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WetLand pyramidal water desalinator

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WetLand Engr215 Student Projects

Water Meter - Energy Monitor - Pyramidal Water Desalinator - Aquaponic System - Edible Railing - Spiral Rainwater Catchment



Abstract[edit]

It's Always Sunny worked with Mary Mattingly, an artist based in New York City. She is collaborating with Live Arts/Fringe to design the WetLand project. Our objective is to design a long lasting desalination system that produces distilled water from the Delaware River for the inhabitants of the barge. The desalination system will promote sustainability through inspirational design and compliment the overall theme of the barge.

ItsAlwaysSunnyPoster.jpg

Background[edit]

It's Always Sunny's solution and final design is a pyramidal solar still called The Great Pyramid of Philadelphia. This still desalinates brackish water from the Delaware River and turns it into freshwater, as shown in Figure 1

Figure 1: General overview of the desalination process

Criteria[edit]

The table below shows the client criteria for our project. The criteria is organized by it's relative weight of importance on a scale of 0-10, with 10 being the high.

Weight Criteria Definition
10 Functionality The ability for the final solution to perform at the level that the

client expects.

10 Feasibility The practicality of the design and the probability of successful construction.
9 Safety The product of the solution will not pose any health risks to the consumers.
9 Level of Inspiration/Educational Value Through innovative and creative design, the solution will inspire and influence the public to consider new ways of living sustainability.
8 Cost Through testing, purchasing materials, and building, the solution cannot exceed the allocated budget.
7 Aesthetics The final solution will be visually pleasing to the public and attractive by design. The style of the solution should complement the artistic style of the entire WetLand barge
6 Ease of Use The difficulty level of the operation and maintenance of the solution.
4 Maintainability The solution will be convenient to access and will require a small amount of daily maintenance.
3 Reproducibility The ease of the solution to be replicated by someone without technical experience.

Description of Final Design[edit]

The Great Pyramid of Philadelphia is a pyramidal shaped solar still, shown in Figure 2, that produces desalinated water from brackish water. The Great Pyramid of Philadelphia consists of three main components; the pyramid top, the gutter system, and the base.

Figure 2: Overview of Final Design

Pyramid Top[edit]

The top of The Great Pyramid of Philadelphia is a pyramid made of plexiglass, as shown in Figure 3. The sides are sealed with food grade silicon, which will not add any contaminants to the clean water that will condensate on the inside of the pyramid. At the base of the pyramid, an aluminum square base keeps the pyramid rigid and in place.

Figure 3: Pyramid Top


Gutter System[edit]

The gutter system of the Great Pyramid of Philadelphia is made from plexiglass strips adhered to the bottom of the pyramid top at an angle to form a V shape, as shown in Figure 4. The condensed water that runs down the sides of the pyramid is collected in the V-shaped gutters. At one corner of the pyramid is an outlet that pipes out the desalinated water into storage, as shown in Figure 5. The outlet is made of plexiglass and adhered to the outside of the pyramid, and the tubing to pipe out the clean water is made of polyethylene, a safe plastic for drinking water. After the water is piped out, it will run through a carbon filter before being stored.

Figure 4: Gutter System
Figure 5: Outlet

Base and Tray[edit]

The base of The Great Pyramid of Philadelphia is made of plywood and supports the pyramid top. The base is painted black and lined with pond liner, as shown in Figure 6, to seal and protect the wood from moisture. The pond liner is attached to the base with strips of plexiglass and stainless steel screws, as shown in Figure 6. One of the sides of the base is a door, allowing access to the inside of the base. Inside the base is a black high density PVC tray, as shown in Figure 6. The brackish water will be put directly into the tray for the desalination process. On the bottom of the base are adjustable feet that allow the user to position the still so the outlet on the pyramid is the lowest point, enabling the water to easily flow out.

Figure 6: Base and Tray

Costs[edit]

The sortable table below shows the cost and quantity of the materials we used to build our solar still.

Item Quantity Team Cost ($) Retail Cost ($)
Duct Tape 1 6.99 6.99
Masking Tape 1 7.99 7.99
Gorilla Tape 1 8.99 8.99
Wood Glue 1 9.89 9.89
7'16" OSB 4'x8' Sheet 1 15.09 15.09
3/4" Plywood 4'x8' 1 DONATED 30.90
Acrylic Sheeting 1 DONATED 98.00
Hinge 1"x12" 1 5.39 5.39
Hinge 1"x12" 1 5.39 5.39
Flat Black Paint 1/2 Pint 1 12.04 12.09
Paint Brushes 3 5.37 5.37
Silicone 4 27.96 6.99
Water Tray 1 DONATED 300.00
Total Cost $94.34 $506.74

This pie chart shows the hours spent throughout our project.

Figure 5: Outlet

Testing Results[edit]

The Great Pyramid of Philadelphia ran for a total of 5 sun hours at 40 degrees Fahrenheit. These were not optimal conditions for testing and due to multiple leaks in the gutter system, approximately 30 mL was able to escape through the outlet. It's Always Sunny is confident that The Great Pyramid of Philadelphia will produce a higher volume of water with completely sealed gutters, no internal leakage of water, and a warmer climate.

More information to come.

How to build[edit]

Step-by-step instructions of how to replicate our solar still are shown below.

How to Replicate The Great Pyramid of Philadelphia
ImageStep
It'sAlwaysSunnySTEP1.jpeg Step 1 : Build a wooden base structure with 4'x4' dimensions and walls that are 10" tall, and include a door.
Appr.jpg Step 2 : Paint the base to protect it from the elements, then line it with pond liner to completely seal it.
It'sAlwaysSunnySTEP3.jpg Step 3 : Secure the pond liner in place using strips of plexiglass.
It'sAlwaysSunnySTEP4.jpeg Step 4 : Seal plexiglass triangles together with food-grade silicon to form a pyramid top.
It'sAlwaysSunnySTEP5.jpg Step 5 : Bevel small strips of plexiglass and adhere them to the inside of the pyramid to serve as gutters, then seal them in with food-grade silicon.
It'sAlwaysSunnySTEP6.jpg Step 6 : Build an aluminum structure that will house the pyramid and seal the pyramid to it.
Photo Dec 11, 9 25 49 PM.jpg Step 7 : Attach weatherproofing strips to the top of base and rest pyramid on top of it, sealing the interior from the exterior.
It'sAlwaysSunnySTEP8.jpg Step 8 : Build an outlet for the freshwater to escape.
Photo Dec 11, 9 29 41 PM.jpg Step 9 : Attach adjustable feet to base in order to give the still the necessary slant it needs for water to flow out smoothly.

Team Video[edit]

Suggestions & Recommendations for Similar Projects[edit]

  1. It's Always Sunny suggests exploring other alternate designs other than a pyramid due to the multiple building difficulties we encountered; a single slant solar still is recommended.
  2. The v-shaped gutter system proved to be more difficult to seal than we expected and we recommend trying different styles of gutters; for a single slant solar still we suggest exploring a PVC pipe gutter system, for a pyramidal solar still we recommend experimenting with a gutter system attached to the bottom of the pyramidal top.
  3. Having a securely sealed, closed system is very important for the efficiency of a solar still. We recommend sealing the top of the still to the base instead of using weather stripping.
  4. Due to many complications that arose while building such a large project, we highly recommend building a much smaller solar still.
  5. We suggest experimenting with different designs of the still that have different ways of accessing the tray other than a door on the base.