Appropedia needs your support - Please Donate Today

The Global Solutions List

From Appropedia
Jump to: navigation, search

What makes a Global Solution?[edit]

  • It must have the ability to take a substantial problem the planet or the human race faces, and address more than 90% of it.
  • It must not create another problem in the process.

Global Warming[edit]

Energy-related CO2: Ultra-cheap solar panels[edit]

The technology:

Conventional solar panels cost around $2.30 per watt to produce. http://Nanosolar.com claims to be manufacturing 1 gigawatt of panels per year, with a manufacturing cost of $0.30 per watt. Customers include German municipalities. Nanosolar has several hundred million dollars of capitalization.

http://Konarka.com, headed by Alan Heeger (Nobel, Chemistry, for discovering conductive polymers) estimates their production cost will be around $0.10 per watt with gigawatt-scale production in two to three years. Konarka's capitalization is around 60 million dollars.

Coal is about 40% of energy-related CO2 emissions. Oil is most of the rest, with natural gas trailing.

Either one of these technologies could reduce the price of solar electricity substantially below that of coal. This gives rise to the possibility of profitably displacing coal capacity with solar capacity at a terawatt scale. To get oil out of the picture, a cheap high density battery technology is also required. I'll do a write-up on the (good) prospects there another day.

Poverty[edit]

Improved Agriculture[edit]

Farming Education[edit]

http://oneacrefund.org has a training program on 12,000 farms in Africa, demonstrating doubled agricultural productivity and halved infant mortality.

http://www.oneacrefund.org/our_results/program_dashboard

Global Potential of Organic Agriculture[edit]

Can organic agriculture feed the world? http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/agronomyfacpub/110/ (Ivette Perfecto - "yes - 80% increase in current farming output on average globally")

New Scientist commentary on the paper: http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn12245

Water and Sanitation[edit]

In general, see the http://akvopedia.org for a list of appropriate water technologies. I've simply picked a few representative examples that have some substantial scale.

Filtration[edit]

Potters for Peace Filtron http://s189535770.onlinehome.us/pottersforpeace/?page_id=9

Biosand filter http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BioSand_Filter

Both of these systems have been deployed widely and work

Pumping[edit]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rope_pump

Sanitation[edit]

http://www.sulabhinternational.org/st/advantages_sulabh_toilets.php

Education[edit]

  • eLearning(web& mobile)could be considered one of the main factors for a green planet, by reducing travel of students and teachers as well as open new fields of work for free lancers and etutors,in addition to that saving papers and much more benefits.

Such a technology considered as green technology.


http://wikipedia.org and http://appropedia.org on cell phones

Consider the Hole In The Wall experiments, where slum children are given internet access and begin to self-educate. http://www.hole-in-the-wall.com/Beginnings.html

There were about 1bn cell phone users in 2002. Now (2009) there are 4.1 billion users. http://www.cbc.ca/technology/story/2009/03/02/un-telecommunications.html

Promote land grants in poor regions to endow microscholarship funds, expanding grassroots access to entrepreneurially-run schools and Internet eLearning centers. http://www.entrepreneurialschools.com/microscholarships

Transparent Governance[edit]

Flexiwage systems such as Singapore's policy of linking public employees bonuses to annual economic growth. http://www.openworldinstitute.org

eGovernment and m-Government - streamlined licenses, forms, permits via cell phones and/or the Internet. Links: http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/doi/10.1109/ICMeCG.2009.40 , http://blogs.worldbank.org/governance/twittering-your-way-to-improved-governance , and http://www.egov4dev.org/mgovernment/index.shtml#overview

"Islands of transparency" - demonstration areas for liberalized policy and institutional reforms. http://is.gd/4B2hj and http://www.wepza.org/article5.html .


Conclusion[edit]

If we can solve the clean energy crisis, which is that global clean energy right now is not enough to maintain civilization - if we stopped using right now we'd die, like an addict - then we can stabilize the biggest current threat to the planet's ecology. The ultra-cheap solar panels indicate we can do this, and profitably.

If we can solve the global food problem through education in improved agriculture - possibly delivered by internet-enabled cell phones - then we have taken off some of the worst impacts of poverty, and the do-it-yourself nature of the water and toilet technologies mentioned here may also enable them to be spread online.

This is just a list of what works and what can be scaled or has substantial scale already. Please do not add:

Thanks!