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Sanctuary abundant free food kiosk

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Final Abundant Free Food Kiosk design raised above the sidewalk for easy access to the public


Abstract[edit]

The purpose of this project is to create a new way for The Sanctuary to distribute donated food to the public in a free, convenient way. The project successfully met all of the weighted criterion set for the abundant free kiosk. The A-Team designed a permanent, weather-proof structure from which The Sanctuary can now easily distribute free food to the community of Arcata. The A-Team was brought together through the Humboldt State University class, Engineering 215 - Introduction to Design, taught by Lonny Grafman.

Background[edit]

The Fall 2016 ENGR 215 class, taught by Lonny Grafman, made six different design projects for The Sanctuary, a local, nonprofit organization promoting sustainability and creativity. The A-Team chose the Abundant Free Food Kiosk as their project. Before implementation of the food kiosk, The Sanctuary was having difficulty giving out donated food. They were distributing their food out of cardboard boxes from their pantry in the basement level of the building. This became a problem as the public was unaware of the free food available. Throughout the semester, The A-Team researched, designed, prototyped, and built a ventilated, insulated, permanent kiosk at the sidewalk level to give The Sanctuary am easier, more accessible way to distribute the free food to the public.

Problem Statement and Objective[edit]

The Sanctuary in Arcata is often given large amounts of food to distribute to the public. They previously did not have any efficient ways to distribute this food, making it difficult to give to the people. The objective of The Abundant Free Food Kiosk is to design and implement a method that provides free food to the community using The Sanctuary`s resources at a low cost.

Criteria[edit]

Below is a table of criteria for The Abundant Free Food Kiosk. Each criterion is weighted on a scale of one to ten to determine its degree of importance.

Table-1: Criteria and Constraints
Criteria Weight Constraints
Safety 10 No chemicals or other harmful contaminants will be able to taint the food inside the kiosk. There cannot be splinters from the wood.
Public Accessibility 10 Must be accessible for all people, including children.
Critter Proof 10 The kiosk must be able to withstand any animals or pests trying to get inside in order to protect its contents.
Durability (10 years) 8 Must last at least ten years.
Aesthetics 6 Must look pleasing and professional to the eye.
Replicability 5 Simple enough to be rebuilt by amateurs.
Cost 3 Cannot exceed four hundred dollars (one hundred dollars from The Sanctuary, seventy-five dollars from each group member.
Back of kiosk

Description of Final Project[edit]

The Abundant Free Food Kiosk is a large box made of plywood that sits on its stand, allowing it to be raised to the sidewalk. It has two doors on each side, allowing easy accessibility for the public walking by on the sidewalk as well as people from The Sanctuary who will load food from the back two doors. The entire box contains insulation on the inside and vents on the side of the box to allow the food inside to stay as fresh as possible as it sits outside. The Abundant Free Food Kiosk now serves as an efficient way to make sure The Sanctuary can easily give out the food it is given.

Building[edit]

Building the Kiosk
ImageStep
Caption Step 1 : Assemble necessary tools and materials for construction. Sizes may vary according to desired kiosk size.
Caption Step 2 : Make box frame screwing 18 2"x2" pieces of wood together at the desired length. There will be 4 horizontal pieces longer than the rest, used for the front and back faces of the frame. Two of these pieces should be enclosing the bottom left and right pieces, giving a sturdier frame. The vertical corner pieces will be of different heights to allow the front of the kiosk to have a larger opening than the back. Allow left and right top pieces of the frame to sit diagonally on the vertical frame pieces. There will be an additional 4 roof pieces spaced evenly inside the frame to provide additional support. Two vertical pieces placed in the middle of the front and back sides of the frame will also be of different heights.
Caption Step 3 : screw on 4 pieces of plywood to the left, right, and bottom sides of the frame creating the two outer walls of the kiosk and the bottom piece. The roof will be a larger piece in order to protect the kiosk from weathering.
Caption Step 4 : Before the inner walls of the kiosk are screwed in, place a dividing 2"x2" in the center of the floor, aligned with the center vertical 2"x2"'s of the frame. This 2"x2" should be of the same length as the left and right pieces of the frame. After the final 2"x2" is placed on the floor piece of plywood, add an insulating layer in between where the outer plywood and the inner plywood layers would be.
Caption Step 5 : After the insulation is placed on all four built walls of the kiosk, place the inner layer of plywood, or material of choice, to enclose the insulation and 2"x2" framing. The only framing visible should be from side views. To enclose the roof, cut slots in a piece of plywood to the correct length of the roof to seal the top insulation inside.
Caption Step 6 : Cut out the door the proper dimensions of the front and back empty faces of the kiosk for doors. Choose hinges compatible with the box to screw on the left and right walls of the kiosk. After placing all 4 doors on the front and back faces of the kiosk, attach a thin piece of plywood, half on, to the end of on door from each side (right or left door) for better sealing. This makes sure that one door is closed before the other. Then attach locks on the doors to keep them closed.
Caption Step 7 : After construction of the top box of the kiosk is complete, make the stand. The legs will be made of four 4"x4" pieces of wood at the desired height. Inside the 4"x4" legs, will be four 2"x4" pieces of wood to provide a small frame, two long ones being the length of the kiosk and two shorter being the width of the kiosk. This frame will be all held together by eight bolts placed in length and width directions on each leg into the 2"x4" frame.
Caption Step 8 : Attach stand to the kiosk box using large screws going into the 2”x2” framing of the kiosk box.
Caption Step 9 : Drill holes for vents in the top of the right wall, and in the bottom of the left wall (or vice versa).

Maintenance[edit]

The Kiosk is easy to maintain as it doesn't involve any heavy annual cleaning or maintenance. Maintenance includes wiping down the insides of the box from possible food smudges and replacements of parts if damaged.


Material Time Cost ($)
Disinfectant Wipes 5 minutes (weekly) $5.00
General Parts for Replacement 2 hours (annually) $10.00

Instructions[edit]

Maintenance
ImageStep
Step Wipe down inside of kiosk where dirty. :

Costs[edit]

Quantity Material Source Cost ($) Total ($)
2 2x4's (in) Donated 0 0
4 8x4 (ft) Plywood Donated 0 0
18 2x2's (in) Donated 0 0
1 Wood Glue Donated 0 0
~100 Screws Donated 0 0
1 Waterproofing Material Donated 0 0
3 Insulation (sheets) Donated 0 0
4 Cabinet Handles Donated 0 0
20 Paint (colors) Donated 0 0
1 Paint (chalkboard) Hardware Stores 15.00 15.00
Total Cost $15.00

Testing Results[edit]

The Sanctuary can now place three 18" by 20" cardboard boxes full of food in the kiosk. This food is now available for the community to take.


Discussion and Next Steps[edit]

The finished Abundant Free Food Kiosk is a sturdy, well-insulated cabinet that will serve its purpose and provide The Sanctuary with a more efficient method of distributing free food. The A-Team was very pleased with the overall product of the kiosk and was glad to be able to participate in giving back to the community of Arcata. We hope the kiosk influences others to build the same or similar design to share resources amongst their communities the way The Sanctuary is now able to. The next steps of this project are to coat the kiosk with a waterproof layer in order for the paint to not wash off with the rain. This specific project was continued by The Sanctuary; The Sanctuary constructed a living roof on top of the kiosk by covering the roof with pond liner and adding a gutter system.

Downloads[edit]

Final Poster

Final Document

Final Presentation

Authors[edit]

Back of kiosk


Left to right: Ernesto Silva, Megan Moore, Jessica Horton, and Jennifer Barranco

Update October 2017[edit]

Still highly used by the public. Does the job well, to hold food. A new problem occurred when people started dumping stuff other than food in it. Not really avoidable, depends on the community. The supply of food comes from generous donations from local farmers & farms, leftovers from organizations, excess from catering events, etc. The food depends on the donors. The project is very is a good bridge to the public, low maintenance, and working nicely to feed the community.

A photo of the food kiosk in October 2017.

Food Kiosk 3.jpg


References[edit]

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