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User:RichardF/Outline of nutrition

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Nutrition or nutrition science studies the relationship between diet and states of health and disease. The scope of nutrition science ranges from malnutrition to optimal health. Many common symptoms and diseases can often be prevented or alleviated with better nutrition.

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to nutrition:

Essence of nutrition[edit]

Food pyramid (Hill[1], 2008).
Main article: Nutrition

Branches of nutrition[edit]

History of nutrition[edit]

Main article: History of nutrition

Nutrients[edit]

Macronutrients[edit]

Water[edit]

Protein[edit]

Amino Acids[edit]

Fat[edit]

Saturated fats[edit]
Monounsaturated fats[edit]
Polyunsaturated fats[edit]
Essential fatty acids[edit]
Other Fats[edit]
Fat substitutes[edit]

Carbohydrates[edit]

Dietary fiber[edit]
Starch[edit]
Sugars[edit]
Sugar substitutes[edit]
  • Artificial sugar substitutes
    • Acesulfame-K
    • Acesulfame potassium – 200x sweetness (by weight), Nutrinova, E950, FDA Approved 2003
    • Alitame – 2,000x sweetness (by weight), Pfizer, Pending FDA Approval
    • Aspartame – 160-200x sweetness (by weight), NutraSweet, E951, FDA Approved 1981
    • Cyclamate – 30x sweetness (by weight), Abbott, E952, FDA Banned 1969, pending re-approval
    • Dulcin – 250x sweetness (by weight), FDA Banned 1950
    • Neohesperidine dihydrochalcone – 1,500x sweetness (by weight), E959
    • Neotame – 8,000x sweetness (by weight), NutraSweet, FDA Approved 2002
    • P-4000 – 4,000x sweetness (by weight), FDA Banned 1950
    • Saccharin – 300x sweetness (by weight), E954, FDA Approved 1958
    • Sucralose – 600x sweetness (by weight), Tate & Lyle, FDA Approved 1998
  • Natural sugar substitutes
    • Brazzein – Protein, 2,000x sweetness of sucrose (by weight), Exxx
    • Curculin – Protein, 550x sweetness (by weight), Exxx
    • Erythritol – 0.7x sweetness (by weight), 14x sweetness of sucrose (by food energy), 0.05x energy density of sucrose
    • Fructose
    • Glycyrrhizin – 50x sweetness (by weight)
    • Glycerol – 0.6x sweetness (by weight), 0.55x sweetness (by food energy), 1.075x energy density, E422
    • Hydrogenated starch hydrolysates – 0.4x–0.9x sweetness (by weight), 0.5x–1.2x sweetness (by food energy), 0.75x energy density
    • Isomalt – 0.45x–0.65x sweetness (by weight), 0.9x–1.3x sweetness (by food energy), 0.5x energy density, E953
    • Lactitol – 0.4x sweetness (by weight), 0.8x sweetness (by food energy), 0.5x energy density, E966
    • Mabinlin – Protein, 100x sweetness (by weight), Exxx
    • Maltitol – 0.9x sweetness (by weight), 1.7x sweetness (by food energy), 0.525x energy density, E965
    • Mannitol – 0.5x sweetness (by weight), 1.2x sweetness (by food energy), 0.4x energy density, E421
    • Miraculin – Protein, nx sweetness (by weight), Exxx
    • Monellin – Protein, 3,000x sweetness (by weight), Exxx
    • Pentadin – Protein, 500x sweetness (by weight), Exxx
    • Sorbitol – 0.6x sweetness (by weight), 0.9x sweetness (by food energy), 0.65x energy density, E420
    • Stevia – 250x sweetness (by weight)
    • Tagatose – 0.92x sweetness (by weight), 2.4x sweetness (by food energy), 0.38x energy density
    • Thaumatin – Protein, – 2,000x sweetness (by weight), E957
    • Xylitol – 1.0x sweetness (by weight), 1.7x sweetness (by food energy), 0.6x energy density, E967

Micronutrients[edit]

Vitamins[edit]

Minerals[edit]

Organic Acids[edit]

Foods[edit]

Pyramid Groups[edit]

Qualities of food[edit]

General nutrition concepts[edit]

Diets and dieting[edit]

Nutrition problems[edit]

Behavioral problems[edit]

Nutrition politics[edit]

Organizations[edit]

Nutrition scholars[edit]

Nutrition lists[edit]

Main article: Lists of nutrition topics

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Databases and search engines[edit]

Governmental agencies and intergovernmental bodies[edit]


Wikipedia
This page or section includes content from Wikipedia. The original article was at Outline of nutrition. The list of authors can be seen in the history for that page. As with Appropedia, the text of Wikipedia is available under the CC-BY-SA.

  1. Ms. Bhakta’s Blog. ‘Good Shepherd Catholic School.’ <http://sciencebhakta.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/new-food-pyramid.jpg>. April 22, 2010.