needs. This shows that a person who wants to live off of human muscle power must cut their energy consumption by an additional 96%. Another way to look at this is that based on grid supplied power, a person riding a bike would produce about 1 cent worth of power per hour, compared to buying grid power. Make that 2 to 3 cents per hour in places where power is very expensive. Do you see why our wages and standard of living are so greatly tied to cheap energy availability?

2. This analysis shows why the standard of living is so low in countries that depend on human muscle or even animal muscle for their energy. This means that we Americans need to learn to live on much less power than we do or else find a way to provide clean and cheap energy for ourselves and the world. (Windmills and solar are at best a limited solution).

3. Using energy wisely could consist of biking to work when weather permits. 75 watts powers a bike rather nicely, compared to the 5-8 KW for an electric car. [2] You could ride the bike to work, (1/2 hour each way at 15 MPH), or you could generate 2.5-4 kWh of energy on your home bike generator, and use that power to drive to work, (15 minutes each way). But to generate that much energy would take you 48 hours on the bike. The dramatic difference is because riding the bike avoids hauling a ton or more of steel and plastic back and forth to work.

4. Exercise machines that actually consume power seem to be a very wasteful approach. I suggest that one use the bicycle generator to power a TV set, (75 watts is about what they consume), and thus only watch TV when the bike is being ridden. That would provide a motivation for exercise and limit the time one spends on mind numbing entertainment.

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