Almond trees (Prunus dulcis, Prunus amygdalus) are deciduous trees that grow to about 6 metres in height. They produce an edible seed, the almond. They are a reasonably cold hardy tree and as such, can be grown in many parts of the world.
The almond tree is native to the Middle East, the Indian subcontinent and North Africa.
Growing almond trees
The almond tree needs about 300 to 500 chill hours to produce almonds, so be sure that will be possible where you're growing the tree(s). In turn, the preferred summer is hot and dry (humid temperatures tend to cause the tree to be susceptible to disease).
The tree can be grown in many soil types, provided the soil drains well as the tree does not tolerate wet feet.
Always plant at least two trees to ensure pollination, as it cannot self-pollinate.
To be expanded.
It takes about 3 to 4 years before the first almond crop appears.
In the southern hemisphere, almonds can be harvested in March to April (late summer to late autumn)
Uses for almonds
A major food crop.
Almonds have many culinary uses, include for baking, confectionery, salads, etc. They can eaten raw or cooked.
Almonds can be turned into oil.
Almond flavouring is commonly used in baking, including bitter almonds.
Sources and citations
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