Tibial Fracture Fixation Team Moko.jpg

Tapanga ki raroKo enei tauira taia 3D e whakataurite tika ana i te roa o te wheua me te diameter, te ahua o waho, te ahua whiti, te anatomy bicortical, te pakeke cortical, te porosity wheua whakakore, me te microstructure, me te matotoru cortex tawhiti mo te pakeke, tane kore-momomo i te taha maui tibial shaft fracture titi keri. nga waahi mo te whakatikatika o waho. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12]Kei roto i enei tauira he tau tauira kua oti te whakairo, he tohu ira tangata, me te pere ahunga keri ki te turanga o ia tauira hei awhina i te tohu tauira me te whakatakotoranga tika. Kei ia tauira he apitihanga mokowhiti hei tuku i te kaiwhakamahi ki te mau i te tauira ki roto i te rawhi whao paerewa hei whakanui ake i te haumaru i te wa e whakangungu ana.

3D Tā Tauira Tauira

  1. Tā 3D kotahi tauira Pakeke Tane Tibial Bone Tauira #1 me te #2 mā te whakamahi i ngā kōnae tā kua reri ki te whakamahi , i ngā kōnae kua whakaritea mā ngā tautuhinga tā ritenga .
  2. Print the quality assurance checklist below for the 3D printed sample models by clicking on the "Download PDF" button in the upper righthand corner of this screen and selecting "Layout: Landscape" option for printing.
  3. Review the quality assurance checklist to verify that each sample model was properly printed and fill in the checkboxes.
  4. Any model that does not meet the standard for all the quality assurance checklist items will be rejected and must be reprinted in accordance with the instructions below.
  5. Write the model production period, if Adult Male Tibial Bone Models #1 and #2 are acceptable, and the date of inspection and print and sign your name at the bottom of the checklist.
  6. Attach the completed and signed checklist to the price quote for the consignee.
  7. File and save a back-up copy of the completed and signed checklist for your production and inspection records.
Quality Assurance Checklist for Adult Male Tibial Bone Models #1 and #2
#ActionMeets StandardDoes Not Meet StandardDoes Not Meet StandardCheck most appropriate response
1Inspect the base.
The base of each model should display a semi-engraved model number, gender symbol, and two drilling direction arrows to assist with model identification and proper orientation of the simulator.
If the semi-engraved features are not visible, the model should be reprinted with the proper settings with no raft (click here to view reference screenshot) and no support material (click here to view reference screenshot).
If the base is open, the model should be reprinted with the proper settings of Bottom Layers: set to default value and not set to "0" (click here to view reference screenshot).
🔲 Meets Standard

🔲 Does Not Meet Standard

2Inspect the top.
The top of each model should display the outer cortex and inner cancellous bone porosity and microstructure because these features provide visual fidelity to the surgical simulator.
If the inner cancellous bone features are not visible, the model should be reprinted with the proper settings of Top Layers set to "0" (click here for reference screenshot).
If there is no inner cancellous bone, the model should be reprinted with the proper Infill Density of "15%" (click here for reference screenshot).
🔲 Meets Standard

🔲 Does Not Meet Standard

3Inspect sides.
The surface of the bone model should be smooth to provide visual and tactile fidelity of the surgical simulator.
If the bone model surface is uneven or missing material, the model should be reprinted (i) using brand new white PLA filament fresh out of the sealed package, and (ii) with the proper settings including changing print speed back to default values for the Generic PLA filament profile and reducing the layer height to 0.2 mm or less.
If the bone model surface is uneven or missing material, the model should be reprinted (i) using brand new white PLA filament fresh out of the sealed package, and (ii) with the proper settings including changing print speed back to default values for the Generic PLA filament profile and reducing the layer height to 0.2 mm or less.
🔲 Meets Standard

🔲 Does Not Meet Standard

4Inspect the vise attachment.
The entire surface of the vise attachment should be smooth and the angled surface of the vise attachment should have no filament drooping.
If the angled surface of the vise attachment is uneven or has drooping filament, the model should be reprinted (i) using brand new white PLA filament fresh out of the sealed package, (ii) with the proper settings including changing print and fan speeds back to default values for the Generic PLA filament profile, and (iii) while reducing the layer height to 0.2 mm or less.
If any surface of the vise attachment is uneven or missing material, the model should be reprinted (i) using brand new white PLA filament fresh out of the sealed package, and (ii) with the proper settings including changing print speed back to default values for the Generic PLA filament profile and reducing the layer height to 0.2 mm or less.
🔲 Meets Standard

🔲 Does Not Meet Standard

Each model must meet standards for all the quality assurance checklist items in order to be acceptable for the Tibial Fracture Fixation skills modules.

Model Production Period (Day-Month-Year to Day-Month-Year):

Adult Male Tibial Bone Model #1 Accepted (circle most appropriate response): Yes or No

Adult Male Tibial Bone Model #2 Accepted (circle most appropriate response): Yes or No

Quality Assurance Checklist Completion Date (Day-Month-Year):

Inspected By (First Name and Last Name):

Signature:

Acknowledgements

This work is funded by a grant from the Intuitive Foundation. Any research, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this work are those of the author(s), and not of the Intuitive Foundation.

References

  1. Ugochukwu EG, Ugbem LP, Ijomone OM, Ebi OT. Estimation of Maximum Tibia Length from its Measured Anthropometric Parameters in a Nigerian Population. J Forensic Sci Med [serial online] 2016 [cited 2021 Jun 27];2:222-8. Available from: https://www.jfsmonline.com/text.asp?2016/2/4/222/197928.
  2. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services  —  National Institutes of Health. Human tibia and fibula. [Internet]. Bethesda, (MD): NIH 3D Print Exchange; 2014 May 29 [cited 2021 Aug 17]. Available from: https://3dprint.nih.gov/discover/3DPX-000169.
  3. Gosman JH, Hubbell ZR, Shaw CN, Ryan TM. Development of cortical bone geometry in the human femoral and tibial diaphysis. Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2013 May;296(5):774-87. doi: 10.1002/ar.22688. Epub 2013 Mar 27. PMID: 23533061.
  4. www.prusa3d.com/file/370474/technical-data-sheet.pdf
  5. Ultimaker. Ultimaker PLA Technical Data Sheet [Internet]. Ultimaker Support. [cited 2021 July 29]. Available from: https://support.ultimaker.com/hc/en-us/articles/360011962720-UltimakerPLA-TDS.
  6. https://support.ultimaker.com/hc/en-us/articles/360011962720-Ultimaker-PLA-TDS
  7. Vian, Wei Dai and Denton, Nancy L., "Hardness Comparison of Polymer Specimens Produced with Different Processes" (2018). ASEE IL-IN Section Conference. 3. https://docs.lib.purdue.edu/aseeil-insectionconference/2018/tech/3.
  8. Society For Biomaterials 30th Annual Meeting Transactions, page 332. Femoral Cortical Wall Thickness And Hardness Evaluation. K. Calvert, L.A. Kirkpatrick, D.M. Blakemore, T.S. Johnson. Zimmer, Inc., Warsaw, IN.
  9. Meyers, M. A.; Chen, P.-Y. (2014). Biological Materials Science. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-107-01045-1.
  10. Forrest AM, Johnson AE, inventors; Pacific Research Laboratories, Inc., assignee. Artificial bones and methods of making same. United States patent 8,210,852 B2. Date issued 2012 Jul 3.
  11. National Institutes of Health Osteoporosis and Related Bone Diseases National Resource Center. What is Bone? [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): The National Institutes of Health (NIH); 2018. [Cited 2021 Aug 17]. Available from: https://www.bones.nih.gov/health-info/bone/bone-health/what-is-bone.
  12. Maeda K, Mochizuki T, Kobayashi K, Tanifuji O, Someya K, Hokari S, Katsumi R, Morise Y, Koga H, Sakamoto M, Koga Y, Kawashima H. ​​Ko te matotoru cortical o te tibial diaphysis e whakaatu ana i te pakeke me te ira tangata. Ko nga ahuatanga i waenga i nga taiohi hauora kore-momomo me nga kaupapa pakeke i runga i nga rohe tibial. J Exp Orthop. 2020 Oketopa 6;7(1):78. doi: 10.1186/s40634-020-00297-9. PMID: 33025285; PMCID: PMC7538524.
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