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Implementing HIV for the Better Future
AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. AIDS is a serious condition that weakens the body’s immune system, leaving it unable to fight off illness. AIDS is caused by HIV infection and is characterized by a severe reduction in CD4+ T cells, which means an infected person develops a very weak immune system and becomes vulnerable to contracting life-threatening infections (such as Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia). AIDS occurs late in HIV disease. Around the world, young people are at the centre of the HIV epidemic; almost half of all HIV-infected people are aged 15 −24 years . Southeast Asia and the Pacific region have the second highest prevalence of HIV with an estimated 1.27 million young people (in 2007) living with HIV. Many factors increase the vulnerability of young people to HIV but lack of knowledge has been identified as one of the leading factors. While many channels exist through which information can be provided to young people, interventions through the education sector have been implemented throughout the world to reach a large number of young people easily. Results of studies indicate that the school-based HIV/AIDS education programmes can result in significant changes in knowledge and attitudes that affect sexual behaviour of young people, leading to significant increases in the use of condom and reductions in sexual health problems, such as unwanted pregnancy, sexually transmitted infection, and abortion.
At the end of 2016, there were 10,500 Filipinos infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) up from 4,300 in 2010, Health Minister Paulyn Ubial told a news conference, citing data from UNAIDS.
Ubial encouraged voluntary HIV-testing and use of condoms to help fight the problem, which in May 2017 alone saw 1,098 new cases of HIV infections in the Philippines, the highest recorded number of cases since 1984 when infections were first reported.The country can still end the public health threat by 2030 if the government can re-direct its focus on the people and locations most at risk, said Eamonn Murphy, UNAIDS regional support team director for Asia-Pacific. He said 83 percent of new HIV cases occurred among males who have sex with males and transgender women who have sex with males. Genesis Samonte, head of the health ministry’s public health surveillance department, said men who have sex with men were most at risk. “We’re not talking about those that are openly gay,” Samonte told a news conference. “Any male who has sex with another male for whatever reason, is at risk.” Two out of three new HIV infections were among 15 to 24 year-old men, who she said have insufficient awareness of HIV, its symptoms and treatment. Most of the men had their first sexual encounter at 16 years old and only get tested for HIV eight years later, she said.
The Reproductive Health and Wellness Center (RHWC) in Davao City has noted 414 Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV–Aids) cases in Davao City from January to November 2017. Based on RHWC's latest data obtained from Epidemiology Bureau of the Department of Health (DOH), out of the 414 cases, 391 are males and 23 are females. Davao City currently has 2,277 HIV-Aids cases since 1984. There were 191 individuals aging 25 to 34 who tested positive of HIV/Aids; 162 whose ages range from 15 to 24; 51 cases for ages 35 to 49; and 50 above with seven. There are three case for ages 15 below, based on the latest data. As to mode of transmission, male to male sexual intercourse remained on top with 235; followed by males having sex with males and females with 131; heterosexual with 44; three mothers to child; and one unknown. Three deaths were also recorded. RHWC attributed HIV-Aids cases to easier access to sex services, issues on sexual practices and change of behaviors among the youth. The virus may be acquired by those who engage in risky sexual behavior.
The HIV virus cannot be destroyed and lives in the body undetected for months or years before any sign of illness appears. Gradually, over many years or even decades, as the T cells become progressively destroyed or inactivated, other viruses, parasites or cancer cells (called “opportunistic diseases”) which would not have been able to get past a healthy body’s defense, can multiply within the body without fear of destruction. Commonly seen opportunistic diseases in persons with HIV infection include: pneumocystis carinii pneumonia, tuberculosis, candida (yeast) infection of the mouth, throat or vagina, shingles, cytomegalovirus retinitis and Kaposi’s sarcoma.
The most common mode of transmission is the transfer of body secretions through sexual contact. This is accomplished through exposure of mucous membranes of the rectum, vagina or mouth to blood, semen or vaginal secretions containing the HIV virus. Blood or blood products can transmit the virus, most often through the sharing of contaminated syringes and needles. HIV can be spread during pregnancy from mother to fetus. You cannot get AIDS/HIV from touching someone or sharing items, such as cups or pencils, or through coughing and sneezing. Additionally, HIV is not spread through routine contact in restaurants, the workplace or school. However, sharing a razor does pose a small risk in that blood from a minor nick can be transmitted from one person to another.
Immediately following infection with HIV, most individuals develop a brief, nonspecific “viral illness” consisting of low grade fever, rash, muscle aches, headache and/or fatigue. Like any other viral illness, these symptoms resolve over a period of five to 10 days. Then for a period of several years (sometimes as long as several decades), people infected with HIV are asymptomatic (no symptoms). However, their immune system is gradually being destroyed by the virus. When this destruction has progressed to a critical point, symptoms of AIDS appear. These symptoms are as follows:
-extreme fatigue. -rapid weight loss from an unknown cause (more than 10 lbs. in two months for no reason). appearance of swollen or tender glands in the neck, armpits or groin, for no apparent reason, lasting for more than four weeks -unexplained shortness of breath, frequently accompanied by a dry cough, not due to allergies or smoking. persistent diarrhea. -intermittent high fever or soaking night sweats of unknown origin. -a marked change in an illness pattern, either in frequency, severity, or length of sickness appearance of one or more purple spots on the surface of the skin, inside the mouth, anus or nasal passages whitish coating on the tongue, throat or vagina. -forgetfulness, confusion and other signs of mental deterioration.
You/We can implement HIV by Developing and release of a Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) Framework that was used to Federal efforts to increase knowledge and awareness of PrEP and support its use, and to identify gaps in the response to support improvement efforts. Review of data and program effectiveness to address performance on four indicators used to monitor progress on the National HIV/AIDS Strategy for which the annual progress targets were not met: reducing homelessness among people living with HIV, reducing disparities in HIV diagnoses and risk behavior among gay and bisexual men, and reducing disparities in HIV diagnoses among persons living in the southern United States. Interagency subgroups were established to fully evaluate the results, conduct additional analyses to better understand the results and identify potential subpopulation differences, interpret and better understand the results by using data from other sources, and identify strategies for improving performance. How can I reduce my risk of getting HIV?
Anyone can get HIV, but you can take steps to protect yourself from HIV infection.
-Get tested and know your partner’s HIV status. Talk to your partner about HIV testing and get tested before you have sex. Use this testing locator from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to find an HIV testing location near you. -Have less risky sex. HIV is mainly spread by having anal or vaginal sex without a condom or without taking medicines to prevent or treat HIV. -Use condoms. Use a condom correctly every time you have vaginal, anal, or oral sex. Read this fact sheet from CDC on how to use condoms correctly. -Limit your number of sexual partners. The more partners you have, the more likely you are to have a partner with HIV whose HIV is not well controlled or to have a partner with a sexually transmitted disease (STD). Both of these factors can increase the risk of HIV transmission. If you have more than one sexual partner, get tested for HIV regularly. -Get tested and treated for STDs. Insist that your partners get tested and treated too. Having an STD can increase your risk of becoming infected with HIV or spreading it to others. -Talk to your health care provider about pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). PrEP is an HIV prevention option for people who don’t have HIV but who are at high risk of becoming infected with HIV. PrEP involves taking a specific HIV medicine every day. For more information, read the AIDSinfo fact sheet on Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP). -Don’t inject drugs. But if you do, use only sterile drug injection equipment and water and never share your equipment with others.
So don't waste your time and regret everything as soon it is early the better, don't be afraid to go to your doctor and obey the rules and information to avoid risky virus which is HIV. Let's make our next generation safe and healthy.