Portal:Energy

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The Energy Portal

Aleiha's parabolic solar cooker
In physics, energy is an indirectly observed quantity. It is often understood as the ability a physical system has to do work on other physical systems. Since work is defined as a force acting through a distance (a length of space), energy is always equivalent to the ability to exert pulls or pushes against the basic forces of nature, along a path of a certain length.

Sustainable energy is the provision of energy that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs. Sustainable energy sources are most often regarded as including all renewable energy sources, such as hydroelectricity, solar energy and power, wind power, wave power, geothermal energy and power, biomass fuel and energy, and tidal power. It usually also includes technologies that improve energy efficiency.

While many renewable energy projects are large-scale, renewable technologies are also suited to rural and remote areas, where energy is often crucial in human development. As of 2011, small solar photovoltaic (PV) systems provide electricity to a few million households, and micro-hydro configured into mini-grids serves many more. Over 44 million households use biogas made in household-scale digesters for lighting and/or cooking, and more than 166 million households rely on a new generation of more-efficient biomass cookstoves.

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Solar cell
Photovoltaics. Every day across the globe, the sun shines down on the earth. The energy in the photons from the sun can be converted to electrical energy. The term for this process is the "Photovoltaic Effect."

Since the first commercially available solar panel in the 1960´s, photovoltaic (PV) technology has continued to be explored and developed throughout the world. The constant development of this technology has resulted in an increasing level of efficiency and PV panels that are more affordable than ever before, though still initially expensive. Today, humans continue to search for new ways to make photovoltaic technology a viable option for everyone throughout the world. Since most of us are not studying the atomic level of this technology, we can help in other ways - by gaining an understanding and spreading that understanding of photovoltaics, as well as by helping others to gain access to solar, or photovoltaic, systems.

Photovoltaic technology holds a number of unique advantages over conventional power-generating technologies. PV systems can be designed for a variety of applications and operational requirements, and can be used for either centralized or distributed power generation. PV systems have no moving parts, are modular, easily expandable and even transportable in some cases. Sunlight is free, and no noise or pollution is created from operating PV systems. PV panels do not require the use of fossil fuels such as coal, oil or natural gas in the energy production process. Alternatively, conventional fuel sources have created an array of environmental problems, namely global warming, acid rain, smog, water pollution, rapidly filling waste disposal sites, destruction of habitat from oil spills, and the loss of natural resources.

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Biofuels: Anaerobic digestion · Alcohol fuels · Algae fuel · Biodiesel · Biogas · Biogasoline · Wood


Energy crops: Barley · Cassava · Hemp · Potato · Rice · Soybean · Wheat


Energy use: Heating and cooling ·


Energy storage: Alkaline versus rechargeable batteries · Animal-based · Electrochemical cell · Fuel cells · How to - Battery charger · Mass-based · Solar panel · Spring based


Geothermal power:


Greenhouses: Construction of an Affordable Greenhouse · Humboldt greenhouse gallery


Passive solar design: Parras passive solar design gallery · Thermal mass · Thermosiphon


Photovoltaics: Energy · System energy · Grid connection · Holographic solar · Humbolt gallery · Maintenance · Panels · Parras gallery · Refrigeration · Vaccine refrigeration · Test field · Troubleshooting · Rural lighting · Water pumping


Solar cooking: Analysis of a solar cooker  · and development · and health


Solar dehydrating: Food Drying with Superheated Steam · Solar drying in Uganda


Solar distillation: Compound parabolic concentrator · Effect of water on light transmission of glass · Improving Basin Solar Stills · Solar distillation TB · Solar fuel alcohol distillation


Solar energy: Open Solar Outdoors Test Field · Smart windows · The solar resource


Solar hot water: DIY solar thermal collectors · Installation and Design Principles · System types


Solar power: Heliostats · Solar thermal energy


Water: Hydraulic ram pumps · Hydroelectricity · Microhydro power · Rope pump


Wind power: Types of wind turbines (Small) · Windmill · Windpumps

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