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Si está comprando semillas en lugar de recolectarlas directamente de las plantas, es útil tener una idea de las cosas que debe tener en cuenta cuando esté en el centro de jardinería o examine las versiones impresas o en línea de los catálogos de semillas. Este artículo proporciona algunas sugerencias de cosas a tener en cuenta.

Cosas a tener en cuenta al comprar semillas

  • Tenga una lista de las semillas que desea comprar. Esto ayudará a evitar que compre en exceso, recordándole que el espacio para el jardín o el campo es limitado. También tenga en cuenta que no se recomienda el almacenamiento excesivo de semillas, ya que las semillas frescas son siempre las más viables y el almacenamiento de las semillas es complicado y, si no se hace según los requisitos exactos de la semilla, el almacenamiento puede hacer que las semillas se vuelvan inviables para la siguiente temporada. (Por ejemplo, dejar paquetes de semillas en el área de la cocina sin darse cuenta puede exponerlos a la humedad, a temperaturas extremas y a secarse, todo en unos pocos meses de invierno).
  • Investigue un poco sobre lo que crece bien en su área. Esto le ahorrará la decepción de comprar semillas exóticas que no prosperan como plantas. Algunas compañías de semillas se especializarán en plantas regionales o plantas adaptadas a varias áreas de un país. Esta información debería estar disponible en su sitio web.
  • Comparar precios. Esto es fácil de hacer cuando se busca en línea, aunque puede llevar mucho tiempo (pero es agradable). Seleccione tres o más empresas que vendan semillas y descargue o abra sus catálogos de semillas. Estos pueden estar en formato PDF o Word, lo que facilita desplazarse por ellos, aunque es posible que algunos catálogos solo se mantengan en línea.
  • Comprueba la fecha de las semillas. Esto debe marcarse en el paquete de semillas o indicarse de alguna manera si las semillas están en bolsas u otros recipientes. Pregúntele al minorista si esto no se ha aclarado.
  • If growing organically, be sure that the seeds are not treated with fungicide derived from synthetic chemicals. This should be stated on the packet, or you can ask the seed company.
  • Find varieties of plants that will meet your needs. Important things to consider looking for include disease-resistant varieties and varieties with sufficient yields for your needs.
  • Check the quantity of seeds in a packet or bag. Allow for some seeds to be duds, so a few additional seeds is fine in order to ensure that you get the crop you're after.
  • Consider seed mixes where you'd like a variety of plants in one space. The type of plants in such mixes (often lettuces, wildlflowers, etc.) will have been selected by the seller to ensure their compatibility in growing closely together.
  • Don't forget the space you have. Although already stated, it cannot be over-emphasized that falling in love with more plants than you have space for will result in wasting money through crowding, loss of viability or inability to plant some of the seeds.
  • Look for sufficient information on growing the seeds. Most seed packets and catalogues will provide growing information, such as conditions, distance, depth, maturity time, etc. This can be helpful in ensuring that you give the seeds the best opportunity to germinate and thrive. You can also ask the retailer or email/call the seed company.

Reading seed packets

Most standard seed packets carry standardised information which can inform you not only about the contents but also the growing conditions. The following items are usually found on a seed packet:

  • Variety name: This will usually be printed on the top, perhaps also on the flap and it will be in large letters.
  • Planting information: This provides the guidance for planting the seeds and tending to them. It can include direct-sow/indoor sow guidance, depth, distance between seeds, instructions for transplanting and/or thinning seedlings, length to germination and maturity and when the plant can be harvested.
  • Date: The date by which the seeds should be planted should be evident. If missing, ask the retailer or seed company. If you buy seeds close to the end date, ask for a discount. If past the end date, ask if they'd like to donate them to you.
  • Planting map/zoning: This will show you pictorially where in your region or country the seeds can be planted, along with the seasonal times for regions that are ideal for sowing. Note that these are very broad indications and localised variations are to be expected, as learned by your own experimenting.
  • Amount of seeds: The packet will usually tell you how many seeds to expect, as a minimum. This may be approximate, especially with smaller seeds. Sometimes weight is used in place of individual count.
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AuthorsFelicity
Published2016
LicenseCC-BY-SA-4.0
Impact Number of views to this page and its redirects. Updated once a month. Views by admins and bots are not counted. Multiple views during the same session are counted as one.28
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