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Global value chains from a 3D printing perspective

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Source[edit]

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Abstract[edit]

This article outlines the evolution of additive manufacturing technology, culminating in 3D printing and presents a vision of how this evolution is affecting existing global value chains (GVCs) in production. In particular, we bring up questions about how this new technology can affect the geographic span and density of GVCs. Potentially, wider adoption of this technology has the potential to partially reverse the trend towards global specialization of production systems into elements that may be geographically dispersed and closer to the end users (localization). This leaves the question of whether in some industries diffusion of 3D printing technologies may change the role of multinational enterprises as coordinators of GVCs by inducing the engagement of a wider variety of firms, even households.

Cet article étudie l'évolution de la technologie manufacturière additive, culminant dans l'impression 3D, et présente une perspective sur comment cette évolution influence les chaînes de valeur globales existantes (CVG) dans la production. En particulier, nous posons des questions sur comment cette nouvelle technologie peut influencer la dispersion et la densité géographiques des CVG. Il est possible qu’une plus forte adoption de cette technologie ait le potentiel d'inverser partiellement la tendance vers une spécialisation globale des systèmes de production dans des unités qui peuvent être dispersées au niveau géographique et qui peuvent être plus proches des utilisateurs finaux (localisation). Ceci pose la question si, dans certains secteurs d’activité, la diffusion des technologies d'impression 3D peut modifier le rôle des entreprises multinationales comme coordinateurs des CVG en entraînant l'engagement d'une plus grande variété d'entreprises, et même de foyers.

Este articulo describe la evolución de la tecnología de fabricación aditiva, que culmina con la impresión 3D y presenta una visión de cómo esta evolución esta afectando las cadenas globales de valor (CGV) existentes en la producción. En particular, planteamos cómo esta nueva tecnología puede afectar la dispersión y densidad geográfica de las cadenas globales de valor. Potencialmente, una mayor adopción de esta tecnología tiene el potencial para revertir parcialmente la tendencia a la especialización global de sistemas de producción en elementos que pueden estar dispersos geográficamente y más cercanos a los usuarios finales (localización). Esto lleva a la pregunta de si en algunas industrias la difusión de tecnologías de impresión 3D pudiera cambiar el papel de las empresas multinacionales como coordinadoras de CGV mediante el inducir la participación de una variedad más amplia de firmas, e incluso individuos.

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Este artigo descreve a evolução da tecnologia de fabricação aditiva, culminando com a impressão 3D, e apresenta uma visão de como essa evolução está afetando as existentes cadeias globais de valor (GVCs) na produção. Em particular, nós levantamos questões sobre como esta nova tecnologia pode afetar a extensão geográfica e a densidade das GVCs. Potencialmente, uma ampla adoção dessa tecnologia tem o potencial de reverter parcialmente a tendência para a especialização global de sistemas de produção em elementos que podem estar geograficamente dispersos e mais próximos dos usuários finais (localização). Isso deixa a questão se, em algumas indústrias, a difusão de tecnologias de impressão 3D pode mudar o papel das empresas multinacionais como coordenadoras das GVCs ao induzir o envolvimento de uma ampla variedade de empresas, mesmo as famílias.

这篇文章概述了最终形成3D打印的增材制造技术的演变,并展示了这种演变是如何影响生产中的现有全球价值链(GVCs)的愿景。尤其是,我们提出了关于这项新技术如何会影响GVCs的地域跨度与密度的问题。潜在地,这项技术的广泛采用有可能部分逆转生产系统的全球专业化趋势向可能在地域上分散且更加接近终端用户(本地化)的生产元素发展。这就产生了3D打印技术在一些行业中的扩散是否能通过诱导更广泛的公司甚至家庭的参与而可能改变跨国公司作为GVCs协调者角色这个问题。

Keywords:[edit]

additive manufacturing; 3D printing; value chain; geographic span; geographic density; RepRap, Entrepreneurship, Disruptive innovation, Distributed manufacturing


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